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Nasreddin Hoca
A 17th-century miniature of Nasiruddin, from the collection of the Topkapı Palace Museum

Nasreddin (/næsˈrɛdɪn/[1]) or Nasreddin Hodja or Mulla Nasruddin (1208–1284) is a person in the folklore of the Islamic world. According to many sources, he was born in 1208 in the city of Sivrihisar, Province of Eskişehir, Turkey[2] and died in 1275 or 1284 CE in Konya under the Seljuq rule. He is seen as a hero of satirical short interesting stories and funny small stories.[3]

He is known for his stories as a wise man with humour. Nasreddin studied from a school in Sivrihisar and after his basic education, he took up the duty of imam at a village in his hometown. After his father's death, Nasreddin became a member of a Muslim religious group that has an energetic dance as part of its worship of Mahmoud al-Hirani by going to Aq Shahir, one of the centers of Sufism in that period. Nasreddin, who took civil duties in Akşehir, died in 1284 or 1285 and was buried there.[4][5]

One of his famous Anecdote[change | change source]

One day he sat to give religious lecture to people in a mosque. He said: O believers, do you know what I am going to tell you? They said: No! He said: As long as you do not know, what is the use of talking? He got up and left them.

Then he came back a few days later and repeated the same question to the people, and the people responded, saying: Yes, we know! He said: As long as you know, what is the use of talking? And he left the mosque.

People were confused about him, and they agreed among themselves that if he asked them the same question again, some would answer him with a "yes" and some would answer with a "no".

When he repeated the question for the third time, the people did as they had agreed, but Nasruddin again tricked them and said to them: "So, it is necessary on the one who knows, to teach the one who does not know!!!".[6]

Legacy[change | change source]

Nasreddin's statue in Ankara

In 1943, the Soviet movie Nasreddin in Bukhara was directed by Yakov Protazanov based on Solovyov's book, followed in 1947 by a film called The Adventures of Nasreddin, directed by Nabi Ganiyev [uz] and also set in the Uzbekistan SSR.[7]

1996–1997 was declared International Nasreddin Year by UNESCO.[8][9]

The International Nasreddin Hodja festival is celebrated between 5 and 10 July every year in Akşehir, a district in Konya.[10]

In 2020, an application to include "Joke-Telling tradition of Nasreddin Khoja" in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage list was jointly submitted by the governments of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkey and Turkmenistan.[11][12]

References[change | change source]

  1. Turkish: Nasreddin Hoca, Ottoman Turkish: نصر الدين خواجه, Nasreddīn Hodja, Persian: خواجه نصرالدین, Pashto: ملا نصرالدین, Arabic: نصرالدین جحا / : Naṣraddīn Juḥā, Urdu: ملا نصر الدین / Bosnian: Nasrudin Hodža, Albanian: Nastradin Hoxha, Nastradini, Romanian: Nastratin Hogea
  2. Mitchell, Colin P. (3 March 2011). New Perspectives on Safavid Iran: Empire and Society. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-136-99194-3. Retrieved 2 February 2024.
  3. Hunziker, Sara (2019). Ramona, Mihaila (ed.). Myth, Symbol, and Ritual: Elucidatory Paths to the Fantastic Unreality. University of Bucharest. pp. 357–361. ISBN 978-6-061-61037-2.
  4. "Nasreddin Hoca". All About Turkey. Retrieved 3 April 2024.
  5. "The Pot That Died: Folktales of Type 1592B". University of Pittsburgh.
  6. "** Nasreddin Al Khoja **". (in Arabic). Retrieved 2 February 2024.
  7. "Cinema of Uzbekistan list on". Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2024.
  8. "Nasiruddin Hojja in retrospect - -". The Daily Observer. Retrieved 2 February 2024.
  9. Khan, Dr. Ahmed. "Commentary:The Exploits of the Incomparable Mulla Nasrudin and The Subtleties of the Inimitable Mulla Nasrudin". Retrieved 2 February 2024.
  10. "International Festival "Akşehir - Nasreddin Hodja Events" (5 – 10 July 2022)". EAFF - European Association of Folklore Festivals. Retrieved 2024-02-05.
  11. "Top 10 Remarkable Facts about Nasreddin". Discover Walks Blog. 1 November 2022.
  12. ""Lista del patrimonio cultural inmaterial" ya se puede visitar virtualmente | TRT Español". (in European Spanish). Retrieved 5 February 2024.

Other websites[change | change source]