Speyer

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Speyer
Speyer Cathedral
Speyer Cathedral
Coat of arms of Speyer
Coat of arms
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Urban district
Subdivisions 4 Stadtteile
Government
 • Lord Mayor Werner Schineller (CDU)
Area
 • Total 42.58 km2 (16.44 sq mi)
Elevation 92-113 m (−279 ft)
Population (2006-12-31)
 • Total 50,648
 • Density 1,189.48/km2 (3,080.7/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 67346
Dialling codes 06232
Vehicle registration SP
Website www.speyer.de
Imperial City of Speyer
Reichsstadt Speyer
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
1294–1792
Capital Speyer
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Founded ca 10 BC
 •  Gained Reichsfreiheit 1294
 •  Diet at Speyer confirms
    Edict of Worms
 
April 19 1529
 •  Protestation at Speyer April 20 1529
 •  City razed 1688
 •  Annexed by France 1792
 •  Annexed to Bavaria 1816
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Bishopric of Speyer Bishopric of Speyer
French First Republic

Speyer (English formerly Spires) is a city in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate with about 50,000 inhabitants on the Rhine river. It lies 25 km (15.5 mi) south of Ludwigshafen and Mannheim. Around the year 500 the town gets the name Spira, named after the stream Speyerbach which flows into the Rhine river here.

The center of Speyer is dominated by the cathedral. Here are the tombs of several of the Salian emperors: the bodies, however, are believed to have gone missing during one of the French invasions during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

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