2005 civil unrest in France

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A burning car in Strasbourg

The 2005 civil unrest in France was a series of riots in October and November. Many cars and public buildings, for example schools were burnt. The riots started on October 25, 2005 in Clichy-sous-Bois, a suburb of Paris. Afterwards they spread to other parts of France. Together they lasted for about 3 weeks. The riots were a reaction to the accidental deaths of two teenage boys and the serious injuries of another. The three boys hid in a power substation and got an electric shock, after being chased by police. However the boys did not commit a crime.

The event starting the riots[change | change source]

The New York Times said the event started at 17:20 on 27 October 2005 in Clichy-sous-Bois. They said they know this from a police report. The police were called to a construction site, because of a burglary. Three teenagers thought they were being chased by the police, so they climed a fence of a power substation. This was because the feared long questioning by the police. Another 6 teenagers were caught by the police for questioning by 17:50. At 18:12 at the local police station in Livry-Gargan the lights went out because of a blackout. This black-out was caused by the death of Zyed Benna and Bouna Traoré in the power station and the injury of the third boy.

There is a controversy, if the boys were chased by police. The local prosecutor and Nicholas Sarkozy, who was minister of interior at that time said no. But the newspaper The Australian, who asked some of his friends, said yes.

Before this event there had been in issues with unemployment and police brutality in this town. But after this event mobs of protesters gathered. The Associated Press quoted a protester with "People are joining together to say we've had enough. We live in ghettos. Everyone lives in fear."

Statistics[change | change source]

  • Started: 17:20 on Thursday, 27 October 2005 in Clichy-sous-Bois.
  • Towns with riots: 274 (on November 7[1])
  • Property damage: 8,973 vehicles (Not including buildings).
  • Costs: Estimated at 200 million.

Statistics by night[change | change source]

day Number of cars burned arrests places with riots sources
1. Friday October 28, 2005 NA 27 Clichy-sous-Bois [2]
2. Saturday October 29, 2005 29 14 Clichy-sous-Bois [3]
3. Sunday October 30, 2005 30 19 Clichy-sous-Bois [4]
4. Monday October 31, 2005 NA NA Clichy-sous-Bois, Montfermeil  
5. Tuesday November 1, 2005 69 NA Seine-Saint-Denis [5]
6. Wednesday November 2, 2005 40 NA Seine-Saint-Denis, Seine-et-Marne, Val-de-Marne Val-d’Oise, Hauts-de-Seine  
7. Thursday November 3, 2005 315 29 Île-de-France, Dijon, Rouen, Bouches-du-Rhône [6]
8. Friday November 4, 2005 596 78 Île-de-France, Dijon, Rouen, Marseille [6][7]
9. Saturday November 5, 2005 897 253 Île-de-France, Rouen, Dijon, Marseille, Évreux, Roubaix, Tourcoing, Hem, Strasbourg, Rennes, Nantes, Nice, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Pau, Lille [8][9]
10. Sunday November 6, 2005 1,295 312 Île-de-France, Nord, Eure, Eure-et-Loir, Haute-Garonne, Loire-Atlantique, Essonne. [8]
11. Monday November 7, 2005 1,408 395 274 towns in total. Île-de-France, Hauts-de-France, Occitanie, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Grand Est, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. [10][11][12]
12. Tuesday November 8, 2005 1,173 330 Paris region, Lille, Auxerre, Toulouse, Grand Est, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté [13][14][15]
13. Wednesday November 9, 2005 617 280 116 towns in total. Paris region, Toulouse, Rhône, Gironde, Arras, Grasse, Dole, Bassens [16][17]

[18]

14. Thursday November 10, 2005 482 203 Toulouse, Belfort [19][20]

[21]

15. Friday November 11, 2005 463 201 Toulouse, Lille, Lyon, Strasbourg, Marseille [22]
16. Saturday November 12, 2005 502 206 NA [23]
17. Sunday November 13, 2005 374 212 Lyon, Toulouse, Carpentras, Dunkirk, Amiens, Grenoble  
18. Monday November 14, 2005 284 115 Toulouse, Faches-Thumesnil, Halluin, Grenoble [24]
19. Tuesday November 15, 2005 215 71 Saint-Chamond, Bourges [25]

[26]

20. Wednesday November 16, 2005 163 50 Paris region, Arras, Brest, Vitry-le-François, Romans-sur-Isère [27][28]
TOTAL 20 nights 8,973 2,888    

References[change | change source]

  1. France PM: Curfews to stem riots
  2. 3 in rioting in suburb of Paris get jail terms - The New York Times
  3. https://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20051029/wl_afp/franceriotpolice[dead link]
  4. Fires of 'civil war' erupt in Paris | World news | The Observer
  5. Riots Plague Paris Suburbs for Sixth Night | Fox News
  6. 6.0 6.1 Actualités en temps réel Le Nouvel Observateur
  7. BBC NEWS | Europe | French riots spread beyond Paris
  8. 8.0 8.1 1 295 véhicules ont brûlé cette nuit
  9. http://www.france-echos.com/actualite.php?cle=7518[dead link]
  10. Actualités en temps réel Le Nouvel Observateur
  11. AJE - Al Jazeera English
  12. http://edition.cnn.com/2005/WORLD/europe/11/07/france.riots/index.html[dead link]
  13. Une nuit marquée nombreuses violences surtout en province
  14. https://www.forbes.com/home/feeds/afx/2005/11/08/afx2323455.html[dead link]
  15. Business & Financial News, Breaking US & International News | Reuters.com
  16. Banlieues en crise : baisse sensible des violences, premiers couvre-feux
  17. http://edition.cnn.com/2005/WORLD/europe/11/09/france.riots/index.html[dead link]
  18. [1][2] [3]
  19. BBC NEWS | Europe | Curfew for riot-hit French towns
  20. [4]
  21. La nuit du 9 au 10 novembre
  22. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/11/10/ap/world/mainD8DPR93GD.shtml[dead link]
  23. Incidents pour la seizième nuit consécutive en France, la police en alerte
  24. [5]
  25. Unruhen flauen weiter ab ( NZZ Online) Archived 24 June 2007 at WebCite
  26. Le retour au calme semble se confirmer dans les banlieues
  27. La tendance à l'apaisement se confirme
  28. Erneut Nacht der Zerstörungen in Frankreich ( NZZ Online)