Zürich

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Zürich
Zürich.jpg
Zürich Switzerland-Opera-Zurich-01.jpgPrime Tower Night Zürich Zurich.jpg
ETH Zürich im Abendlicht.jpgZürich Switzerland-Münsterbrücke-and-Fraumünster-01.jpg
From top: View over Zürich and the lake, the Opera House, Prime Tower at night, ETH main building and Fraumünster church in the old town.
Coat of arms of Zürich
Coat of arms
Location of Zürich
Zürich is located in Switzerland
Zürich
Zürich
Zürich is located in Canton of Zürich
Zürich
Zürich
Coordinates: 47°22′N 8°33′E / 47.367°N 8.550°E / 47.367; 8.550Coordinates: 47°22′N 8°33′E / 47.367°N 8.550°E / 47.367; 8.550
CountrySwitzerland
CantonZürich
DistrictZürich
Government
 • ExecutiveStadtrat
with 9 members
 • MayorStadtpräsidentin
Corine Mauch SPS/PSS
(as of November 2020)
 • ParliamentGemeinderat
with 125 members
Area
 • Total87.88 km2 (33.93 sq mi)
Elevation
408 m (1,339 ft)
Highest elevation871 m (2,858 ft)
Lowest elevation392 m (1,286 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[3][4]
 • Total415,215
 • Density4,700/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)German: Zürcher(in)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
8000–8099
SFOS number0261
Surrounded byAdliswil, Dübendorf, Fällanden, Kilchberg, Maur, Oberengstringen, Opfikon, Regensdorf, Rümlang, Schlieren, Stallikon, Uitikon, Urdorf, Wallisellen, Zollikon
Twin townsKunming, San Francisco, Srinagar
Websitewww.stadt-zuerich.ch
SFSO statistics

Zürich or Zurich (German: Zürich [ˈt͡syːrɪç]; Swiss German: Züri [ˈt͡syɾi]) is a city in Switzerland. Zürich is the capital city of the Canton of Zürich. About 415,000 people live in the city and over 1.5 million live in the metropolitan area. This makes Zürich the biggest city in Switzerland.

Geography[change | change source]

Zürich is located in the north of Switzerland. It is at the northern end of Lake Zürich and is surrounded by hills. The rivers Limmat and Sihl flow through the city. The city is divided into twelve districts (known as Kreis in German), numbered 1 to 12.

History[change | change source]

The city was first built by the Romans.[5] The Canton joined Switzerland in 1351.

Economy[change | change source]

In the city of Zürich, most of the people work in the commerce part of the economy. Zürich is one of the largest financial centres in the world. Many famous banks and insurance companies are located here, for example UBS, Credit Suisse, Swiss Life and Swiss Re.

The airport of Zürich is located about 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) to the north, in a town called Kloten. Zürich Airport ("Flughafen Zürich", IATA:ZRH) is the biggest airport in Switzerland. Zürich Main Station is the busiest train station in Switzerland with many national and international connections.

The headquarters of FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) is also in Zürich.

Education[change | change source]

Zurich has two universities. ETH Zürich is ranked among the top universities in the world.[6][7] Over 20 Nobel Prize winners have studied or worked there, for example Albert Einstein.[8]. The other university is the University of Zürich. It is the largest university in Switzerland.

Gallery[change | change source]

Sources[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Statistisches Jahrbuch des Kantons Zürich 2015"; publication date: February 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  3. "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  4. https://www.pxweb.bfs.admin.ch/pxweb/fr/px-x-0102020000_201/-/px-x-0102020000_201.px/table/tableViewLayout2/?rxid=c5985c8d-66cd-446c-9a07-d8cc07276160; retrieved: 2 June 2020.
  5. Primas, Margarita (1981). "Urgeschichte des Zürichseegebietes im Überblick: Von der Steinzeit bis zur Früheisenzeit". Helvetia Archaeologica 45/48: 5–18, 5f. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  6. "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). 2019-08-20. Retrieved 2020-11-21.
  7. "The World's Top 100 Universities". Top Universities. 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2020-11-21.
  8. "Nobel Prize laureates". ethz.ch. Retrieved 2020-11-21.

Other websites[change | change source]