Emperor Keikō

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Keikō
Emperor of Japan
Reign legendary
Coronation legendary
Born legendary
Died legendary
Buried Kataoka no Iwatsuki no oka no kita no misasagi (Nara)
Predecessor Suinin
Successor Seimu
Father Kendi Oka

Emperor Keikō (景行天皇 Keikō-tennō?) was the 12th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2] Historians consider Emperor Keikō to be a legendary person;[3] and the name Keikō-tennō was created for him posthumously by later generations.

No certain dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign.[4] The conventionally accepted names and sequence of the early emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of Emperor Kammu, who was the 50th monarch of the Yamato dynasty.[5]

Traditional history[change | change source]

Keikō is almost certainly a legend; but the Kojiki and Nihonshoki record his name.[6]

Events of Keikō's life[change | change source]

The limited information about Keikō does not imply that no such person ever existed. Very little information is available for study prior to the reign of the 29th monarch, Emperor Kimmei.[7]

In Kojiki, Keikō sent his one of his sons to Kyūshū to fight battles on his behalf. In Nihonshoki, Keikō fought and won these battles against local tribes. According to both sources, he sent Yamatotakeru to Izumo province and eastern provinces to expand his territory.[6]

After his death[change | change source]

This emperor's official name after his death (his posthumous name) was regularized many centuries after the lifetime which was ascribed to Keikō.[6]

The actual site of his grave is not known. According to the Imperial Household Agency, this emperor is venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Nara.[1] The kami of Emperor Keikō is also venerated at Anaho jinja in Anaho, Ōmi province.[8]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 景行天皇 (12); retrieved 2011-10-19.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 11-14; Brown, Delmer et al. (179). Gukanshō, pp. 254-255; Varley, Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 96-99; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, pp. 962-963.
  3. Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009; retrieved 2011-10-19.
  4. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 30.
  5. Aston, William George. (1896). Nihongi, pp. 109.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Aston, William. (1998). Nihongi. Vol. 1, pp. 188-214.
  7. Titsingh, pp. 34-36; Brown, pp. 261-262; Varley, pp. 123-124.
  8. Herbert, Jean. (2010). Shinto: at the Fountainhead of Japan, p. 367; Ponsonby-Fane, p. 127.

Other websites[change | change source]


Preceded by
Emperor Suinin
Legendary Emperor of Japan
Keikō

71-130
(traditional dates)
Succeeded by
Emperor Seimu