Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic
Russian: Белорусская Советская Социалистическая Республика
Belarusian: Беларуская Савецкая Сацыялістычная Рэспубліка
Soviet Socialist Republic (1922-1991)
State emblem
State emblem
Workers of the world, unite!
Anthem of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic

Location of Byelorussia (red) within the Soviet Union.
Capital Minsk
Languages Official languages:
Byelorussian · Russian
Minority languages:
Polish · Ukrainian · Yiddish
Government Unitary Marxist-Leninist one-party Soviet-style socialist republic
First Secretary
 •  1920–1923 (first) Vilgelm Knorinsh
 •  1990–1991 (last) Anatoly Malofeyev
Prime Minister
 •  1920–1924 (first) Alexander Chervyakov
 •  1990–1991 (last) Vyachaslau Kebich
Head of state
 •  1920–1937 (first) Alexander Chervyakov
 •  1990–1991 (last) Mikalay Dzyemyantsyey
Legislature Congress of Soviets (1920–1938)
Supreme Soviet (1938–1991)
Historical era 20th century
 •  Republic declared 1 January 1919
 •  Soviet republic proclaimed 31 July 1920
 •  Admitted to Soviet Union 30 December 1922
 •  Annexation of Western Belarus 15 November 1939
 •  UN membership 24 October 1945
 •  Sovereignty declared 27 July 1990
 •  Independence declared 25 August 1991
 •  Internationally recognized 26 December 1991
 •  1989 census 207,600 km2 (80,200 sq mi)
 •  1989 census est. 10,199,709 
     Density 49/km2 (127/sq mi)
Currency Soviet ruble (руб) (SUR)
Calling code +7 015/016/017/02
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Lithuanian–Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic
Second Polish Republic
Reichskommissariat Ostland
Bezirk Bialystok
Reichskommissariat Ukraine
Reichskommissariat Ostland
Bezirk Bialystok
Reichskommissariat Ukraine
Polish People's Republic
Today part of  Belarus


The Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic was one of fifteen constituent republics of the Soviet Union (USSR). In 1922, it was one of the four founding members of the Soviet Union. The other three were the Ukrainian SSR, the Transcaucasian SFSR and the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR). Byelorussia was one of several Soviet republics occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II. The BSSR, along with the Ukrainian SSR and the Soviet Union, were founding members of the United Nations Organization (UN) in 1945. The end of the Soviet Republic occurred in 1991. The nation became an independent republic.

The country renamed itself as the Republic of Belarus. In earlier time periods, Western Europeans called Byelorussian territory as White Russia. During its early years in the USSR, the republic was sometimes known as the White Russian Soviet Socialist Republic.

References[change | change source]

  1. Note: Some parts, e.g., Švenčionys, Šalčininkai, Dieveniškės, Adutiškis, Druskininkai, were annexed in 1939 from Poland to Byelorussia, but passed to Lithuania in 1940