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Operation Poseidon Archer

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Operation Poseidon Archer
Part of the Red Sea Crisis

Tomahawk missiles being launched from a U.S. destroyer during Operation Poseidon Archer
Date12 January 2024–present[2]
Location
Houthi-controlled Yemen and the Red Sea
Belligerents

 United States
 United Kingdom

Houthi Houthi
Backed by
 Iran[a]
Units involved

Units involved:
Houthi Houthi movement
Casualties and losses
One MQ-9 Reaper shot down[3]

Operation Poseidon Archer is an ongoing military operation by the United States and United Kingdom against the Houthi movement.[7][2][8] The military operation started during the Red Sea Crisis. The operation, consisting of missile airstrikes against the Houthis, has resulted in the deaths of at least 22 Houthi members.[4]

Timeline

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On the morning on 12 January 2024, a coalition launched a large-scale missile attack against the Houthi movement in Yemen.[9][10] The coalition consisted of the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Bahrain, Canada and the Netherlands. This coalition attack was the beginning of Operation Poseidon Archer.[2][7]

On 13 January, the USS Carney launched missiles towards and destroyed a Houthi radar facility at the al-Dailami Air Base in Yemen.[11][12]

On 16 January 2024 at about 4:15 a.m. Sanaa time, the United States conducted an operation against the Houthi movement amid the Red Sea Crisis.[13][14] According to the United States military, four anti-ship ballistic missile were destroyed.[15] It was also reported that the missiles were “prepared to launch” and “presented an imminent threat to both merchant and U.S. Navy ships”.[13]

On 17 January 2024, the United States conducted a set of military airstrikes on the Iranian-backed Houthi movement in Yemen amid the Red Sea Crisis.[14][16] The strike occurred approximately 6 p.m. EST. According to the United States military, the strike destroyed 14 missiles which were on launch rails and could have been fired at any time against civilian merchant ships or against the United States Navy.[17] The United States also stated the strike worked to "degrade the Houthi’s capabilities to continue their reckless attacks on international and commercial shipping in the Red Sea, the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait, and the Gulf of Aden".[13][14]

On 18 January, the United States conducted two airstrikes. The airstrikes destroyed two Houthi anti-ship missiles.[18]

On 19 January, the United States conducted airstrikes against Houthi. The airstrikes destroyed three Houthi anti-ship missiles.[19]

On 20 January, the United States conducted an airstrike against Houthi. The airstrike destroyed an anti-ship missile. The U.S. also stated the missile was destroyed in "self-defense".[20]

On 22 January, the United States and United Kingdom conducted major airstrikes against Houthi-controlled Yemen.[21] The strike targeted a Houthi underground storage facility and locations associated with the Houthis' missile and air surveillance capabilities. The UK confirms that four RAF Typhoons took part in the airstrikes.[22]

On 24 January, Houthis claimed to have attacked U.S. destroyers and other warships in the Red Sea. This attack supposed to be in response to Operation Poseidon Archer. Houthis claimed to have directly hit a U.S. destroyer with a missile during the attack.[23] This attack was denied to have occurred by the United States government.[24]

On 26 January, the Houthis launched an anti-ship ballistic missile towards the USS Carney. The Carney defended herself and shot the missile down. No damage or injuries occurred to the ship.[25]

On 3 February, the US and UK bombed 36 Houthi sites in Yemen. They targeted places like underground facilities, places where drones are kept and used, missile systems, radars, and helicopters. This happened in 13 different areas controlled by the Houthis. They did this to weaken the Houthis' power.[26]

On 6 February, the Houthis said they had targeted US and British ships in two attacks in the Red Sea, causing minor damage but no casualties.[27]

On 10 February, Houthi media announced the names of 17 fighters who were killed in the US-UK strikes. The announcement came after public funerals were held in Sana'a.[4]

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  1. Both Iran and the Houthi movement deny that Iran is involved or is backing the Houthis.[1]

References

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  1. "Who are Yemen's Houthis? Iran-allied group threatens Red Sea shipping" (News article). Reuters. 14 December 2023. Archived from the original on 11 January 2024. Retrieved 11 January 2024.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Liebermann, Oren; Bertrand, Natasha; Robinson, Lou (22 January 2024). "US names campaign to target Houthis in Yemen "Operation Poseidon Archer"" (News article). CNN. Archived from the original on 22 January 2024. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  3. "Houthis shoot down US MQ-9 Reaper drone flying near Yemen". ABC News. Retrieved 22 February 2024.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Yemen's Houthis say 17 rebels killed in US-led attacks". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 22 February 2024.
  5. "US, Britain carry out strikes against Houthis in Yemen". Reuters. 12 January 2024. Retrieved 12 January 2024.
  6. "مصادرنا: مقتل أكثر من 75 شخصا بينهم خبراء من الحرس الثوري وحزب الله بالضربات الغربية على اليمن" (Post on 𝕏). 𝕏 (Formerly Twitter) (in Arabic). Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates: Sky News Arabia. 21 January 2024. Archived from the original on 22 January 2024. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Frost, Natasha (23 January 2024). "Expanded attacks in Yemen" (News article). Tuesday Briefing. Melbourne, Australia: The New York Times. Archived from the original on 23 January 2024. Retrieved 23 January 2024. Yet the U.S.-led strikes, in an operation the military calls Poseidon Archer, have so far failed to deter the Houthis from attacking shipping lanes to and from the Suez Canal that are critical for global trade.
  8. Comerford, Ruth; Gardner, Frank (22 January 2024). "US and UK launch fresh strikes on Houthis in Yemen" (News article). BBC News. United Kingdom: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). Archived from the original on 22 January 2024. Retrieved 22 January 2024. Under the newly named Operation Poseidon Archer, US-led strikes have now hit fresh targets, after previously carrying out a number of pre-emptive strikes on Houthi launch sites.
  9. Baldor, Lolita C.; Copp, Tara (11 January 2024). "US, British militaries launch massive retaliatory strike against Iranian-backed Houthis in Yemen" (News article]]). APNews. Washington, D.C.: Associated Press (AP). Archived from the original on 12 January 2024. Retrieved 12 January 2024.
  10. Kube, Courtney; Stelloh, Tim (11 January 2024). "U.S. and Britain launch strikes against targets in Houthi-controlled Yemen". NBC News. Retrieved 11 January 2024.
  11. Gambrell, Jon; Copp, Tara; Madhani, Aameer; Baldor, Lolita (13 January 2024). "US military strikes another Houthi-controlled site after warning ships to avoid parts of Red Sea". Associated Press. Retrieved 13 January 2024.
  12. Ali, Idrees; Stewart, Phil; Ghobari, Mohammed (13 January 2024). "U.S. carries out new strike in Yemen after Biden vows to keep pressure on". Reuters. Archived from the original on 13 January 2024. Retrieved 13 January 2024.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 United States Department of Defense (16 January 2024). "U.S. Conducts Strikes in Yemen as Houthi Attacks Against International Shipping Continue" (Press release). U.S. Central Command. United States Central Command (CENTCOM): United States federal government. Archived from the original on 17 January 2024. Retrieved 17 January 2024.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Gambrell, Jon; Baldor, Lolita C.; Becatoros, Elena; Copp, Tara; Madhani, Aamer (16 January 2024). "Chaotic wave of attacks, reprisals in Middle East fuel worries of a broader regional war" (News article). AP News. Washington, D.C.: Associated Press. Archived from the original on 17 January 2024. Retrieved 17 January 2024. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "AP" defined multiple times with different content
  15. "Chaotic wave of attacks, reprisals in Middle East fuel worries of a broader regional war" (News article). Washington, D.C.: ABC News. 16 January 2024. Archived from the original on 16 January 2024. Retrieved 17 January 2024.
  16. United States Department of Defense (17 January 2024). "U.S. CENTCOM Strikes Houthi Terrorist Missile Launchers" (Post on 𝕏). 𝕏 (Formerly Twitter). United States Central Command (CENTCOM): United States federal government. Retrieved 18 January 2024.
  17. Stewart, Phil; Ali, Idrees (17 January 2024). "US conducts another round of strikes against Houthi targets in Yemen" (News article). Washington, D.C.: Reuters. Archived from the original on 18 January 2024. Retrieved 18 January 2024.
  18. United States Department of Defense (18 January 2024). "U.S. CENTCOM Destroys Houthi Terrorists' Anti-Ship Missiles" (Post on 𝕏). 𝕏 (Formerly Twitter). United States federal government. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  19. United States Department of Defense (19 January 2024). "U.S. CENTCOM Destroys Three Houthi Terrorists' Anti-Ship Missiles" (Post on 𝕏). 𝕏 (Formerly Twitter). United States federal government. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  20. United States Department of Defense (20 January 2024). "U.S. CENTCOM Destroys Houthi Terrorists' Anti-Ship Missile" (Post on 𝕏). 𝕏 (Formerly Twitter). United States federal government. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  21. Watson, Eleanor (2024-01-22). "U.S. and U.K. conduct airstrikes against Houthi targets in Yemen - CBS News". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved 2024-01-22.
  22. "US and UK launch fresh strikes on Houthis in Yemen". BBC News. 22 January 2024.
  23. "BREAKING: Yemen's Houthi rebels says they have clashed with a number of US destroyers and warships in the Gulf of Aden and Bab al-mandab strait" (Post on 𝕏). 𝕏 (Formerly Twitter). Faytuks News. 24 January 2024. Retrieved 24 January 2024.
  24. Friden, Liz (24 January 2024). "FACT CHECK: Reports the Houthi's successfully hit a U.S. Navy ship are not true, U.S. defense officials tell Fox News. "We've received no reports of attacks on U.S. warships," one of the officials said, adding this is something they would have immediately been notified of" (Post on 𝕏). 𝕏 (Formerly Twitter). Washington, D.C.: Fox News. Retrieved 24 January 2024.
  25. United States Department of Defense (26 January 2024). "Houthis fire anti-ship ballistic missile toward USS Carney (DDG 64)" (Post on 𝕏). 𝕏 (Formerly Twitter). United States federal government. Retrieved 26 January 2024.
  26. "U.S. and U.K. launch new wave of strikes, this time targeting Houthis in Yemen". NBC News. 2024-02-04. Retrieved 2024-02-22.
  27. "Houthis claim fresh attacks on British and US ships in Red Sea". The Guardian. 2024-02-06. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2024-02-22.

Other websites

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