Jana Gana Mana

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Jana Gana Mana
Indian National Anthem - Upload Version-1.png
National anthem ofIndia
LyricsRabindranath Tagore
MusicRabindranath Tagore
Adopted1950
Rabindranath Tagore, el autor y compositor de los himnos nacionales de India y Bangladesh.
Rabindranath Tagore cantando "Jana Gana Mana".

"Jana Gana Mana" (hi. जन गण मन) is the title for the national anthem of India. The original words were written in the Bengali language. It was originally a five-verse poem created in 1911 by Rabindranath Tagore—the same author for the Bangladeshi anthem.[1] In January 1950, just the first verse was made to be officially part of the national anthem of India per the Constituent Assembly of India.[2][3] In addition, the lyrics now contain many words of Sanskrit origin.[4]

Lyrics[change | change source]

Original words in Bengali Official lyrics in Hindi Official translation in English

জন গণ মন অধিনায়ক জয় হে,
ভারত ভাগ্য বিধাতা
পঞ্জাব সিন্ধু গুজরাট মরাঠা
দ্রাবিড় উৎ‍‌কল বঙ্গ
বিন্ধ্য হিমাচল যমুনা গঙ্গা
উচ্ছল জলধি তরঙ্গ
তব শুভ নামে জাগে
তব শুভ আশিস মাগে
গাহে তব জয়গাথা
জন গণ মঙ্গল দায়ক জয় হে
ভারত ভাগ্য বিধাতা
জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় হে
জয় জয় জয়, জয় হে॥[5][6]

जन-गण-मन अधिनायक जय हे,
भारत भाग्य विधाता!
पंजाब-सिन्ध-गुजरात-मराठा,
द्रविड-उत्कल-बङ्ग
विंध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा,
उच्छल जलधि तरंग
तब शुभ नामे जागे,
तब शुभ आशिष मांगे
गाहे तब जय गाथा।
जन-गण-मंगलदायक जय हे,
भारत भाग्य विधाता!
जय हे! जय हे! जय हे!
जय जय जय जय हे![7]

Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India's destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sindh,
Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Odisha
and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of Vindhya and the
Himalayas,
Mingles in the music of Ganga and Yamuna
and is chanted by
The waves of the Indian sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India's destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee.[8]

Transcriptions
Hindi and Bengali Latin script Hindi Cyrillic script Hindi Greek script Hindi Arabic script Pronunciation of the Hindi words Pronunciation of the Bengali words Pronunciation of the English words with an Indian accent

Jana gaṇa mana adhinaayaka jaya hai,
bhaarata bhaagya vidhaataa!
Pan̐jaaba—Sindh—Gujaraata—Maraaṭhaa…
Draaviṛa—Utkala—Ban̐ga…
Vin̐dhya—Himaacala—Yamunaa—Gan̐gaa…
ucchala jaladhi taran̐ga.
Taba shubha naamei jaagei…
taba shubha aashiṣa maan̐gei…
gaahei taba jaya gaathaa.
Jana gaṇa man̐gala daayaka jaya hai,
bhaarata bhaagya vidhaataa…
Jaya hai… Jaya hai… Jaya hai…
Jaya jaya jaya jaya hai!

Жэнэ гэнъэ мэнэ эдхинайэкэ жэйэ хэй,
Бхарэтэ бхагьэ видхата!
Пэъжабэ—Синдх—Гужэратэ—Мэратъха…
Дравиръэ—Уткэлэ—Бэъгэ…
Виъдхьэ—Химачэлэ—Йэмуна—Гэъга…
утчхэлэ жэлэдхи тэрэъгэ.
Тэбэ шубхэ намей жагей…
тэбэ шубхэ ашишъэ маъгей…
гахей тэбэ жэйэ гатха.
Жэнэ гэнъэ мэъгэлэ дайэкэ жэйэ хэй,
бхарэтэ бхагьэ видхата…
Жэйэ хэй… Жэйэ хэй… Жэйэ хэй…
Жэйэ жэйэ жэйэ жэйэ хэй…

Ζανα γαν̇α μανα αδ̥ινααϳακα ζαϳα ͱαι,
β̥ααρατα β̥ααγια ϝιδ̥ααταα!
Παν̆ζααβα—Σινδ̥—Γυζαραατα—Μαραατ̥̇αα…
Δρααϝιρ̇α—Υτκαλα—Βαν̆γα…
Ϝιν̆δ̥ια—Ͱιμαατζαλα—Ϳαμυναα—Γαν̆γαα…
υττ̥ζαλα ζαλαδ̥ι ταραν̆γα.
Ταβα ϸυβ̥α νααμει ζααγει…
Ταβα ϸυβ̥α ααϸισ̇α μαν̆γει…
γααͱει ταβα ζαϳα γαατ̥αα.
Ζανα γαν̇α μαν̆γαλα δααϳακα ζαϳα ͱαι,
β̥ααρατα β̥ααγια ϝιδ̥ααταα…
Ζαϳα ͱαι… Ζαϳα ͱαι… Ζαϳα ͱαι…
Ζαϳα ζαϳα ζαϳα ζαϳα ͱαι…

جنَ گنَ منَ ادھی نایکَ جَیَ ہے
بھارتَ بھاگیہ وِدھاتا
پنجابَ سندھَ گجراتَ مراٹھا
دراوڈَ اُتکلَ وَنگَ
وندھیہ ہماچلَ یمونا گنگا
اُچھلَ جلَدھی ترنگَ
توَ شُبھَ نامے جاگے
توَ شُبھَ آشش ماگے
گاہے توَ جَیَ گاتھا
جنَ گنَ منگلَ دایک جَیَ ہے
بھارتَ بھاگیہ وِدھاتا
جَیَ ہے، جَیَ ہے، جَیَ ہے
جَیَ جَیَ جَیَ جَیَ ہے

[dʒənə gəɳə mənə əd̪ʱinɑːjəkə dʒəjə ɦɛː]
[bʱɑːɾət̪ə bʱɑːgjə ʋɪdʱɑːt̪ɑː ǁ]
[pə̃dʒɑːbə sɪnd̪ʱ gʊdʒəɾɑːt̪ə məɾɑːʈʰɑː ǀ]
[d̪ɾɑːʋɪɽə ʊt̪kələ bə̃gə]
[ʋɪ̃d̪ʱjə ɦɪmɑːcələ jəmʊnɑː gə̃gɑː ǀ]
[ʊttʃʰələ dʒələd̪ʱi t̪əɾə̃gə]
[t̪əbə ʃʊbʱə nɑːmeː dʒɑːgeː ǀ]
[t̪əbə ʃʊbʱə ɑːʃɪʂə mɑ̃ːgeː]
[gɑːɦeː t̪əbə dʒəjə gɑːt̪ʰɑː ‖]
[dʒənə gəɳə mə̃gələ d̪ɑːjəkə dʒəjə ɦɛː ǀ]
[bʱɑːɾət̪ə bʱɑːgjə ʋɪd̪ʱɑːt̪ɑː ‖]
[dʒəjə ɦɛː ǀ dʒəjə ɦɛː ǀ dʒəjə ɦɛː ǀ]
[dʒəjə dʒəjə dʒəjə dʒəjə ɦɛː ‖]

[dʒɔno ɡɔno mɔno od̪ʱinae̯ɔko dʒɔe̯o ɦe ǀ]
[bʱarot̪o bʱaɡːo bid̪ʱat̪a ǁ]
[pɔndʒabo ʃind̪ʱu ɡudʒraʈo maraʈʰa |]
[d̪rabiɽo ut̪kɔlo bɔŋɡo ‖]
[bind̪ʱo ɦimatʃɔlo dʒomuna ɡɔŋɡa ǀ]
[utʃʰːɔlo dʒɔlod̪ʱitorɔŋɡo ‖]
[t̪ɔbo ʃubʱo name dʒaɡe ǀ]
[t̪ɔbo ʃubʱo aʃiʃo maɡe]
[gaɦe t̪ɔbo dʒɔe̯o ɡat̪ʰa ‖]
[dʒɔno ɡɔno moŋɡɔlo d̪ae̯ɔko dʒɔe̯o ɦe ǀ]
[bʱarot̪o bʱaɡːo bid̪ʱat̪a ‖]
[dʒɔe̯o ɦe ǀ dʒɔe̯o ɦe ǀ dʒɔe̯o ɦe ǀ]
[dʒɔe̯o dʒɔe̯o dʒɔe̯o dʒɔe̯o ɦe ‖]

[ˈd̪äʊ̯ äː(ɽ)ʈ d̪ə ˈruː.lə(ɾ) əʋ d̪ə ˈmäɪ̯ndz əʋ ɔːl ˈpiː.pəl ǀ]
[ɖɪs.ˈpɛn.sə(ɾ) əʋ ˈɪɳ.ɖɪə̯z ˈɖɛʃ.ʈɪ.niː ‖]
[d̪äɪ̯ neːm ˈräʊ̯.zɪz d̪ə ɦäː(ɾ)t̪s əʋ pə̃.ˈdʒaːb ǀ sɪnd̪ʱ ǀ]
[gʊ.dʒə.ˈɾaːt̪ ɛm mə.ˈɾaː.ʈʰə ǀ]
[əʋ d̪ə ˈd̪ɾaː.ʋɪ.ɖə ɛn oː.ɖɪ.ˈʃaː]
[ɛm bɛŋ.ˈɡɔːl ǀ]
[ɪʈ ˈɛ.koːz ɪn d̪ə ˈɦɪlz əʋ ˈʋɪ̃.d̪ʱɪə̯ ɛn d̪ə ɦɪ.ˈmaː.lə.jəz ǀ]
[ˈmɪŋ.ɡəlz ɪn d̪ə ˈmjuː.zɪk əʋ gə̃ˈgaː ɛn jə.mʊ.ˈnaː ǀ]
[ɛn ɪs ˈtʃæɳ.ʈəɖ bäɪ̯]
[d̪ə ˈʋeːʋz əʋ d̪ə ˈɪɳ.ɖɪə̯n siː ‖]
[d̪eː ˈpɾeː fɔː(ɾ) d̪äɪ̯ ˈblɛ.sɪŋz ɛn ˈsɪŋ d̪äɪ̯ ˈpɾeːz ǀ]
[d̪ə ˈseː.ʋɪŋ əʋ ɔːl ˈpiː.pəl ʋeːt̪s ɪn d̪äɪ̯ ˈɦæɳɖ ǀ]
[ˈd̪äʊ̯ ɖɪs.ˈpɛn.sə(ɾ) əʋ ˈɪɳ.ɖɪə̯z ˈɖɛʃ.ʈɪ.niː ‖]
[ˈʋɪk.ʈə.ɾiː ǀ ˈʋɪk.ʈə.ɾiː ǀ ˈʋɪk.ʈə.ɾiː ʈuː ˈd̪iː ‖]

References[change | change source]

  1. National Symbol: National Anthem. National Portal of India. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  2. Britannica, Editors of Encyclopedia (2008), Britannica Encyclopedia of India (Set of 5 Volumes), Encyclopedia Britannica India, p. 167, ISBN 978-81-8131-008-8
  3. http://mha.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mha/files/pdf/NationalAnthem(E).pdf Archived 2018-04-18 at the Wayback Machine (dead)
  4. National anthem of India: a brief on 'Jana Gana Mana' (14 August 2012). News18.
  5. জনগণমন-অধিনায়ক. Tagoreweb.
  6. "Jana Gana Mana" full lyrics. nationalanthems.info. Kendall, David.
  7. भारत के राष्ट्रगान के संबंध में आदेश (Order relating to the national anthem of India). Ministry of Home Affairs. Government of India. 24 June 2018.
  8. The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems [2 Volumes]. James Minahan. ABC-CLIO. p.61.

Other websites[change | change source]