SpongeBob SquarePants

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SpongeBob SquarePants
Surreal comedy[2]
Created byStephen Hillenburg
Developed by
Creative director(s)
Voices of
Narrated byTom Kenny (various episodes)
Theme music composer
  • Derek Drymon
  • Mark Harrison
  • Stephen Hillenburg
  • Blaise Smith
Opening theme"SpongeBob SquarePants Theme Song", performed by Patrick Pinney
Ending theme"SpongeBob Closing Theme", composed by Steve Belfer
  • Steve Belfer
  • Nicolas Carr
  • Sage Guyton
  • Jeremy Wakefield
  • Brad Carow (1999–2002)
  • The Blue Hawaiians (1999–2002)
  • Eban Schletter (2000–present)
  • Barry Anthony Trop (2006–2013)
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons12
No. of episodes262 (list of episodes)
Executive producer(s)
  • Donna Castricone (1999–2002)
  • Helen Kafatic (2002–2004)
  • Anne Michaud (2001)
  • Dina Buteyn (2005–2010)
  • Jennie Monica Hammond (2010–present)
  • Supervising producers:
  • Derek Drymon (2002–2004)
  • Paul Tibbitt (2005–2015)
  • Marc Ceccarelli (2015–2018)
  • Vincent Waller (2015–2018)
Running time
  • 11 minutes (regular episodes only)
  • 22 minutes (special episodes only)
Production company(s)
DistributorViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks
Original networkNickelodeon[a]
Picture format
Audio format
Original releaseMay 1, 1999 (1999-05-01) –
present (present)
Related showsRocko's Modern Life
Kamp Koral: SpongeBob's Under Years
Other websites

SpongeBob SquarePants is an American animated comedy TV show made by marine biologist and animator Stephen Hillenburg. It started on May 1, 1999 on Nickelodeon.[4]

It is one of Nickelodeon's most popular shows. It has been made into two movies, a Broadway musical that was nominated for twelve Tony Awards, and many pieces of merchandise. The main character, SpongeBob, is an adult sea sponge that acts a human child. He lives in a pineapple under the sea.

Characters[change | change source]

The show gets its name from its main character, SpongeBob SquarePants, who lives in a pineapple under the sea (as can be heard in the theme song that begins every episode). SpongeBob (whose voice is provided by Tom Kenny) is a sea sponge, but he looks more like a kitchen sponge used for cleaning dishes. His best friend is a starfish named Patrick Star. His grumpy neighbor is an octopus named Squidward Tentacles.

SpongeBob and Squidward work as employees at a restaurant called the Krusty Krab in the underwater town of Bikini Bottom. The Krusty Krab, which is run by a greedy crab named Mr. Krabs, is famous for its Krabby Patty burgers. The recipe for Krabby Patties is top secret. The owners of a competing restaurant called the Chum Bucket, Plankton and Karen, often try to steal the recipe.

  • SpongeBob SquarePants is the main character and a sea sponge that lives in a pineapple under the sea. He is a fry cook in the Krusty Krab. He is very jolly and sometimes annoys his selfish neighbor, Squidward. His favorite pastimes are jellyfishing and blowing bubbles.
  • Patrick Star is a starfish and SpongeBob's best friend who lives under a rock. Patrick is goofy and stupid, but is a fun-loving character and eats a lot. He is unemployed, but has worked at several places before.
  • Squidward Tentacles is an octopus and SpongeBob's next-door neighbor. He plays the clarinet and is not good at it, even though he thinks so. He works at the Krusty Krab as the cashier. He says does not like SpongeBob, but SpongeBob thinks they are friends. Squidward is not friendly and thinks that he is better than almost everyone. He is voiced by Rodger Bumpass.
  • Mr. Krabs is a crab who is the owner of the Krusty Krab restaurant and SpongeBob and Squidward's boss. He is a single father with one daughter, a whale named Pearl. He and Pearl live in a big anchor. He is very greedy and loves money. He never wants to spend a lot of his money, and sometimes cheats to make more of it. He is voiced by Clancy Brown.
  • Sheldon J. Plankton is an evil green plankton. He is an evil genius and Mr. Krabs' rival. His goal is to steal the secret recipe for Krabby Patties. He runs a restaurant called the Chum Bucket with the help of his talking computer wife named Karen. The Chum Bucket is very unpopular and they never get customers. He is voiced by Mr. Lawrence.
  • Karen Plankton is a talking computer who is Plankton's helper, sidekick, and wife. She gives him his evil plans to steal the Krabby Patty recipe. She lives in the laboratory of the Chum Bucket which is labeled from the outside as the "kitchen." Karen does not have a face, but her screen shows a wavy green line that moves when she talks. She is voiced by Jill Talley.
  • Sandy Cheeks is a squirrel from the state of Texas. She lives in a glass house called a Treedome that lets her breathe under water. When she is out of the dome, she wears a space suit and a fishbowl-like glass helmet around her head filled with fresh air. She is very athletic and works as a scientist. She is voiced by Carolyn Lawrence.
  • Mrs. Puff is a pufferfish who is SpongeBob's teacher at the underwater driving school, Mrs. Puff's Boating School. She is old, patient, and easily scared. She wears a blue sailor hat and a yellow wig. SpongeBob really wants to pass Mrs. Puff's class, but he always fails his driving test. She is voiced by Mary Jo Catlett.
  • Pearl Krabs is a big gray whale with blonde hair who is the daughter of Mr. Krabs. She is sixteen years old and has a job at the Bikini Bottom Mall. When she grows up, Mr. Krabs will give his restaurant and his money to her. She usually wears a pink cheerleading dress. She is voiced by Lori Alan.
  • Gary the Snail is SpongeBob's pet snail who lives with him in their pineapple house. He meows and acts like a cat. He cannot talk, but SpongeBob can understand him. Gary is usually shown to be very smart. He is voiced by Tom Kenny.

Episodes list[change | change source]

Season 1 (1999-2001)[change | change source]

Number in Original air date Production code Episode title
Series Season
1 1 May 1, 1999 101 "Help Wanted"
"Reef Blower"
"Tea at the Treedome"
2 2 May 1, 1999 102 "Bubblestand"
"Ripped Pants"
3 3 July 31, 1999 103 "Jellyfishing"
4 4 August 7, 1999 104 "Naughty Nautical Neighbors"
"Boating School"
5 5 August 14, 1999 105 "Pizza Delivery"
"Home Sweet Pineapple"
6 6 August 21, 1999 106 "Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy"
7 7 August 28, 1999 107 "Hall Monitor"
"Jellyfish Jam"
8 8 September 4, 1999 108 "Sandy's Rocket"
"Squeaky Boots"
9 9 September 11, 1999 109 "Nature Pants"
"Opposite Day"
10 10 September 18, 1999 110 "Culture Shock"
11 11 September 25, 1999 111 "MuscleBob BuffPants"
"Squidward the Unfriendly Ghost"
12 12 October 2, 1999 112 "The Chaperone"
"Employee of the Month"
13 13 October 28, 1999 113 "Scaredy Pants"
"I Was a Teenage Gary"
14 14 December 31, 1999 114 "SB-129"
"Karate Choppers"
15 15 January 17, 2000 115 "Sleepy Time"
16 16 February 14, 2000 116 "Valentine's Day"
"The Paper"
17 17 March 15, 2000 117 "Texas"
"Walking Small"
18 18 March 22, 2000 118 "Arrgh!"
"Rock Bottom"
19 19 April 1, 2000 119 "Fools in April"
"Netune's Spatula"
20 20 April 8, 2000[5] 120 "Hooky"
"Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy II"

Season 2 (2000-2003)[change | change source]

Number in Original air date Production code Episode title
Series Season
21 1 November 2, 2000 201 "Your Shoe's Untied"
"Squid's Day Off"
22 2 October 26, 2000 202 "Something Smells"
"Bossy Boots"
23 3 November 16, 2000 203 "Big Pink Loser"
"Bubble Buddy"
24 4 December 28, 2000 204 "Dying for Pie"
"Imitation Krabs"
25 5 February 17, 2001 205 "Wormy"
"Patty Hype"
26 6 March 6, 2001 206 "Grandma's Kisses"
27 7 May 5, 2001 207 "Prehibernation Week"
"Life of Crime"
28 8 December 6, 2000 208 "Christmas Who?"
29 9 May 5, 2001 209 "Survival of the Idiots"
30 10 March 7, 2001 210 "No Free Rides"
"I'm Your Biggest Fanatic"
31 11 November 27, 2000 211 "Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy"
"Squirrel Jokes"
32 12 March 8, 2001 212 "Pressure"
"The Smoking Peanut"
33 13 March 9, 2001
July 26, 2003[6]
("Gary Takes a Bath")
213 "Shanghaied"
"Gary Takes a Bath"
34 14 January 21, 2002 214 "Welcome to the Chum Bucket"
35 15 September 7, 2001 215 "The Secret Box"
"Band Geeks"
36 16 September 6, 2002 216 "Graveyard Shift"
"Krusty Love"
37 17 November 30, 2001 217 "Procrastination"
"I'm with Stupid"
38 18 September 21, 2001 218 "Sailor Mouth"
"Artist Unknown"
39 19 September 28, 2001 219 "Jellyfish Hunter"
"The Fry Cook Games"
40 20 October 12, 2001 220 "Squid On Strike"
"Sandy, SpongeBob, and the Worm"

Season 3 (2001-2004)[change | change source]

Number in Original air date Production code Episode title
Series Season
41 1 March 22, 2002 301 "The Algae's Always Greener"
"SpongeGuard on Duty"
42 2 July 12, 2002 302 "Club SpongeBob"
"My Pretty Seahorse"
43 3 October 5, 2001 303 "Just One Bite"
"The Bully"
44 4 March 1, 2002 304 "Nasty Patty"
"Idiot Box"
45 5 January 21, 2002 305 "Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy IV"
"Doing Time"
46 6 February 22, 2002 306 "Snowball Effect"
"One Krabs Trash"
47 7 March 8, 2002 307 "As Seen on TV"
"Can You Spare a Dime?"
48 8 March 15, 2002 308 "No Weenies Allowed"
"Squilliam Returns"
49 9 March 29, 2002 309 "Krab Borg"
"Rock-a-Bye Bivalve"
50 10 May 10, 2002 310 "Wet Painters"
"Krusty Krab Training Video"
51 11 May 17, 2002 311 "Party Pooper Pants"
52 12 June 1, 2002 312 "Chocolate with Nuts"
"Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy V"
53 13 September 20, 2002 313 "New Student Starfish"
54 14 March 5, 2004 314 "Ugh"
55 15 January 24, 2003 315 "The Great Snail Race"
"Mid-Life Crustacean"
56 16 October 4, 2003 316 "Born Again Krabs"
"I Had an Accident"
57 17 April 3, 2004 317 "Krabby Land"
"The Camping Episode"
58 18 January 19, 2004 318 "Missing Identity"
"Plankton's Army"
59 19 March 21, 2003 319 "The Sponge Who Could Fly"
60 20 October 11, 2004 320 "SpongeBob Meets the Strangler"
"Pranks a Lot"

"The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie" (2004)[change | change source]

Number in Original release date Movie title Summary
1 November 19, 2004 "The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie" When Plankton steals King Neptune's crown from him, SpongeBob and Patrick must take the long route to "Shell City" to find it.

"The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water" (2015)[change | change source]

Number in Original release date Movie title Summary
2 February 6, 2015 "The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water" When a diabolical pirate above the sea steals the secret Krabby Patty formula, SpongeBob and his nemesis Plankton must team up in order to get it back.

Main places[change | change source]

  • The show takes place in a fictional city called Bikini Bottom, which is in the Pacific Ocean.
  • SpongeBob's pineapple house is SpongeBob's home. It has many big rooms even though on the outside it looks just like a small pineapple. It has a large library with many books.
  • The Krusty Krab is a restaurant in the city of Bikini Bottom. It is run by a crab, Eugene H. Krabs. SpongeBob SquarePants works there as a fry cook, and Squidward Q. Tentacles works as the cashier. The fast food items that are sold include the popular Krabby Patty (which is similar to a hamburger), kelp fries, and drinks.
  • The Chum Bucket is a restaurant across the street from the Krusty Krab. It is owned by Sheldon J. Plankton and Karen Plankton, but it is very unpopular because the food is very bad. Plankton and Karen are always trying to steal the secret recipe for the Krabby Patty, which only Mr. Krabs and SpongeBob know.
  • Mrs. Puff's Boating School is the driving school where SpongeBob often goes to try to get his driver's license. SpongeBob is normally not good at driving and can never get his license without help from a friend. Whenever he gets his license, he soon loses it.
  • Patrick's boulder is Patrick's home where Patrick lives and sleeps in. In some episodes, Patrick falls out of his boulder.
  • Squidward's house, an Easter Island head owned by Squidward. In his house, Squidward practices his clarinet and paints pictures.
  • Mr Krabs and Pearl's anchor house, a hollow anchor with lots of paintings on the walls. Mr. Krabs and Pearl live inside of it.
  • Goo Lagoon is a popular beach. Even though the beach is under water, the water in the beach is called "goo." In some episodes it is just a lake but in some it is an entire ocean.

Controversies[change | change source]

In 2005, several groups, including the American Family Foundation, attacked SpongeBob for being a representative of homosexual people. The character had recently appeared on a music video with other kids characters to promote diversity and tolerance. However, the creator said in 2002 that SpongeBob is asexual, meaning that he does not seek sexual partners at all.

Decreasing quality[change | change source]

Many fans and critics believe that, after the first movie, the series started to decline in quality because many writers from the first three seasons seasons left (although Doug Lawrence, Aaron Springer, Erik Wiese and C.H. Greenblatt still stayed). Some of the later episodes were received poorly because the characters did not act the way they acted in the first three seasons.

References[change | change source]

  1. Meet the Creator: Stephen Hillenburg (Video). Nick Animation. July 27, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  2. "SpongeBob SquarePants and the Indestructible Faith of Imagination". New York (Vulture). Who lives in a pineapple under the sea? Why, one of the stars of the most brilliantly imagined and sustained display of surreal humor in pop culture, that's who.
  3. "CBS sets 'SpongeBob Christmas' for November". The Washington Post. October 18, 2012.
  4. Brent Jones, ed. (14 July 2009). "SquarePants: Bobbing along for 10 years". USA Today. Gannett Co. Inc.
  5. "Hooky / Mermaid Man and Barnacle Boy II". TV.com. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  6. "SpongeBob Schwammkopf — Episodenguide". Fernsehserien. Retrieved April 9, 2020.


  1. Episode 175, "It's a SpongeBob Christmas!", was first broadcast on CBS.[3]