The Diary of a Young Girl

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The Diary of a Young Girl is a diary written in Dutch by Anne Frank. She began it in 1942, writing secretly to an imaginary friend.[1] She wrote it while she was in hiding for two years with her family during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. The family was caught in 1944 and Anne Frank died of typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. After the war, the diary was found by Anne's father, Otto Frank. He was the only known survivor of the family. The diary has now been published in more than 60 different languages. It is now considered a classic of war literature.[2] The dairy was rescued from a reject pile by cookbook publisher Judith Jones.[3]

It was first published as Het Achterhuis. Dagboekbrieven 12 juni 1942 – 1 augustus 1944 (The Annex: Diary Notes from 12 June 1942 – 1 August 1944) by Contact Publishing in Amsterdam in 1947. After it was translated into English as Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl by Doubleday & Company (United States) and Valentine Mitchell (United Kingdom) in 1952, it became very famous critically. It became very popular, and the 1955 play The Diary of Anne Frank and movie version were both based on the diary. The play was first acted in New York City. It won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1956.[4] The book is in several lists of the top books of the twentieth century.[5] It discusses the themes of sharing and selfishness in the war, about how someone can be different on the inside and the outside, and about the loneliness of growing up.[6]

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  1. "Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl Critical Essay #2". bookrags.com. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
  2. "Anne Frank (German diarist) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia". britannica.com. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
  3. Tabachnick, Toby (2009). "The editor who didn't pass on Anne Frank; Jones recalls famous diary". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved April 2, 2016 – via Firefox.
  4. "Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl Media Adaptations". bookrags.com. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
  5. Goodreads Best (100) Books of the 20th Century #8; The Guardian's (top 10) definitive book(s) of the 20th century out of 50 Best Books defining the 20th century; National Review's List of the 100 Best Non-Fiction Books of the Century #20; The New York Public Library's Books of the Century: War, Holocaust, Totalitarianism. 1996 ISBN 978-0195117905; Waterstone's Top100 Books of the 20th century, while there are several editions of the book. The publishers made a children's edition and an adult which is thicker. There are hardcovers and paperbacks. #26
  6. "SparkNotes: Diary of a Young Girl: Key Facts". sparknotes.com. Retrieved 27 October 2010.

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