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Julian Assange

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Julian Assange
Assange in the Ecuadorian Embassy, London (August 2014)
Julian Paul Hawkins

(1971-07-03) 3 July 1971 (age 52)
Alma mater
  • Editor
  • programmer
  • politician
Years active1987–present
Known forFounding WikiLeaks
TitleDirector and editor-in-chief of WikiLeaks
Political party
Criminal statusConvicted of failure to surrender to the court
Under arrest by the Metropolitan Police Service in London under extradition warrant.
Teresa Doe (m. 1989–1999)
Stella Assange ​(m. 2022)
Partner(s)Sarah Harrison
(sep. 2009; sep. 2012)
AwardsFull list

Julian Paul Assange (born 3 July 1971) is an Australian computer programmer, publisher and journalist. He is a spokesman and editor-in-chief of WikiLeaks, which is a website that posts news leaks. He started the website in 2006.[1] He was born in Townsville, Queensland. He also made a program called Rubberhose (file system) to hide secret information in a specific way that protects against torture.

Assange was the Readers' Choice for Time Person of the Year in 2010[2] after getting the most Internet votes.

In 2012, facing extradition to Sweden, he took refuge at the Embassy of Ecuador in London and was granted political asylum by Ecuador.

On 11 January 2018, it was announced that Assange had held Ecuadorian citizenship since 12 December 2017.[3]

Ecuadorian President Lenín Moreno said on 27 July 2018 that he had begun talks with British authorities to withdraw the asylum for Assange.[4] On 11 April 2019, Ecuador withdrew Assange's asylum and he was arrested by the Metropolitan Police shortly afterwards.[5] His lawyers said they will fight extradition to the United States.[6]

In November 2019, it was reported that Assange is in bad health, has depression and "could die in prison" if not hospitalized.[7][8]

As of 2024's second quarter, Assange's extradition case is under appeal, in the British justice system.[9] Earlier (February 24, 2020), the extradition to the United States hearing (a pre-trial discussion in a court) for Assange began in London. On March 26, 2024, London’s High Court gave "the U.S. government three weeks to provide satisfactory assurances Assange will receive a fair trial; have his first amendment free speech rights protected; and will not face the death penalty if he is extradited from the U.K. to the United States".[10][11]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Mystery Hacker: Who Is WikiLeaks Founder Julian Assange?". time.com. Archived from the original on August 25, 2013. Retrieved December 15, 2010.
  2. "Julian Assange: Readers' Choice for TIME's Person of the Year 2010". newsfeed.time.com. 13 December 2010. Retrieved December 17, 2010.
  3. "Ecuador grants WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange citizenship". The Independent. 2018-01-11. Retrieved 2018-01-11.
  4. Barnes, Tom (27 July 2018). "Assange will be removed from London embassy 'eventually', Ecuador says". The Independent. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  5. "Julian Assange arrested in London: Live updates - CNN". 2019-04-11. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  6. "Assange lawyer: We'll be fighting extradition to U.S." MSNBC.
  7. Doctors say ailing Assange needs medical care in hospital
  8. Julian Assange's health is so bad he 'could die in prison', say 60 doctors
  9. https://www.nrk.no/urix/julian-assange-far-anke-utleveringa-til-usa-1.16889459. Retrieved 2024-05-21
  10. https://www.politico.eu/article/julian-assange-temporary-reprieve-fight-extradition-us-espionage-charges/. Retrieved 2024-03-26
  11. Wamsley, Laurel (24 February 2020). "Julian Assange Extradition Hearing Begins in London". NPR.