Natalee Holloway (born October 21, 1986), from Mountain Brook, Alabama, United States, disappeared on May 30, 2005 during a graduation trip in Aruba. Holloway remains officially missing to this day, although according to Aruban authorities, she is most likely dead. The disappearance generated a media sensation in both the U.S. and Aruba and sparked considerable interest in the Netherlands.
Holloway was scheduled to fly home later on May 30, but failed to appear for her flight. She was last seen by her classmates outside Carlos'n Charlie's, a Caribbean chain restaurant and nightclub in Oranjestad, in a car with locals Joran van der Sloot and brothers Deepak and Satish Kalpoe. When questioned, the three men said they dropped her off at her hotel and denied knowing what became of Holloway. Upon further investigation by authorities, Van der Sloot was arrested twice on suspicion of involvement in her disappearance and the Kalpoes were each arrested three times. Due to lack of evidence the three men were released without charge after each arrest.
Holloway background[change | change source]
Natalee Ann Holloway was born October 21, 1986, in Clinton, Mississippi, the daughter of David Edward Holloway and Elizabeth Ann ("Beth") Holloway. Her parents divorced in 1993, and she and her younger brother Matthew were raised by their mother. In 2000, Elizabeth Holloway married George "Jug" Twitty, a prominent Alabama businessman, and Natalee moved with her family to Mountain Brook, Alabama. Holloway graduated with honors from Mountain Brook High School. She was also a member of the National Honor Society, her school Dance squad, and was a participant in other extracurricular activities.
Disappearance[change | change source]
On Thursday, May 26, 2005, Holloway and 124 fellow graduates of Mountain Brook High School, located in a wealthy suburb of Birmingham, Alabama, arrived in Aruba for a five-day, unofficial graduation trip. The graduates were accompanied by seven chaperones. According to teacher and chaperone Bob Plummer, the chaperones met with the students each day to ensure nothing was wrong. However, Jodi Bearman—the chaperone who organized the trip—has stated, "the chaperones were not supposed to keep up with their every move". Police Commissioner Gerold Dompig, who would head the investigation from mid-2005 until 2006, described the behavior of the Mountain Brook students, stating there was "wild partying, a lot of drinking, lots of room switching every night. We know the Holiday Inn told them they weren't welcome next year. Natalee, we know, she drank all day every day.
Holloway was last seen by her classmates leaving the Aruban bar and night club Carlos'n Charlie's around 1:30 a.m. on Monday, May 30. Holloway left with 17-year-old Joran van der Sloot, a Dutch honors student living in Aruba and attending the Aruba International School, and his two Surinamese friends, 21-year-old Deepak Kalpoe and 18-year-old Satish Kalpoe, in Deepak Kalpoe's car. Holloway, who had been scheduled to fly home later on May 30, did not appear for her return flight.
Early investigation[change | change source]
On May 30, 2005, immediately following Holloway's missed flight, Jug and Beth Twitty traveled to Aruba with friends by private jet. Within four hours of landing in Aruba, the Twittys presented the Aruban police with the name and address of Van der Sloot as the person with whom Holloway left the nightclub. Beth Twitty has stated that Van der Sloot's full name was given to her by the night manager at the Holiday Inn, who supposedly recognized him on a videotape. The Twittys and their friends, with two Aruban policemen, went to the Van der Sloot home looking for Holloway. Van der Sloot initially denied knowing Holloway's name, but he then told the following story, with which Deepak Kalpoe, who was present, agreed. Van der Sloot related that they drove Holloway to the California Lighthouse area of Arashi Beach because Holloway wanted to see sharks, before dropping Holloway off at her hotel around 2:00 a.m. According to Van der Sloot, Holloway fell down as she exited the car but refused Van der Sloot's help. He stated that she was then approached by a dark man in a black shirt similar to those worn by security guards as the young men drove away.
The search for physical evidence was extensive and, on occasion, subject to false leads; for example, a possible blood sample taken from Deepak Kalpoe's car was tested but determined not to be blood.
Arrests[change | change source]
On June 9, 2005, Van der Sloot and the Kalpoe brothers were arrested on suspicion of kidnapping and murdering Holloway. Aruban law allows for arrest on serious suspicion from investigators; to continue holding the suspect in custody, an increasing evidentiary burden must be met at periodic reviews. According to Dompig, the focus was on these three suspects from the "get-go". Dompig stated that surveillance of the three began three days after Holloway was reported missing, and included surveillance, telephone wire taps, and even monitoring of their e-mail. Dompig indicated pressure from Holloway's family caused them to stop their surveillance prematurely and to detain the three suspects. On Monday, July 4, following hearings before a judge, Deepak and Satish Kalpoe were released, but Joran van der Sloot was detained for an additional sixty days.
On April 15, 2006 Geoffrey von Cromvoirt was arrested by Aruban authorities on suspicion of criminal offenses related to dealing in illegal narcotics that, according to the prosecutor, might have been related to the disappearance of Holloway. At his first court appearance, his detention was extended for eight days. However, Von Cromvoirt was released on April 25, 2006. In addition, another individual with initials "A.B." was arrested on April 22, 2006, but was released the same day.
On May 17, 2006 another suspect Guido Wever the son of a former Aruban politician, was detained in the Netherlands on suspicion of assisting in the abducting, battering, and killing of Holloway. Wever was questioned for six days in Utrecht. While initially Aruban prosecutors sought his transfer to the island, he was instead released by agreement between the prosecutor and Wever's attorney.
With Aruban investigators citing what was described as newly discovered evidence, Joran van der Sloot and Satish and Deepak Kalpoe were rearrested November 21, 2007, on suspicion of involvement in "manslaughter and causing serious bodily harm that resulted in the death of Holloway". Van der Sloot was detained by Dutch authorities in the Netherlands, while the Kalpoe brothers were both detained in Aruba. Van der Sloot subsequently returned to Aruba and was incarcerated.
In November 2007, Dave Holloway announced a new search for his daughter, probing the sea beyond the original 330-foot (100 m) depths in which earlier searches had taken place. That search, involving a vessel called the Persistence, was abandoned due to lack of funds at the end of February 2008 with nothing of significance found.
On November 30, 2007, a judge ordered the release of Satish and Deepak Kalpoe, despite attempts by the prosecution to extend their detention. The two brothers were released on the following day. The prosecution appealed the Kalpoes' release. That appeal was denied on December 5, 2007, with the court writing, "Notwithstanding expensive and lengthy investigations on her disappearance and on people who could be involved, the file against the suspect does not contain direct indications that Natalee passed away due to a violent crime". Van der Sloot was released without charge on December 7, 2007, due to lack of evidence implicating him as well as a lack of evidence that Holloway died as the result of a violent crime. The prosecution indicated it would not appeal.
On December 18, 2007, prosecutor Hans Mos officially declared the case closed, and that no charges would be filed due to lack of evidence. The prosecution indicated a continuing interest in the Kalpoes and Joran van der Sloot (though they are now no longer legally suspects), and alleged that one of the three, in a chat room message, had stated that Holloway was dead. This was hotly contested by Deepak Kalpoe's attorney, who stated that the prosecution, in translating from Papiamento to Dutch, had misconstrued a reference to a teacher who had drowned as one to Holloway. Attorney Ronald Wix also stated, "Unless (Mos) finds a body in the bathroom of one of these kids, there's no way in hell they can arrest them anymore".
Other case developments[change | change source]
On January 31, 2008, Dutch crime reporter Peter R. de Vries claimed that he had solved the Holloway case. De Vries stated that he would tell all on a special television program on Dutch TV on February 3. Beth Twitty's attorney, John Q. Kelly, told ABC News that he had little faith that the supposed evidence would prove pivotal to the case and suggested that it would be quickly debunked.
The broadcast aired February 3, 2008. The broadcast included excerpts from footage recorded from hidden cameras and microphones in the vehicle of Patrick van der Eem, a Dutch businessman and ex-con, who gained Van der Sloot's confidence. Van der Sloot was seen smoking marijuana and stating that he was with Holloway when she began convulsively shaking, then became unresponsive. Van der Sloot stated that he attempted to revive her, without success. He said that he called a friend, who told Van der Sloot to go home and who disposed of the body. An individual reputed to be this friend, identified in the broadcast as Daury, has subsequently denied Van der Sloot's account, indicating that he was then in Rotterdam at school.
On February 8, 2008, Van der Sloot met with Aruban investigators in the Netherlands. Van der Sloot denied that what he said on the tape was true, stating that he was under the influence of marijuana at the time. Van der Sloot indicated that he still maintains that he left Holloway behind on the beach.
On March 20, 2009, Dave Holloway flew a search dog to Aruba to search a small reservoir in northern Aruba, previously identified by a supposed witness as a possible location of Natalee's remains. Aruban authorities indicated that they had no new information in the case, but that Holloway had been given permission to conduct the search.
On February 23, 2010, it was reported that Joran van der Sloot had stated in an interview (first offered to RTL Group in 2009) that he had disposed of Holloway's body in a marsh on Aruba. New chief prosecutor Peter Blanken indicated that authorities had investigated the latest story, and had dismissed it. Blanken stated that "The locations, names, and times he gave just did not make sense".
An underwater photograph taken by an American tourist while snorkeling in October 2009 was publicized in March 2010 after the photographer stated that the image depicted something on the sea bed which resembled human remains. Aruban authorities indicated that they would send a dive team to examine the site.
Beth Twitty's involvement[change | change source]
Beth Twitty alleged in televised interviews that Joran van der Sloot and the Kalpoe brothers know more than they have told, and that at least one of them sexually assaulted or raped her daughter. Twitty has stated that she has received copies of police statements stating that Joran van der Sloot admitted having sex with Holloway at his home and described intimate details of her. She has never released copies of the alleged statement, though she characterizes them as admissions of "sexual assault" and Vinda de Sousa, former Holloway–Twitty family Aruban attorney, has indicated that no such admission was made. In addition, Dompig has denied that any such statement was made, stating that Van der Sloot and the Kalpoe brothers consistently denied having sex with Holloway.
Twitty has been criticized for her focus on Joran van der Sloot and the Kalpoe brothers, to the exclusion of any other theory as to what happened to Holloway. According to the lawsuit filed by the Kalpoe brothers, she has (on various television programs) repeatedly accused them, and Joran van der Sloot, of "sexual assault" and "gang rape" of her daughter.
Following the airing of the De Vries program, Beth Twitty, adhering to the position that the tapes represent the way events transpired, told the New York Post that she believes her daughter might still be alive if Van der Sloot had called for help. She contends that Van der Sloot dumped Holloway's body, possibly alive, into the Caribbean. Twitty also alleges that the individual Joran van der Sloot supposedly called that evening was his father, Paulus, who, according to Twitty, "orchestrated what to do next". She, and Dave Holloway, alleged that Joran van der Sloot was receiving "special legal favors". After the court decision not to rearrest Van der Sloot was affirmed, Twitty stated, "I think that what I do take comfort in, his life is a living hell", later adding, "I'd be good with a Midnight Express prison anywhere for Joran.
Twitty's book Loving Natalee: A Mother's Testament of Hope and Faith,written under the name "Beth Holloway", which she has resumed following her divorce from Jug Twitty, was released on October 2, 2007. The release was accompanied by a number of TV appearances, including a full hour on On the Record. A television movie, titled "Natalee Holloway", based in part on Beth Twitty's book, was made by LMN (formerly the Lifetime Movie Network). Twitty continues to make television appearances when there are new developments in the case.
Lifetime movie[change | change source]
In October 2008, the Lifetime Movie Network (LMN) announced plans to create a television movie, The Natalee Holloway Story, based on Beth Twitty's book Loving Natalee: A Mother's Testament of Hope and Faith. The senior vice president of original movies, Tanya Lopez, stated in the announcement that the network was "pleased to be working closely with Natalee's mother" and that they intended to tell the story of Holloway's disappearance "sensitively and accurately". The movie was expected to focus on Beth Twitty's involvement in the search for Holloway. The movie, which aired April 19, 2009, under the title "Natalee Holloway", stars Tracy Pollan as Beth Holloway, Grant Show as George "Jug" Twitty, and Amy Gumenick as Natalee Holloway. The movie brought in the highest television ratings in Lifetime's 11 year history, with average viewership of 3.2 million people and more than 1 million women in the 18-49 age bracket. Although the movie set ratings records for Lifetime, the movie was not received well by critic Alec Harvey of The Birmingham News. Harvey called the movie "sloppy and uneven, a forgettable look at the tragedy that consumed the nation's attention for months".
Media coverage[change | change source]
U.S. television networks devoted much air time to the search for Holloway, the investigation of her disappearance, and rumors surrounding the case. Greta Van Susteren, host of Fox News' On The Record, and Nancy Grace on CNN's Headline News were among the most prominent television personalities to devote time to the incident. Van Susteren's almost continuous coverage of the story caused On The Record to get its best ratings to date, while Grace's show became the cornerstone of the new "Headline Prime" block on Headline News, which ran two episodes (a live show and a repeat) every night during prime-time. As the case wore on, much of the attention was given to Beth Twitty and her statements. Aruban government spokesman Ruben Trapenberg stated, "The case is under a microscope, and the world is watching". Locally, the Aruban press published extensive news on the story in Dutch, English, and Papiamento.
The saturation of coverage triggered a backlash among some critics who argued that such extensive media attention validates the "missing white woman syndrome" theory, which argues that missing-person cases involving white skinned women and girls receive disproportionate attention in the media compared with cases involving white males or people of color. CNN ran a segment criticizing the amount of coverage their competitors gave to the story despite what they characterized as a lack of new items to report, with CNN news anchor Anderson Cooper calling the coverage "downright ridiculous".
Early in the case, political commentator and columnist Arianna Huffington wrote, "If you were to get your news only from television, you'd think the top issue facing our country right now is an 18-year-old girl named Natalee who went missing in Aruba. Every time one of these stories comes up, like, say, Michael Jackson, when it's finally over I think, what a relief, now we can get back to real news. But we never do".
In March 2008, El Diario commented, "But if doubts persist about cases involving missing Latinas, there are reasons why. These cases rarely receive the attention and resources we see given to other missing persons. The English-language media, for example, appear to be focused on the stories of missing white women, such as with the disappearance of Natalee Holloway in Aruba. Cases of missing Latina and African American women often remain faceless, when they are even covered".
References[change | change source]
- "Did Witness Lie in Holloway Case?". Associated Press. 2006-04-25. http://www.wtok.com/news/headlines/2689196.html. Retrieved 2007-11-28. "Aruban authorities say he remains a suspect in the May 30, 2005, disappearance of the Clinton, Mississippi, native."
- Holloway, Dave; R. Stephanie Good and Larry Garrison (April 2006). "Everybody's Child / Aruba". Aruba: the Tragic Untold Story of Natalee Holloway and Corruption in Paradise. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson. ISBN 1595550631. OCLC 63472537.
- "Ala. girl missing in Aruba called 'dependable' by friends". Court TV. 2005-06-06. http://www.courttv.com/news/2005/0606/aruba_ap.html. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
- "Alabama town hopes for safe return of missing teen". Court TV. 2005-06-07. http://www.courttv.com/news/2005/0607/missingteen_ap.html. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
- "Transcript: Holloway Chaperone Speaks Out". On the Record. 2006-02-24. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,186017,00.html. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
- "Three Aruba suspects going to prison". Fox News. 2005-06-15. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,159970,00.html. Retrieved 2008-03-08. "Police Superintendent Jan van der Straaten told The Associated Press Croes was detained based on information from one of the other three detainees."
- "Lawyer: Missing Alabama teen went to beach with men before she disappeared". Court TV. 2005-06-10. http://www.courttv.com/news/2005/0610/aruba_ap.html. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
- "Seeking information: Disappearance of Natalee Ann Holloway". Federal Bureau of Investigation. http://www.fbi.gov/wanted/seekinfo/holloway.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
- "Two brothers freed in Aruba". AP via MSNBC. 2005-07-05. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8435397/. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
- "Judge: Both suspects can be held in Alabama teenager's disappearance in Aruba". Court TV. 2005-06-08. http://www.courttv.com/news/2005/0608/aruba_ap.html. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
- "Dutch Teen Tells 'Primetime' About Night With Natalee Holloway". ABC News. 2006-02-23. http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=news/national_world&id=3935503. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- Hansen, Chris (2008-02-22). "The search for Natalee Holloway". NBC News. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/23301056/page/2/. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- "Three more arrested in Aruba case of missing teen". CNN. 2005-06-09. http://www.courttv.com/news/2005/0609/holloway_cnn.html. Retrieved 2007-06-05.
- "Three Suspects in Holloway Case Change Stories". FOXNews. 2005-06-13. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,159327,00.html. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
- "Scarborough Country for June 10". MSNBC. 2005-06-13. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8205946/. Retrieved 2007-07-15.
- "Mother of missing Ala. teen asks countries to deny freed brothers asylum". AP. 2005-07-06. http://www.courttv.com/news/2005/0706/arubamother_ap.html. Retrieved 2008-03-23.
- "Judge frees two Aruba suspects". BBC News. 2005-06-04. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4650727.stm. Retrieved 2008-03-22.
- "Lawyer: Joran doesn't know man arrested in Holloway case". ABC News. 2006-04-17. http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/story?id=1849859. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
- "Prosecutors: Holloway suspect van (sic) Cromvoirt freed". CNN. 2006-04-24. http://www.cnn.com/2006/LAW/04/24/holloway/?eref=yahoo. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
- "Suspect in Holloway case to be released". CNN. 2006-05-22. http://www.cnn.com/2006/LAW/05/22/holloway/index.html. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
- "Lawyer: Natalee Holloway suspect "is gay"". FOXNews. 2006-03-23. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,196571,00.html. Retrieved 2007-08-24.
- "3 re-arrested in Aruba disappearance of U.S. teen". CNN – Associated Press. 2007-11-21. http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/americas/11/21/holloway.arrest.ap/?iref=mpstoryview. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
- Wever, Margaret (2007-11-22). "Missing Teen's Father to Search for Body". Washington Post (AP). http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/11/22/AR2007112200288.html. Retrieved 2007-11-25.
- Cisneros, Cynthia (2008-02-28). "Holloway searchers need help". ABC KRTK. http://abclocal.go.com/ktrk/story?section=news/local&id=5988951. Retrieved 2008-03-02.
- "2 suspects to be freed in Holloway case". Associated Press. 2007-11-30. http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory?id=3938297. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
- Studio B. Greta Van Susteren and Neil Cavuto. Fox News Channel, New York. 2007-11-30.
- "Brothers in Holloway case walk away from jails – again". CNN. 2007-12-01. http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/americas/12/01/aruba.holloway/. Retrieved 2007-12-01.
- "Judge denies appeal in release of two suspects in Holloway case". Associated Press. 2007-12-05. Archived from the original on 2007-12-05. http://220.127.116.11/search?q=cache:XhlcrFdzNYYJ:www.clintonnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article%3FAID%3D/D0/20071205/NEWS/71205033+%22Judge+denies+appeal+in+release+of+two+suspects+in+Holloway+case%22&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=2&gl=us. Retrieved 2007-12-07.
- "Van der Sloot ordered released from Aruba jail". CNN. 2007-12-07. http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/americas/12/07/aruba/index.html. Retrieved 2007-12-07.
- "Cracking the Holloway Case?". Newsweek. 2008-02-08. http://www.newsweek.com/id/109260. Retrieved 2008-03-08. "Last December the case was officially closed for lack of evidence."
- "Natalee Holloway Case Closed for Lack of Evidence". People Magazine. 2007-12-18. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20166961,00.html?xid=rss-fullcontentcnn. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- "Defense Response to Aruban Prosecutors". USA Today – Associated Press. 2007-12-21. http://www.usatoday.com/news/topstories/2007-12-21-3066205443_x.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
- "Aruban Authorities Reveal 'Proof' In Case Of Missing Teen". Associated Press. 2007-12-20. http://www.citynews.ca/news/news_17884.aspx. Retrieved 2007-12-23.
- "Reporter Claims to Crack Natalee Holloway Case". ABC News. 2008-01-31. http://abcnews.go.com/TheLaw/Story?id=4230840&page=1. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Chris Francescani; Christine Brouwer (2008-02-08). "Investigators grill Joran van der Sloot". ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/TheLaw/story?id=4263979&page=1. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
- "Natalee will never be found, says Joran". DutchNews.nl. 2008-02-03. http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2008/02/natalee_will_never_be_found_says_joran.php. Retrieved 2008-02-07.
- "Hidden camera shows Dutch student saying Natalee Holloway died on Aruba beach". FOXNews. 2008-02-04. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,327970,00.html. Retrieved 2008-02-03.
- "Mystery man in Holloway case comes forward". ABC News. 2008-02-05. http://abcnews.go.com/TheLaw/2020/story?id=4239135&page=1. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
- "Holloway’s father sends search dog to Aruba". MSNBC. 2009-03-20. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/29798259/. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- "Natalee Holloway confession called "fantasy"". msnbc.com. 2010-02-23. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/35533792/ns/world_news-americas//. Retrieved 2010-02-23.
- "Aruban divers to inspect site where couple says they saw human remains". CNN. 2010-03-21. http://www.cnn.com/2010/CRIME/03/20/aruba.photo.remains/. Retrieved 2010-02-21.
- "'The Abrams Report' for April 19". MSNBC. 2006-04-20. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/12405242/. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
- "Aruban police say new tapes could spur arrests". MSNBC. 2005-10-12. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/9676188/. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
- "Man says he did not assault Holloway; teen's mom disagrees". USA Today. 2005-09-27. http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2005-09-27-aruba-teen_x.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- "Holloway's Anguished Mother: Tape Confession Means Natalee Could Have Been Saved". FOXNews. 2008-02-05. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,328629,00.html. Retrieved 2008-02-05.
- "Deadline for Van der Sloot close, Natalee's parents worried strings being pulled". NBC 13. 2008-02-12. http://www.nbc13.com/gulfcoastwest/vtm/news.apx.-content-articles-VTM-2008-02-12-0012.html. Retrieved 2008-02-13.
- "Natalee Holloway's parents still have hope for justice". NBC 13. 2008-02-15. http://www.nbc13.com/gulfcoastwest/vtm/news.apx.-content-articles-VTM-2008-02-15-0020.html. Retrieved 2008-02-17.
- "New Book, Few Leads On Holloway Anniversary". MSNBC. June 2007.
- "LMN preps Natalee Holloway story". The Hollywood Reporter. 2008-10-07. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/content_display/television/news/e3ieb736b6e0cb66025321a34467d06c17c. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
- Kissel, Rick (2009-04-20). "Lifetime Movie scores with 'Holloway". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118002635.html?categoryid=14&cs=1&nid=2562. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
- "Lifetime planning Natalee Holloway movie". University Media Alliance. 2008-10-08. http://www.upi.com/Entertainment_News/2008/10/07/Lifetime-planning-Natalee-Holloway-movie/UPI-71421223415829/. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
- "Natalee Holloway Movie site". "myLifetime.com". http://www.mylifetime.com/on-tv/movies/natalee-holloway. Retrieved 2009-04-02.
- Harvey, Alec (2009-04-17). "'Natalee Holloway' a disappointing TV movie". The Birmingham News. http://blog.al.com/aharvey/2009/04/natalee_holloway_a_disappointi.html. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
- "From paradise to paradox in Aruba". St. Petersburg Times. 2005-08-22. http://www.sptimes.com/2005/08/22/Worldandnation/From_paradise_to_para.shtml. Retrieved 2008-05-04. "On the Record with Greta Van Susteren, who is averaging more than 2-million viewers a night, up almost 60 percent from a year ago."
- Kosinski, Michelle (2005-08-24). "How mom keeps spotlight on the Holloway case". NBC News. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/9065827/. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
- "Anderson Cooper 360° – Transcript (Aired August 11, 2005 - 19:00 ET)". 2005-08-11. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0508/11/acd.01.html. Retrieved 2007-11-28. "We decided to start tracking their coverage, because to be honest, it's getting downright ridiculous. – Cooper"
- "Justice for Reyna Isabel". El Diario. 2008-03-17.