1982 Lebanon war

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1982 Lebanon War
Part of Israeli–Palestinian conflict and Lebanese Civil War
Lebanese Army, Beirut, Lebanon 1982.jpg
Lebanese troops in Beirut, 1982
Date 6 June 1982 – June 1985
Location Southern Lebanon
Result Israeli military victory[1]
  • PLO was forced out / one-sided draw-back from Lebanon[2]
  • Destruction of Syrian SAM batteries in the Bekaa
  • Israeli occupation of the southern half of Lebanon (1982–85), draw back started in 1983 according to the 17 May Accord[3][4]
  • Collapse of Maronite-Israeli alliance, failure to achieve lasting Lebanese-Israeli peace[5]
  • Intervention of the MNF-L, consisting of American, French and Italian troops.
  • South Lebanon Security Zone and the SLA (1985–2000)
  • South Lebanon conflict (1982–2000)
  • Increased Syrian influence in Lebanon
  • Eventual establishment of Hezbollah
Territorial
changes
Israeli occupation of southern Lebanon (1982–1985). Syrian de facto occupation of Lebanon (1976–2005).
Participants
 Israel
Lebanon Lebanese Front

Flag of the Government of Free Lebanon.png SLA

Flag of Palestine.svg PLO
Syria Syria
Lebanon LNRF
Other armed groups:
Commanders and leaders
Israel:
Menachem Begin
(Prime Minister)
Ariel Sharon
(Ministry of Defence)
Rafael Eitan
(Army Chief of Staff)
David Ivry
(Israeli Air Force)
Ze'ev Almog
(Israeli Sea Corps)
Phalange:
Bachir Gemayel
Fadi Frem
Elie Hobeika
Al-Tanzim:
Fawzi Mahfuz
SLA:
Saad Haddad
PLO:
Yasser Arafat
(Chairman of the PLO)
Syria:
Hafez al-Assad
(President)
Mustafa Tlass
(Minister of Defense)
LCP:
George Hawi
Elias Atallah
Amal:
Nabih Berri
ASALA:
Monte Melkonian
PKK:
Mahsum Korkmaz
Ibrahim Kulaylat
Others:
Muhsin Ibrahim
Abbas al-Musawi
Ragheb Harb
Murat Karayılan
Inaam Raad
Said Shaaban
Strength
Israel:
78,000 troops
800 tanks
1,500 APCs
634 aircraft
LF:
30,000 troops
SLA:
5,000 troops
97 tanks
Syria:
22,000 troops
352 tanks
300 APCs
450 aircraft
300 artillery pieces
100 anti-aircraft guns
125 SAM batteries
PLO:
15,000 troops
80 tanks
150 APCs
350+ artillery pieces
250+ anti-aircraft guns
Casualties and losses
Israel:
1,216 killed[9]
(1982-2000)
Syrian & Palestinian combatants:
See Casualties below.
Civilians: See Casualties below.

The 1982 Lebanon war was part of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and the Lebanese Civil War. It began on 6 June 1982. Its another name in Israel is the Operation Peace for Galilee. It was later known as the Lebanon war or First Lebanon war. It began when the Israel Defense Forces attacked the southern Lebanon. The Government of Israel started the military operation after that the Abu Nidal Organization, Fatah, tried to assassinate Israel's ambassador to the United Kingdom, Shlomo Argov. This assassination was used by Begin as a reason for attacking the southern Lebanon.[10][11]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Gabriel, Richard , A, Operation Peace for Galilee, The Israeli-PLO War in Lebanon, New York: Hill & Wang. 1984, p. 167, 168, ISBN 0-8090-7454-0
  2. Hirst, David (2010). Beware of Small States. NationBooks. pp. 144–145. ISBN 978-1-56858-657-1.
  3. The May 17 Agreement Best in Lebanon
  4. 114 Agreement between Israel and Lebanon- 17 May 1983 Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  5. Morris, p. 559
  6. "In the Spotlight: PKK (A.k.a KADEK) Kurdish Worker's Party". Cdi.org. http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/pkk-pr.cfm. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  7. "Abdullah Öcalan en de ontwikkeling van de PKK". Xs4all.nl. http://www.xs4all.nl/~kicadam/kurdistan/2_99/ocalan.html. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  8. "a secret relationship". Niqash.org. http://www.niqash.org/content.php?contentTypeID=75&id=2285&lang=0. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
  9. Lorch, Netanel. "The Lebanon War: Operation Peace for Galilee (1982)". Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. http://mfa.gov.il/MFA/AboutIsrael/History/Pages/Operation%20Peace%20for%20Galilee%20-%201982.aspx. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  10. Kahalani, A Warriors Way, Shapolsky Publishers (1994) pp. 299–301
  11. Harvey W. Kushner, Encyclopedia of terrorism Sage Publications (2003), p.13