Speyer

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Speyer
Speyer Cathedral
Speyer Cathedral
Coat of arms of Speyer
Speyer is located in Germany
Speyer
Coordinates 49°19′10″N 8°25′52″E / 49.31944°N 8.43111°E / 49.31944; 8.43111
Administration
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Urban district
Town subdivisions 4 Stadtteile
Lord Mayor Werner Schineller (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area 42.58 km2 (16.44 sq mi)
Elevation 92-113 m
Population 50,648  (31 December 2006)
 - Density 1,189 /km2 (3,081 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate SP
Postal code 67346
Area code 06232
Website www.speyer.de
Imperial City of Speyer
Reichsstadt Speyer
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Bishopric of Speyer
1294–1792
Capital Speyer
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Founded ca 10 BC
 - Gained Reichsfreiheit 1294
 - Diet at Speyer confirms
    Edict of Worms
 
April 19 1529
 - Protestation at Speyer April 20 1529
 - City razed 1688
 - Annexed by France 1792
 - Annexed to Bavaria 1816

Speyer (English formerly Spires) is a city in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate with about 50.000 inhabitants on the Rhine river. It lies 25 km (15.5 mi) south of Ludwigshafen and Mannheim. Around the year 500 the town gets the name Spira, named after the stream Speyerbach which flows into the Rhine river here.

The center of Speyer is dominated by the cathedral. Here are the tombs of several of the Salian emperors: the bodies, however, are believed to have gone missing during one of the French invasions during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

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