Parsa District

Coordinates: 27°0′N 84°52′E / 27.000°N 84.867°E / 27.000; 84.867
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Parsa District
पर्सा जिल्ला
The gate in Birganj on the Indo-Nepal border
The gate in Birganj on the Indo-Nepal border
Location of Parsa District in Nepal
Location of Parsa District in Nepal
Country   Nepal
ProvinceMadhesh Province
 • Total1,353 km2 (522 sq mi)
 • Total649,397
 • Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Female 48%
 • Male /100 female108.21
Human Development Index
 • Income per capita (US dollars)$1657
 • Poverty rate36.37
 • Literacy69.1%
 • Life Expectancy70.25
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (NPT)
Main Language(s)Bhojpuri (78.1%), Nepali (6.4%), Maithili (5.1%), Tharu (3.8%), Urdu (2.2%), others (4.4%)

Parsa District (Nepali: पर्सा जिल्लाaudio speaker iconListen , a part of Madhesh Province in Terai plain, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Birganj as its district headquarters, has an area of 1,353 km2 (522 sq mi). According to the locals, Parsa is named after Parsagadhi temple in the district.

Geography and Climate[change | change source]

Climate Zone[3] Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 74.7%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.

Demographics[change | change source]

At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Parsa District had a population of 601,017. Of these, 78.1% spoke Bhojpuri, 6.4% Nepali, 5.1% Maithili, 3.8% Tharu, 2.2% Urdu, 1.3% Tamang, 0.8% Rajasthani and 0.7% Newari as their first language.

30.4% of the population in the district spoke Nepali, 5.4% Bhojpuri and 4.9% Hindi as their second language.[4]

Administration[change | change source]

VDC/s and Municipalities (blue) in Parsa District The district consists of one metropolitan city, three urban municipalities and ten rural municipalities. These are as follows:

Former Village Development Committees (VDCs) and municipalities[change | change source]

Map of the VDCs in Parsa District

References[change | change source]

  1. "NepalMap profile: Parsa". Archived from the original on 2023-04-04. Retrieved 2023-05-01.
  2. "Nepal Human Development report 2014".
  3. The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 978-87-7903-210-1, archived from the original (PDF) on December 3, 2013, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  4. "2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2023-03-14. Retrieved 2019-11-08.
"Districts of Nepal". Statoids.

27°0′N 84°52′E / 27.000°N 84.867°E / 27.000; 84.867