Ethnic minorities in Azerbaijan

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This article is about the ethnic minorities in Azerbaijan.

Although more than 91% of the people are ethnic Azerbaijanis, Azerbaijan has many ethnic minorities including Russians, Ukrainians, Georgians, Jews and other minorities. However the numbers of most of these ethnic minorities are small.

After the end of the Soviet Union with the independence of Azerbaijan and the Nagorno-Karabakh War, almost all Armenians (outside the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh) fled or were deported from the country. At the same time, almost all Azerbaijanis fled or were deported from Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh.

Most Russians and other minorities have also left the country and are continuing to leave the country. As a result, Azerbaijan has become ethnically more "pure".

Population of Azerbaijan according to ethnic group 1926–2009[1][2]
Ethnic
group
Census 19261 Census 19392 Census 19593 Census 19704 Census 19795 Census 19896 Census 19996 Census 2009[3]
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Azerbaijanis 1,437,977 62.1 1,870,471 58.4 2,494,381 67.5 3,776,778 73.8 4,708,832 78.1 5,804,980 82.7 7,205,464 90.6 8,172,800 91.6
Lezgins 37,263 1.6 111,666 3.5 98,211 2.7 137,250 2.7 158,057 2.6 171,395 2.4 178,021 2.2 180,300 2.02
Armenians 282,004 12.2 388,025 12.1 442,089 12.0 483,520 9.4 475,486 7.9 390,505 5.6 120,7458 1.5 120,3008 1.35
Russians 220,545 9.5 528,318 16.5 501,282 13.6 510,059 10.0 475,255 7.9 392,304 5.6 141,687 1.8 119,300 1.35
Talysh 77,323 3.3 87,510 2.7 85 0.0 21,169 0.3 76,841 1.0 112,000 1.26
Avars 19,104 0.8 15,740 0.5 17,254 0.5 30,735 0.6 35,991 0.6 44,072 0.6 50,871 0.6 49,800 0.56
Turks 95 0.0 600 0.0 202 0.0 8,491 0.2 7,926 0.1 17,705 0.3 43,454 0.5 38,000 0,43
Tatars 9,948 0.4 27,591 0.9 29,370 0.8 31,353 0.6 31,204 0.5 28,019 0.4 30,011 0.4 25,900 0,29
Tat 28,443 1.2 2,289 0.1 5,887 0.2 7,769 0.2 8,848 0.1 10,239 0.1 10,922 0.1 25,200 0.28
Ukrainians 18,241 0.8 23,643 0.7 25,778 0.7 29,160 0.6 26,402 0.4 32,345 0.5 28,984 0.4 21,500 0,24
Tsakhurs 15,552 0.7 6,464 0.2 2,876 0.1 6,208 0.1 8,546 0.1 13,318 0.2 15,877 0.2 12,300 0.14
Udins 2,445 0.1 3,202 0.1 5,492 0.1 5,841 0.1 6,125 0.1 4,152 0.1 3,800 0.04
Georgians 9,500 0.4 10,196 0.3 9,526 0.3 13,595 0.3 11,412 0.2 14,197 0.2 14,877 0.2 9,900 0.11
Jews 20,578 0.9 41,245 1.3 40,198 1.1 48,652 1.0 35,487 0.6 30,792 0.4 8,916 0.1 9,100 0.1
Kurds 41,1937 1.8 6,005 0.2 1,487 0.0 5,488 0.1 5,676 0.1 12,226 0.2 13,075 0.2 6,100 0.07
Others 94,360 4.1 85,387 2.7 25,889 0.7 22,531 0.4 31,552 0.5 31,787 0.5 9,541 0.1 9,500 0.11
Total 2,314,571 3,205,150 3,697,717 5,117,081 6,026,515 7,021,178 7,953,438 8,922,400
1 Source: [1]. 2 Source: [2]. 3 Source: [3]. 4 Source: [4]. 5 Source: [5]. 6 Source: [6]. 7 Almost all Armenians live in the break-away region of Nagorno-Karabakh since the early 1990s.

References[change | change source]

  1. Statistical Yearbook of Azerbaijan 2006, State Statistical Committee, Baku, table 2.6, p. 69
  2. The Population of Azerbaijan
  3. Censuses of Republic of Azerbaijan 1979, 1989, 1999, 2009 Archive copy at the Internet Archive