Chiba Prefecture

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chiba Prefecture
Japanese: 千葉県
Chiba-ken
Map of Japan with Chiba highlighted
Capital Chiba
Region Kantō
Island Honshū
Governor Kensaku Morita
Area (rank) 5,156.15 km² (27th)
 - % water 0.8%
Population  (2008)
 - Population 6,122,000 (6th)
 - Density 1,187 /km²
Districts 6
Municipalities 56
ISO 3166-2 JP-12
Website http://www.pref.chiba.lg.jp/
english/index.html
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Rape blossom
 - Tree Kusamaki
 - Bird Meadow Bunting
 - Fish Seabream
[[Image:|130px|Symbol of Chiba Prefecture]]
Symbol of Chiba Prefecture
TemplateDiscussion

Chiba Prefecture (千葉県 Chiba-ken?) is a Japanese prefecture in the Kantō region on the island of Honshu.[1] The capital city is Chiba City.[2]

History[change | edit source]

Chiba Prefecture is made from the old province of Awa, Kazusa and Shimōsa.[3]

Geography[change | edit source]

Chiba borders Ibaraki Prefecture to the north at the Tone River, Tokyo and Saitama Prefecture to the west at the Edo River, the Pacific Ocean to the east and Tokyo Bay around its southern boundary. Most of Chiba lies on the hilly Bōsō Peninsula, a rice farming region: the east coast, known as the Ninety-Nine League Plain, is an especially productive area. The most populous zone, in the northwest of the prefecture, is part of the Kantō region that extends into the urban agglomeration of Tokyo and Saitama. The Kuroshio Current flows near Chiba, which keeps it relatively warm in winter and cooler in summer than neighbouring Tokyo.

Cities[change | edit source]

There are thirty-six cities in Chiba Prefecture:

‡ Scheduled to be dissolved after mergers.

Towns and villages[change | edit source]

Boso Peninsula
Map of Chiba Prefecture


These are the towns and villages in each district:

District Municipality
Awa District Kyonan
Chōsei District Chōnan
Chōsei
Ichinomiya
Mutsuzawa
Nagara
Shirako
Inba District Sakae
Shisui
District Municipality
Isumi District Onjuku
Ōtaki
Katori District Kōzaki
Tako
Tōnoshō
Sanbu District Kujūkuri
Ōamishirasato
Shibayama
Yokoshibahikari

National Parks[change | edit source]

National Parks are established in about 6% of the total land area of the prefecture.[4]

Economy[change | edit source]

Chiba is one of Japan's largest industrial areas because it has a long coastline on Tokyo Bay. After Chiba was chosen as the site for a major Kawasaki Steel factory in 1950, the prefectural government started a very large land reclamation program. They filled in the water areas to make large, new waterfront properties for factories, warehouses, and docks. Chemical production, petrochemical refining, and machine production are the three main industries in Chiba today; together, they account for forty-five percent of the prefecture's exports. In recent years, the government has funded more than eighty industrial parks to bring development further inland as well.

Chiba also has the second-highest farming output in Japan. Only Hokkaidō produces more farm products, and Chiba leads Hokkaidō in vegetable production. Seaweed is harvested in large quantities from Tokyo Bay.

Culture[change | edit source]

Sunset over Chiba, with Yokoshibahikari and Sosa visible.

Chiba in popular culture[change | edit source]

Sports[change | edit source]

Two major Japanese sport events happen in Chiba each year: the International Chiba Ekiden and the Chiba International Cross Country.

These sports teams are based in Chiba.

Football[change | edit source]

Baseball[change | edit source]

Rugby[change | edit source]

Transportation[change | edit source]

Most Tokyo-bound visitors going to Tokyo arriving on international flights land in Narita International Airport, which is situated in Narita in the north of the prefecture, and connected to Tokyo by the East Japan Railway's Narita Express and the Keisei Electric Railway's Skyliner.

Railway[change | edit source]

Tourism[change | edit source]

The Tokyo Disney Resort is in Urayasu near the western border of the prefecture.

There are several tourist sites on the Bōsō Peninsula, such as Mount Nokogiri; Kujūkuri Beach; and Onjuku Beach.

Chiba is linked to Tokyo by several railway lines; the main ones are the Keiyo Line and Sobu Line. The Musashino Line connects Chiba to Saitama and northern Tokyo. Southern Chiba is connected to Kanagawa Prefecture by the Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line bridge-tunnel.

Prefectural symbols[change | edit source]

Chiba is famous for peanuts. Most of Japan's peanuts are harvested in this prefecture and are also processed into peanut oil.[source?]

Shrines and Temples[change | edit source]

Awa jinja and Tamasaki jinja are the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture. [5]

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Chiba prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 109.
  2. Nussbaum, "Chiba" at p. 109.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture". Retrieved 2012-3-13.
  5. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 2. Retrieved 2012-3-14.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Chiba prefecture at Wikimedia Commons