List of World Heritage Sites in Poland
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World Heritage Sites[change | change source]
|Cracow's Historic Centre||Kraków
||11th–19th century||29; 1978;
|Kraków Old Town is the historic central district of Kraków, Poland. It is one of the most famous old districts in Poland today. It was the center of Poland's political life from 1038 until King Sigismund III Vasa moved his court to Warsaw in 1596. The entire medieval old town is one of the first sites picked for the UNESCO's World Heritage List.|
|Wieliczka Salt Mine||Wieliczka
||13th-20th century||32; 1978;
|The Wieliczka Salt Mine, in the town of Wieliczka in southern Poland, is in the Kraków metropolitan area. The mine continuously produced table salt from the 13th century until 2007. It was one of the world's oldest operating salt mines. It is believed to be the world's 14th-oldest company.|
|Auschwitz Birkenau, German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940–1945)||Oświęcim
|Auschwitz was a network of Nazi concentration and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II. It was the largest of the German concentration camps.|
|Belovezhskaya Pushcha / Białowieża Forest||Belarus and Poland
|The Białowieża Forest is an ancient woodland across the border between the two countries. It is 70 km (43 mi) north of Brest (Belarus) and 62 km (39 mi) south-east of Białystok (Poland). It is one of the last and largest remaining parts of the large primeval forest which once went across the European Plain. The first recorded piece of legislation on the protection of the forest dates to 1538. King Sigismund I the Old would give the death penalty for poaching a wisent (European bison).|
|Historic Centre of Warsaw||Warsaw
||13th–20th century||30; 1980;
|Warsaw's Old Town was formed in the 13th century. At first it was surrounded by an earthwork rampart. Before 1339 it was fortified with brick city walls. The town first grew up around the castle of the Dukes of Mazovia. It later became the Royal Castle.|
|Old City of Zamość||Zamość
||1582–17th century||564; 1992;
|Jan Zamoyski had the Italian architect Bernardo Morando design the city. The main features of the Old Town that make it different have been well preserved since it was built. It includes the regular Great Market Square of 100 x 100 meters with the splendid Townhall and so-called Armenian houses, as well as the fragments of the original fortress and fortifications, including those from the period of the Russian occupation in the 19th century.|
|Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork||Malbork
||13th-14th century||847; 1997;
ii, iii, iv
|The Castle in Malbork is the largest castle in the world by area. It was built in Prussia by the Teutonic Knights, a German Roman Catholic religious order of crusaders, in a form of an Ordensburg fortress. The Order named it Marienburg (Mary's Castle). The town which grew around it was also named Marienburg. The castle is a classic example of a medieval fortress, and on its completion in 1406 was the world's largest brick Gothic castle.|
|Medieval Town of Toruń||Toruń
||12th–15th century||835; 1997;
|Toruń has many monuments of architecture beginning from the Middle Ages, including 200 military structures. The city is famous for having kept almost intact its medieval layout and many Gothic buildings, all built from brick, including monumental churches, the Town Hall and many burgher houses. In 1236, due to frequent flooding, the city was moved to the present site of the Old Town. In 1264 the nearby New Town was founded. In 1280, the city (or as it was then, both cities) joined the mercantile Hanseatic League, and became an important medieval trade centre.|
|Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: the Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage Park||Kalwaria Zebrzydowska
|The town is named after the religious complex (calvary) founded by Governor of Kraków Mikołaj Zebrzydowski on December 1, 1602. The complex is known as the Kalwaria Zebrzydowska park. The city of Zebrzydów was formed in 1617 in order to house the growing number of pilgrims visiting the religious complex.|
|Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica||Jawor, Świdnica
iii, iv, vi
|The Churches of Peace in Jawor and Świdnica in Silesia were named after the Peace of Westphalia of 1648. The let the Lutherans in the Roman Catholic parts of Silesia to build three Evangelical churches from wood, loam and straw outside the city walls, without steeples and church bells. The construction time was limited to one year.|
|Wooden Churches of Southern Lesser Poland||Lesser Poland Voivodeship
||15th-18th century||1053; 2003;
|The wooden church style of the region originated in the late Medieval, the late sixteenth century, and began with Gothic ornament and polychrome detail. Because they were timber construction, the structure, general form, and feeling is entirely different from the gothic architecture or Polish Gothic (in stone or brick).|
|Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski||Germany and Poland
|The Muskau Park is the largest and one of the most famous English gardens of Germany and Poland. It is in the historic Upper Lusatia region. It covers 3.5 square kilometers (1.4 sq mi) of land in Poland and 2.1 km2 (0.81 sq mi) in Germany.|
i, ii, iv
|The Centennial Hall (formerly People's Hall) is a historic building in Wrocław. It was constructed according to the plans of architect Max Berg in 1911–1913, when the city was part of the German Empire. It was an early landmark of reinforced concrete architecture.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to World Heritage Sites in Poland.|
References[change | change source]
- Gustafson, Ingrid; Inc, Let's Go (2007). Let's Go Eastern Europe 13th Edition. Macmillan. p. 444. ISBN 978-0-312-37446-4.
- Properties inscribed on the World Heritage list, Poland. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Last updated: 3 September 2010
- 2nd session of the Committee UNESCO World Heritage Committee. Washington, D.C. 5–8 September 1978.
- UNESCO World Heritage Committee. (2007-06-28). World Heritage Committee approves Auschwitz name change". Press release. The World Heritage Committee has approved Poland's request to change the name of Auschwitz on UNESCO's World Heritage List. After international consultations, the property, listed as "Auschwitz Concentration Camp" in 1979, is to have the title of "Auschwitz Birkenau" and the subtitle of "German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940–1945)".
- (in English) Shmuel Krakowski (1994). The Satellite Camps. Gutman and Berenbaum. p. 50.
- A. Kędziora: Encyklopedia miasta Zamościa. Chełm: Towarzystwo Opieki nad Zabytkami, 2000
- Malbork Castle (with an area of 143,591 square meters), the largest castle in the world by KML Area Calculator. Touropia, the Travel List Website: "10 Largest Castles in the World." Accessed 6 April 2011.
- Toppen, Max (1858). Historisch-comparative Geographie von Preussen: Nach den Quellen, Namentlich auch Archivalischen. J. Perthes. p. 167.