Hibatullah Akhundzada

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Hibatullah Akhundzada
هبت الله اخندزاده
Supreme Leader of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
Assumed office
(as head of state of Afghanistan)[a]

15 August 2021
Prime MinisterHasan Akhund (acting)
Preceded byAshraf Ghani (as president)
Assumed office
25 May 2016
Acting: 21–25 May 2016
Deputy
Preceded byAkhtar Mansour
First Deputy Leader of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan[5]
In office
29 July 2015 – 25 May 2016
LeaderAkhtar Mansour
Preceded byAkhtar Mansour
Succeeded bySirajuddin Haqqani[6]
2nd Chief Justice of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
In office
c. 2001 – 25 May 2016
LeaderMohammed Omar
Akhtar Mansoor
Preceded byNoor Mohammad Saqib
Succeeded byAbdul Hakim Ishaqzai
Justice of the Supreme Court of Afghanistan
In office
c. 1996 – c. 2001
LeaderMullah Omar
Chief Justice of the Judiciary of Kandahar Appellate Court
In office
c. 1995 – c. 2001
LeaderMullah Omar
Personal details
BornPanjwayi District, Afghanistan
ResidenceKandahar
EthnicityPashtun
ReligionSunni Islam
MovementDeobandi[7]
Political affiliationTaliban
Military service
AllegianceIslamic Emirate of Afghanistan (1996–2001)
Branch/serviceAfghan mujahideen (Before 1992)
Islamic Army of Afghanistan (1996–2001)
RankJudicial officer
Commands
  • Justice on the Military Court for Kandahar
  • Chief Justice of the Military Court for Eastern Nangarhar
  • Chief Justice of the Supreme Military Court
Battles/warsSoviet–Afghan War
Afghan Civil War (1996–2001)
War in Afghanistan (2001–2021)

Hibatullah Akhundzada (Pashto: هبت الله اخونزاده; Arabic: هبة الله أخوند زاده also spelled Haibatullah Akhunzada; born 1961)[8] is anan Afghan Islamic scholar, cleric, and jurist who is the third and current supreme leader of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan since 2016.

Since the 2021 fall of Kabul, this position has made him Afghanistan's de facto ruler and head of state.[1]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Akhundzada was elected to lead the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (Taliban) in 2016. However, the group was insurgent until the 2021 fall of Kabul, when it became Afghanistan's de facto government and Akhundzada succeeded President Ashraf Ghani as the head of state of Afghanistan.[1][2][3][4]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Staff writer (26 May 2016). "Profile: New Taliban chief Mawlawi Hibatullah Akhundzada". BBC News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  2. Sieff, Kevin (15 August 2021). "The Taliban has retaken control of Afghanistan. Here's what that looked like last time". The Washington Post. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  3. Mellen, Ruby (3 September 2021). "The Taliban has decided on its government. Here's who could lead the organization". The Washington Post. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  4. Faulkner, Charlie (3 September 2021). "Spiritual leader is Afghanistan's head of state — with bomb suspect set to be PM". The Times. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  5. Sofuoglu, Murat (27 September 2021). "How the Taliban governs itself". TRT World. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  6. Jones, Seth G. (December 2020). "Afghanistan's Future Emirate? The Taliban and the Struggle for Afghanistan". CTC Sentinel. Combating Terrorism Center. 13 (11). Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  7. Siddique, Abubakar (7 September 2021). "Who Is Haibatullah Akhundzada, The Taliban's 'Supreme Leader' Of Afghanistan?". Gandhara. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  8. "Afghan Taliban announce successor to Mullah Mansour". BBC News. 25 May 2016. Archived from the original on 18 April 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2016.

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • Burnett, M. Troy (2020). Nationalism Today: Extreme Political Movements Around the World [2 Volumes]. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1440850004.