|Residence||Muṯitjulu, Northern Territory|
|Years active||1970s – present|
|Organization||Central Australian Aboriginal Congress|
Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association
National Aboriginal Conference
Muṯitjulu Community Council
Walkatjara Art Uluṟu
|Style||Western Desert painting|
Vincent Forrester (born 1952) is an Aboriginal Australian activist, artist and community leader. Forrester was a founding member of a number of Aboriginal organisations in central Australia. He lives at Muṯitjulu, where he has served as the chairman of the community council. During the 1980s, he served as an advisor on indigenous affairs to the governments of Malcolm Fraser and Bob Hawke.
Forrester has been a prominent political activist on issues affecting indigenous Australians for many years. He has been a strong critic of the Intervention in the Northern Territory, and the lack of economic and educational development in communities affected by it.
Early life[change | change source]
Forrester was born in 1952 in Alice Springs. His family is a mixture of Luritja and Arranda, but one of his grandfathers was Scottish. Vincent grew up on a cattle station in the Angas Downs area. He learned from his grandparents about the sacred legends associated with his country, and about bush foods and bush medicine. He went through initiation when he reached maturity.
As a young teenager, Forrester worked as a station-hand and stockman. Later, he worked in an abattoir. For three years, he served in the army in Townsville. At various other times he worked as a horse-riding clown and a rodeo rider.
Activism and politics[change | change source]
Forrester has been an activist for Aboriginal Australians for most of his life. While growing up in Angas Downs in the 1960s, Forrester grew angry with what he saw as a lack of human rights for indigenous people. He rebelled against the government's assimilation policies during his school years, and then joined the campaign for indigenous land rights.
During the 1970s, after returning from the army, Forrester helped to set up the Central Australian Aboriginal Congress (CAAC), a health care service for indigenous people. He served as a field officer, and then later as its secretary. He also helped to set up the Central Land Council. In 1982, he represented Australia at the first session of the United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations, held in Geneva. In the middle of the 1980s, he helped to set up the Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association (CAAMA). He has served as the organisation's treasurer, manager, and as a board member of its television network, Imparja.
National Aboriginal Conference[change | change source]
In November 1977, aged in his mid-20s, Forrester became a founding member of the National Aboriginal Conference (NAC). He was elected chairman for the Northern Territory in October 1981. In this position, he would serve as an advisor to the governments of Malcolm Fraser and Bob Hawke on matters relating to indigenous people.
In 1979, a group called the National Aboriginal Government occupied Capital Hill in Canberra and set up the Tent Embassy. Kevin Gilbert and other protesters demanded that the federal government enter into negotiations for a treaty with Aboriginal people. Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser said he would only discuss the matter with the NAC, since it was the only elected body representing Aboriginals. Shortly after, the NAC began working on a draft proposal for this treaty. The government was opposed to the word "treaty", so the NAC chose to use a Yolgnu word, Makarrata.
After his appointment as the NAC chairman for the Northern Territory, Forrester was put on the subcommittee in charge of drafting the Makarrata proposal. The proposal was for a treaty that recognised the sovereignty of Aboriginal nations in Australia. People wanted the government of Australia to deal with Aboriginal nations as it would deal with another sovereign nation under international law. Through the 1980s, the support for this treaty amongst Aboriginal people grew steadily. After talking with Aboriginal communities in his home region, Forrester was convinced that his people were in favour of a treaty. He argued, however, that the negotiations should be done under the oversight of the United Nations.
The NAC was dissolved by the Hawke government in 1985. Despite this, planning on the content and principles of the Makarrata proposal continued, with Forrester staying very involved. The campaign for the treaty remained strong through the 1980s, reaching its height in 1988. Forrester did an interview with Kevin Gilbert about it on CAAMA radio in 1989.
Economic apartheid[change | change source]
As more and more Aboriginal people around Uluṟu became involved in tourism, Forrester began working as a tour guide at Kings Canyon. He later became a ranger for Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park, and a mentor at Alice Springs Desert Park, training young Aboriginal people as guides and park rangers. He believed tourism and conservation had excellent opportunities for Aboriginal people. He was firmly against any economic development that comes from uranium mining. A lot of central Australian communities depend on grants to mining companies for income, but Forrester argues that this reliance must be broken.
While working in tourism, Forrester became outspoken about the lack of job opportunities for indigenous people living in the centre of Australia. Because of this, he said, the communities were living in poverty, and that the situation would continue to get worse until the federal government began talking to the communities directly. A lot of the problem, Forrester claimed, was due to racism. He called the situation "economic apartheid". He also acknowledged, however, that most people from indigenous-speaking communities lacked the literacy in English needed to keep a job. Most adults could not read and write, and the younger people did not have enough access to education. As a result, Forrester worked for several years in developing school curricula. In May 2011, the Ayers Rock Resort at Yulara was sold to the Indigenous Land Corporation. At the time of the sale, two out of the 700 people working at the resort were indigenous. At the start of 2013, it was reported that the number of indigenous workers had risen to 170; 35% of them were from Muṯitjulu.
Despite being critical of Malcolm Fraser whilst he was in office, Forrester later reflected that Fraser was one of the few Prime Ministers who sat down to talk with indigenous communities about issues affecting them.
The Intervention[change | change source]
In 2006, an ABC television program reported that children in Muṯitjulu as young as five had contracted sexually transmitted diseases and that girls were being prostituted for petrol. Indigenous Affairs Minister Mal Brough claimed that children at Muṯitjulu were being sexually abused. This caused serious anger from Muṯitjulu leaders. When Brough visited the community in October, Forrester shouted at the minister and demanded that he say sorry.
A formal inquiry later found that alcoholism and child sexual abuse were widespread in remote Aboriginal communities of the Territory. In response, in 2007, the government of John Howard introduced a series of measures aimed at addressing the problem. It is often referred to as "the intervention". The measures were seen as racially discriminatory by many people, including Forrester. He was already a leader in Muṯitjulu at the time. In February 2008, he travelled to the Tent Embassy in Canberra to hear the new Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd, formally say sorry to the members of the Stolen Generations. While he was there, he talked with other indigenous people from the Territory about the effects of the intervention. The group then met with politicians at Parliament House to discuss their demands. Forrester called the intervention an "occupation" of indigenous lands by the military, and demanded that the polices be stopped. He encouraged Aboriginal people in the Territory to disobey the intervention laws in protest.
Forrester argued that the social problems can be avoided if the government provides the right kind of schools and services. Despite statistics showing that the number of sex crimes against children in Muṯitjulu was going down, Forrester maintained that the community was still in crisis. He pointed to the fact that the population of Muṯitjulu had also decreased by more than 40%; people were leaving. Forrester claimed that the government has been too slow in dealing with the source of the problem (jobs and education), and that life in Muṯitjulu has only gotten worse since the intervention laws.
In 2009, Forrester was made chairman of the Muṯitjulu Community Council. Around this time his brother was accused of corruption and Vincent with the rest of the community council board forced his brother's resignation. He now lives on the outskirts of Alice Springs semi-retired but also a member of the National First Nations Uluru Constitutional Convention Board
Artwork[change | change source]
Forrester began painting in the early 1990s. He paints stories from the Dreamtime. He has said that his art represents a story and a "spiritual legacy" for his descendants. Originally, he used acrylic paints, but he has since began using natural ground-up paint made at Uluṟu. Traditional methods, tools and techniques are used to grind natural pigments into powder form, and then mixed with a binder to become a thick, sticky paint. The colours Forrester uses in his paintings are the traditional colours used for ceremonial body paint.
His painting Resurrection at Mutitujulu Waterhole, done using these methods, was chosen as a finalist for the Togart Contemporary Art Award in 2012. It depicts the waterhole at Uluṟu, and the story of Wanampi (rainbow serpent). It was part of a series dedicated to women.
References[change | change source]
- "Uluru (Ayers Rock) by Vincent Forrester". Aboriginal Art News. Aboriginal Art Directory. 23 April 2008.
- Burgess, Rob (24 September 2004). "Voice from another world". The Age. Melbourne: The Age Company Ltd.
- "Catalogue" (PDF). Togart Contemporary Art Award 2012. Toga Group of Companies. 2012. p. 37 (39). Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- Burgess, Rob (1 April 2008). "Failing Australia's indigenous children". Guardian Weekly. Melbourne: Guardian News and Media Limited.
- Loveday, Peter; Jaensch, Dean (1982). The NAC election in the Northern Territory 1981. Australian National University, North Australia Research Unit. ISBN 9780867841206.
- "Public Meeting (transcript)" (PDF). Select Committee on Constitutional Development. Government of the Northern Territory. 5 July 1988. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts; Bell Museum of Natural History; Lakewood Center for the Arts (1990). Contemporary aboriginal art from the Robert Holmes a Court Collection. Heytesbury Holdings. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-7316-8569-1.
- ", Registration Brochure" (PDF). Alice 2007 Reality Check: Inequities & Health. Public Health Association of Australia. 2007. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- "NAC: establishment, role and functions" (RTF). AIATSIS Library. National Aboriginal Conference. March 1983. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- Anderson, Michael (2009). "'That Word' Treaty: The Value of Historical Insights". Interim National Unity Government of the Sovereign Union. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- "Aboriginal Sovereign Treaty '88 Campaign". Treaty '88. Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- Wright, Judith (1985). "We have no human rights". We call for a treaty (RTF)
|url=(help). Sydney: HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 978-0-00-636899-1.
- Gilbert, Kevin; Williams, Eleanor (1996). "Excerpt from an interview by Vincent Forrester with Kevin Gilbert, broadcast in 1989 over CAAMA radio 8 KIN.FM" (PDF). Breath of Life: moments in transit towards Aboriginal Sovereignty. Canberra: Canberra Contemporary Art Space.
- Murdoch, A. K. (2 September 2006). "At the heart of the desert". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- Green, Jim (20 January 1999). "Radioactive racism". Green Left Weekly. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- Narushima, Yuko (20 June 2009). "Vanishing orphans of the intervention". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media.
- Lobley, Katrina (12 January 2013). "The spirit rekindled". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- "Brough visit ends in protest". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Australian Associated Press. 30 October 2006.
- Standing, Jonathan (21 June 2008). "Australian Aborigines protest state intervention". Reuters Television. Sydney: Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- "Hundreds to flock to tent embassy for apology". Tony Eastley (presenter), Samantha Hawley (reporter). AM. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. ABC Local Radio. 11 February 2008. Transcript.
- "Aborigines seek intervention roll back". The Sydney Morning Herald. Australian Associated Press. 31 January 2008.
- "Stronger Futures laws condemned after passing Senate". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 29 June 2012.
- Marshall, Amy (31 August 2010). "Mutitjulu 'a community everyone wants to forget'". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
- McGeough, Paul (4 July 2009). "Between the Rock and a hard place". Th Sydney Morning Herald.
Other websites[change | change source]