Indonesian language

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Bahasa Indonesia (lit. Indonesian language)
Native to Indonesia
 Timor Leste
 Timor Leste
 Saudi Arabia
 Hong Kong
 Sri Lanka
 Cocos Islands
 Christmas Island
 South Africa
South America:
North America:
 United States of America
 New Caledonia
 Papua New Guinea
Native speakers
~300 million (2020)[1]
Over 140 million L2 speakers
Latin (Indonesian alphabet)
Official status
Official language in
 Timor Leste[2]
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byBadan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa
Language codes
ISO 639-1id
ISO 639-2ind
ISO 639-3ind

Indonesian language (Indonesian: Bahasa Indonesia) is the national and official language of Indonesia and is used in the entire country. It is the language of official communication, taught in schools and used for broadcast in electronic and digital media. Being the top multilingual (especially trilingual)[3][4] country in the world, most Indonesians also speak their own ethnic or native languages, with the most widely spoken being Javanese and Sundanese which consequently give huge influence into the Indonesian language itself.[5][6]

With huge speakers throughout the country as well as by the diaspora who live abroad, Indonesian language is listed as one of the most spoken languages worldwide.[7] Indonesian language recognized as one of the official languages by several nations globally, such as Timor Leste, Vietnam, etc.[8] Indonesian language also officially taught and used in schools, universities, and institutions worldwide, especially in Australia, Netherlands, Japan, South Korea, Timor Leste, Vietnam, Taiwan, United States of America, United Kingdom, etc.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]

Having a long-established historical ties with European countries since the colonialism era, some of Indonesian terms has absorbed into some European languages, mainly the Dutch and English.[19] Indonesian language itself also has numerous loanwords which derived from the European languages, mainly from the Dutch, Portuguese, Spanish, and English. Indonesian language also has loanwords derived from Sanskrit, Chinese, and Arabic which diffused in Indonesian due to the trade and religious-based activities that had been done since ancient times within the Indonesian archipelago region.

References[change | change source]

  1. Indonesian at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. "East Timor Languages". Archived from the original on 4 Maret 2016. Retrieved 21 Maret 2016. Check date values in: |access-date= and |archive-date= (help)
  3. "Indonesia is The Most Trilingual Country in The World".
  4. "Indonesia Ranks As The Top Trilingual Country In The World". 2021.
  5. "Indonesian (language)". Ministry of Tourism, Republic of Indonesia.
  6. Poedjosoedarmo, Soepomo. "Javanese influence on Indonesian". The Australian National University.
  7. "The Most Spoken Languages Worldwide". Statista. 2021.
  8. "East Timor Languages". Archived from the original on 4 Maret 2016. Retrieved 21 Maret 2016. Check date values in: |access-date= and |archive-date= (help)
  9. "Indonesian Language Officially Taught at Vietnam National University".
  10. "Indonesian, Thai, and Spanish language versions of the 'Marugoto (A1) Japanese Online Course' are now available". Japanese-Language Institute, Kansai.
  11. "The Indonesian, Vietnamese and Thai Language Courses". Taiwan (Republic of China): Center for the Development of Language Teaching and Research, Asia University.
  12. "Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian language)". Harvard University: Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
  13. "Cambridge IGCSE Indonesian - Foreign Language". Cambridge University Press & Assessment. no-break space character in |title= at position 16 (help)
  14. "Indonesian Studies". The University of Adelaide, Australia.
  15. "Indonesia's geographic proximity and strategic importance to Australia make it vital to understand its peoples, politics, history, languages and cultures". The University of Melbourne.
  16. "Indonesian studies". Monash University, Australia.
  17. Hamish Curry. "Teaching Indonesian in Australian Schools". The University of Melbourne.
  18. "Department of Indonesian Studies". The University of Sydney, Australia.
  19. "Global Importance of Indonesia and the Indonesian Language". 2018.