|Area (rank)||2,271.30 km² (44th)|
|- % water||0.5%|
|Population (December 1, 2008)|
|- Population||1,379,338 (32nd)|
|- Density||606 /km²|
|- Flower||Deigo (Erythrina variegata)|
|- Tree||Pinus luchuensis (ryūkyūmatsu)|
|- Bird||Okinawa woodpecker (Sapheopipo noguchii)|
|- Fish||Banana Fish (Caesio diagramma,"Takasago", "Gurukun")|
Symbol of Okinawa Prefecture
|Template ■ Discussion|
Okinawa Prefecture (沖縄県 Okinawa-ken , Okinawan: Uchinaa-ken) is traditionally a prefecture in the Kyūshū region of Japan. Okinawa Prefecture is made up of islands which are southwest of the island of Kyushu. Recent government proposals recognize the prefecture as its own region.
History[change | edit source]
Timeline[change | edit source]
- 1429: Shō Hashi founded the Ryūkyū Kingdom
- 1609: Shimazu of Satsuma Province invade Ryukyu Kingdom
- 1853: Commodore Mathew Perry and US Navy ships at Naha
- 1875 (Meiji 5): Ryūkyū Domain is created
- 1879 (Meiji 12): Okinawa Prefecture was established.
- 1945 (Shōwa 20): US administration after World War II
- 1953 (Shōwa 28): Partial reversion to Japan
- 1972 (Shōwa 47): Reversion to Japan
- 2000 (Heisei 12): 26th G8 summit at Kyushu and Okinawa
Geography[change | edit source]
Cities[change | edit source]
Okinawa Prefecture has eleven cities. Okinawan names are in parentheses.
- Ginowan (Jinoon)
- Ishigaki (Ishigachi)
- Itoman (Ichuman)
- Miyakojima (Naaku)
- Nago (Nagu)
- Naha (Naafa) (capital)
- Nanjō (Nanjoo)
- Okinawa (Uchinaa) (formerly Koza)
- Tomigusuku (Timigushiku)
- Urasoe (Urashii)
- Uruma (Uruma)
Towns and villages[change | edit source]
These are the towns and villages in each district.
National Parks[change | edit source]
National Parks are established in about 19% of the total land area of the prefecture.
Shrines and Temples[change | edit source]
Naminouegū was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of the Ryukyu Islands. In 1890, the shrine was recognized in the system of State Shinto. It is among the ranked, nationally significant shrines or Kanpei-shōsha (官幣小社) which includes five sanctuaries.
Related pages[change | edit source]
References[change | edit source]
- Kanno, Eiji. (1998). New Japan Solo, p. 397; excerpt, "Administratively, Okinawa is part of Kyushu Region, even though it is l .000 km (625 miles) southwest of Kagoshima."
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Okinawa-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 746-747.
- Hook, Glenn D. (2011). Decoding Boundaries in Contemporary Japan: The Koizumi Administration and Beyond, pp. 145-146.
- Nussbaum, "Naha" at p. 686.
- Nussbaum, "Ryukyu Islands" at p. 801.
- Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): 26th G8 summit, overview.
- Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 127.
- List of Kankokuheisha (官国幣社), p. 3; retrieved 2012-8-26.
More reading[change | edit source]
- Kerr, George H. (1958). Okinawa: the History of an Island People. Rutland, Vermont: Charles Tuttle Co. OCLC 722356
- ___________. (1953). Ryukyu Kingdom and Province before 1945. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council. OCLC 5455582
Other websites[change | edit source]
- Okinawa Prefecture
- Okinawa Tourist Information
- Ryukyu Cultural Archives
- Okinawa Prefecture Official Home-page