San Miguel de Tucumán

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
San Miguel de Tucumán
Tucumán
City
Aerial view of Tucumán
Aerial view of Tucumán
Coat of arms of San Miguel de Tucumán
Coat of arms
San Miguel de Tucumán is located in Argentina
San Miguel de Tucumán
Coordinates: 26°49′59″S 65°13′00″W / 26.83306°S 65.2166667°W / -26.83306; -65.2166667Coordinates: 26°49′59″S 65°13′00″W / 26.83306°S 65.2166667°W / -26.83306; -65.2166667
Country Argentina
Province Tucumán
Founded 1565, 1685
Government
 • Intendant Germán Enrique Alfaro[1]
Area
 • Total 90 km2 (30 sq mi)
Elevation 431 m (1,414 ft)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 548,866
 • Density 6,100/km2 (15,800/sq mi)
Time zone ART (UTC-03)
Area code(s) T4000
Climate Humid subtropical climate (Cwa)
Website Official website

San Miguel de Tucumán (usually called simply Tucumán) is the capital of the Tucumán Province; it is in northern Argentina 1,311 kilometres (815 mi) from Buenos Aires. The Spanish Conquistador Diego de Villarroel founded the city in 1565 during an expedition from present-day Peru. The city was moved to its present site in 1685.

History[change | change source]

The city, with the name of San Miguel de Tucumán y Nueva Tierra de Promisión, was founded on 31 May 1565 by Diego de Villarroel in the place called Campos de Ibatín, about 60 kilometres (37 mi) to the southwest of the present city. Then, in 1685, the town was moved to where it is now because of the low quality of the water.

On 24 September 1812, the Battle of Tucumán took place near the city, when the Spanish army was defeated by the army led by Manuel Belgrano. The act of the Independence was signed at the Casa de Tucumán ("Tucumán House").

Geography[change | change source]

The city is surrounded by the departments

The city is on the slopes of the Aconquija mountains along the Salí river. The altitude in the centre of the city is 450 m (1,480 ft). It is the commercial centre of an irrigated area that produces sugarcane, rice, tobacco, and fruits.

San Miguel de Tucumán has an area of 90 km2 (35 sq mi) and a population of 548,866, in 2010, for a population density of 6,099 inhabitants/km2.

Climate[change | change source]

Mate de Luna Ave., San Miguel de Tucumán

San Miguel de Tucumán has a humid subtropical climate (subtype Cfa in the Köppen climate classification).

The average temperature for the year in San Miguel de Tucumán is 19.3 °C (66.7 °F). The warmest month, on average, is January with an average temperature of 25.3 °C (77.5 °F). The coolest month on average is July, with an average temperature of 12.1 °C (53.8 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in San Miguel de Tucumán is 1,013.5 mm (39.9 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is January with 210.8 mm (8.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 10.2 mm (0.4 in).[3]

Climate data for Tucumán, Argentina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.3
(88.3)
30.2
(86.4)
27.7
(81.9)
24.4
(75.9)
21.2
(70.2)
18.2
(64.8)
19.1
(66.4)
22.5
(72.5)
24.5
(76.1)
29.0
(84.2)
29.6
(85.3)
30.6
(87.1)
25.69
(78.25)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.3
(77.5)
24.2
(75.6)
22.2
(72)
19.1
(66.4)
15.5
(59.9)
12.2
(54)
12.1
(53.8)
14.7
(58.5)
17.1
(62.8)
21.6
(70.9)
23.2
(73.8)
24.9
(76.8)
19.34
(66.82)
Average low °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
19.2
(66.6)
18.0
(64.4)
15.1
(59.2)
11.0
(51.8)
7.6
(45.7)
6.8
(44.2)
8.6
(47.5)
10.6
(51.1)
15.1
(59.2)
17.5
(63.5)
19.4
(66.9)
14.09
(57.37)
Rainfall mm (inches) 210
(8.27)
180
(7.09)
160
(6.3)
60
(2.36)
20
(0.79)
10
(0.39)
10
(0.39)
10
(0.39)
10
(0.39)
60
(2.36)
100
(3.94)
160
(6.3)
990
(38.98)
Source: Weatherbase

Places of interest[change | change source]

Some interesting places in San Miguel de Tucumán are:

  • Plaza Independencia ("Independence square")
  • Casa de Gobierno de Tucumán ("Tucumán Government Palace")
  • Catedral de San Miguel de Tucumán ("San Miguel de Tucumán cathedral")
  • Basilica of San Francisco ("Saint Francis Basilica")
  • Casa de Tucumán ("Tucumán House" or "Independence House")

Twin towns[change | change source]

San Miguel de Tucumán is twinned with:[4]

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]