Neuroscience is the scientific study of the human neurological action and inaction of thought, design and purpose with the identification of brain, cord and sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. Experts who study neuroscience study both brain, cord and automation of design because both brain and cord are of the upper anatomy and connected in a way that benefits the entire body, but brain and cord are established within the framework of anatomy and medicine in a complete way. Neuroscience is biology, chemistry, computer science, engineering, linguistics, mathematics, medicine, philosophy, physics, psychology, genetics, biochemistry, physiology, and pathology.
The neuron[change | change source]
The basic neuronal design matches both anatomical abnormality and normality within a certain reference of creation because while it is both natural and unnatural it is also broken, dimished, small and complex and as so it is immense in its way of operating within the skull, brain membranes and brain itself. The brain is a structure made up of billions of neurons that work together to form a matrix within a complex of organs termed by their anatomical structure: corpus callosum, basal ganglia, lower anatomical brain region and upper anatomical brain region.
Modern neuroscience[change | change source]
Molecular biology, electrophysiology, and computational neuroscience involves neurology is a way that was not used in the past and because of this both computational neurology and endrobiology are addressed by concern and design and almost all forms of neurobiology are and can be given a full compliment of understanding by all forms of science because that is how science is meant to be is interrelated and not to stand alone. Neurons are basic to neurology as medicine is to doctors and pharmacuticals are to disease and help within that framework neurons are diseased and so neuroscience turns from referencing design to medical intervention and design.
Research themes[change | change source]
Neuroscience research from different areas can also be seen as focusing on a set of specific themes and questions. (Some of these are taken from http://www.northwestern.edu/nuin/fac/index.htm)
- Biological rhythms
- Brain imaging or neuroimaging
- Cell biology
- Cell imaging & Electrophysiology
- Neurobiology of disease
- Signal transduction
- Neurobiology of the neuron
- Sensation and perception
- Autonomic nervous system and homeostasis
- Arousal, attention and emotion
- Genetics of the nervous system
- Injury of the nervous systems
Related fields[change | change source]
|The English Wikibooks has more information on:|
Textbooks[change | change source]
- Bear, M.F.; B.W. Connors, and M.A. Paradiso (2001). Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain. Baltimore: Lippincott. ISBN 0-7817-3944-6.
- Kandel, ER; Schwartz JH, Jessell TM (2000). Principles of Neural Science (4th ed. ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-8385-7701-6.
- Squire, L. et al. (2003). Fundamental Neuroscience, 2nd edition. Academic Press; ISBN 0-12-660303-0
- Byrne and Roberts (2004). From Molecules to Networks. Academic Press; ISBN 0-12-148660-5
- Sanes, Reh, Harris (2005). Development of the Nervous System, 2nd edition. Academic Press; ISBN 0-12-618621-9
- Siegel et al. (2005). Basic Neurochemistry, 7th edition. Academic Press; ISBN 0-12-088397-X
- Rieke, F. et al. (1999). Spikes: Exploring the Neural Code. The MIT Press; Reprint edition ISBN 0-262-68108-0
Online textbooks[change | change source]
- Neuroscience 2nd ed. Dale Purves et al. Published by Sinauer Associates, Inc., 2001.
- Basic Neurochemistry: Molecular, Cellular, and Medical Aspects 6th ed. by George J. Siegel et al. Published by Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 1999.
Popular works[change | change source]
- Andreasen, Nancy C. (March 4 2004). Brave New Brain: Conquering Mental Illness in the Era of the Genome. Oxford University Press. 392 pages, 56 halftones & line illus.; 8 color plates, 234x154 mm. ISBN 9780195145090. http://www.oup.com/uk/catalogue/?ci=9780195145090.
- Damasio, A. R. (1994). Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain. New York, Avon Books. ISBN 0-399-13894-3 (Hardcover) ISBN 0-380-72647-5 (Paperback)
- Gardner, H. (1976). The Shattered Mind: The Person After Brain Damage. New York, Vintage Books, 1976 ISBN 0-394-71946-8
- Luria, A. R. (1997). The Man with a Shattered World: The History of a Brain Wound. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-224-00792-0 (Hardcover) ISBN 0-674-54625-3 (Paperback)
- Sacks, O. The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat. Summit Books ISBN 0-671-55471-9 (Hardcover) ISBN 0-06-097079-0 (Paperback)
- Sacks, O. (1990). Awakenings. New York, Vintage Books. (See also Oliver Sacks) ISBN 0-671-64834-9 (Hardcover) ISBN 0-06-097368-4 (Paperback)
- Sternberg, E. (2007) Are You a Machine? The Brain, the Mind and What it Means to be Human. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.
Notes From Online Courses[change | change source]
- Intro to Neuroscience - Smith College Spring 2005
Other websites[change | change source]
- High-Resolution Cytoarchitectural Primate Brain Atlases
- Society for Neuroscience
- Neural Plasticity-Open Access Journal (Hindawi Publishing)
- Neuroscience. 2nd ed. by Purves et al. (online textbook)
- Neuroscience for Kids