Siberian ibex

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Siberian ibex (Capra sibirica), also known as the Altai ibex or Gobi ibex, is a species of ibex that lives in central Asia.

Siberian ibex
Siberian Ibex.jpg
Female and male at the Berlin Zoologischer Garten, Germany
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Caprinae
Genus: Capra
C. sibirica
Binomial name
Capra sibirica
Pallas, 1776

Appearance[change | change source]

They are the longest and heaviest goats known, though they are surpassed in shoulder height. Males are between 88 and 110 cm (35 and 43 in) in shoulder height, and weigh between 60 and 130 kg (130 and 290 lb). Females are noticeably smaller, with heights between 67 and 92 cm (26 and 36 in), and weights between 34 and 56 kg (75 and 123 lb). Both genders have beards, though it is shorter and can be possibly absent in females. The colouration is also variable, from dark brown to light tan, with some reddish individuals.[2]

Taxonomy[change | change source]

Subspecies[change | change source]

Though some recent authorities treat the species as monotypic,[3] others have recognized four subspecies, based mainly on differences in total size and size of horns:[2]

Habitat and Distribution[change | change source]

Siberian ibexes live mostly above the tree line, in areas of steep slopes and rocky scree. Most Siberian ibexes are seen in central and northern Asia, Afghanistan, western and northern China (Primarily Xinjiang), north-western India, south-eastern Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, eastern Uzbekistan, Mongolia, northern Pakistan, and south-central Russia.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Reading, R., Michel, S., Suryawanshi, K. & Bhatnagar, Y.V. (2020). "Capra sibirica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T42398A22148720. Retrieved 10 July 2020.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Fedosenko, A.K. & Blank, D.A. (2001). "Capra sibirica". Mammalian Species. 675: Number 675: pp. 1–13. doi:10.1644/1545-1410(2001)675<0001:CS>2.0.CO;2.
  3. Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.