Mexico City

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Mexico City
México, D. F.
Mexico, D. F.


Motto: La Ciudad de los Palacios
(The City of Palaces)
México City within Mexico
Coordinates: 19°26′N 99°8′W / 19.433°N 99.133°W / 19.433; -99.133
Country  Mexico
Entity Federal District
  • March 13, 1325: Tenochtitlan[1]
  • August 13, 1521:
    Ciudad de México[2]
  • November 18, 1824: Distrito Federal[3]
 • Head of Government Miguel Ángel Mancera PRD
 • Senators[4] Pablo Gómez PRD
René Arce PRD
Federico Döring PAN
 • Deputies[5]
 • Total 1,485 km2 (573 sq mi)
  Ranked 32nd
Elevation 2,420 m (7,940 ft)
Highest elevation[7] 3,930 m (12,890 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,851,080
 • Rank 2nd
 • Density 5,960.3/km2 (15,437/sq mi)
 • Density rank 1st
Demonym Capitalino (a)
Defeño (a)
Mexiqueño (a)
Chilango (a)
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code 00–16
Area code
ISO 3166 code MX-DFE
HDI Increase 0.8307 Very High Ranked 1st
GDP $411.4 billion dollars[8]

^ b. Area of the Federal District that includes non-urban areas at the south

Mexico City is the capital and largest city in Mexico. It is also one of the most populous and polluted cities in the world. The Aztec people were here before the Spanish came and made Mexico City. It was founded in 1521 by Hernán Cortés. Today, about 8.5 million people live in the city, and about 18 million live in the Greater Mexico City urban area. The city of Mexico City ceased to exist in 1928. Since then, there is only the Federal District.

Mexico City's population is 18.1 million people. It is the second most populated city in the world after Tokyo in Japan and just slightly more populated than Mumbai in India.

Mexico City its divided by 16 boroughs: Álvaro Obregón, Azcapotzalco, Benito Juarez, Coyoacán, Cuajimalpa, Cuauhtémoc, Gustavo A. Madero, Iztacalco, Iztapalapa, Magdalena Contreras, Miguel Hidalgo, Milpa Alta, Tláhuac, Tlalpan, Venustiano Carranza and Xochimilco.


Mexico City was originally built on a lake, Lake Texcoco, which is now mostly drained. The ecology of the area has been much changed by the draining. Many of its native species, such as the Axolotl, are extinct, or in danger.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores – México". Retrieved April 17, 2011.
  2. "De la Colonia / 13 agosto de 1521: rendición de México-Tenochtitlan". Retrieved April 17, 2011.
  3. "Conmemora la SecretarĂ­a de Cultura el 185 Aniversario del Decreto de CreaciĂłn del Distrito Federal". Retrieved April 17, 2011.
  4. "Senadores por el Distrito Federal LXI Legislatura". Senado de la Republica. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
  5. "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Distrito Federal". Camara de Diputados. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
  6. "Resumen". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
  7. "Relieve". Cuentame INEGI. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
  8. "Global city GDP 2011". Brookings Institution. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
  9. "Largest Cities of the World - by population". Retrieved 2008-10-22. Including population within the recognized metro area of the city and also people living in the immediate surrounding area outside of the established border of the city the most populated cities in the world are: 1. Tokyo, Japan - 28,025,000, 2. Mexico City - 18,131,000, 3. Mumbai, India - 18,042,000, 4. São Paulo, Brazil - 17, 711,000, 5. New York City, USA - 16,626,000.
This article is about a World Heritage Site