Jump to content

VR Group

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
VR Group
Native name
VR-Yhtymä Oyj/VR-Group Abp
FormerlySuomen Valtion Rautatiet
Company typepublic (julkinen osakeyhtiö)
Industryrail transport Edit this on Wikidata
Area served
Key people
Elisa Markula (CEO)
ProductsRail transport
€152 million
OwnerGovernment of Finland
Number of employees
7,500 (2016)
The Finnish railway network in 2010.[1]
An Sm3 class Pendolino train.
Track gauge1,524 mm (5 ft) Broad gauge

VR-Group Plc,[2] commonly known as VR, is a government-owned railway company in Finland. It runs Finland's passenger rail services with 250 long-distance and 800 commuter rail services every day.[3] It has 7,500 employees and net sales of €1,251 million in 2017.[4]

VR was created in 1995 after being known as Swedish: Finlands Statsjärnvägarna, Finnish: Suomen Valtion Rautatiet (Finnish State Railways) from 1862 to 1922, and Valtionrautatiet ('State Railways', Swedish: Statsjärnvägarna) from 1922 to 1995.

Avecra is a subsidiary for onboard catering service, Pohjolan Liikenne for bus traffic, VR Track for developing and maintaining of infrastructure and VR Transpoint for freight. Since 2017, its headquarters is in northern-central Helsinki.

History[change | change source]

Rail transport started in Finland in 1862 between Helsinki and Hämeenlinna. Many main lines and smaller private railways were built later. VR mainly operated on the high-demand main lines. During the twentieth century, most private railway companies were shut down and VR had a monopoly in rail transport.

Since 2010, the maintenance and the construction of the railway network have been the responsibility of the Finnish Transport Agency. The operation and network were originally carried out by the parent company Valtionrautatiet until 1995, when it was split into VR and the rail administration entity Ratahallintokeskus.

Organization[change | change source]

Companies in the group provide road freight and bus services, catering and real estate management. They provide data, technological, and telecommunications services for the transport and logistics sectors. The group owns a bus company, Pohjolan Liikenne, and a road freight haulage company VR Transpoint.

Altogether the group includes 21 companies employing a total of about 14,400 people.

References[change | change source]

  1. Lines are marked in green for freight and passenger routes, brown for freight routes and grey for routes no longer in use.
  2. "VR-Yhtymä Oyj". Business Information System. Helsinki: Finnish Patent and Registration Office, Finnish Tax Administration. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  3. "Passenger services". VR Group. Archived from the original on 2018-06-25. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  4. "VR Group as a company". VR Group. Retrieved 2018-06-25.