Child pornography

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Child pornography is a form of pornography showing children[1] which is against the law in many countries.[2] Child pornography is most often made by taking pictures or videos,[1] or more rarely sound recordings,[3] of children who are wearing less clothing than usual, wearing no clothing, or having sex. Child pornography is sometimes called "child sexual abuse images" because it is images (pictures) of a child who is being sexually abused.[1] Child pornography can also be drawn,[4] written,[5][6][7] or created by a computer.[8] In that case, it is called "simulated child pornography"[9] or "virtual child pornography"[10]: the child in the pornography is simulated or virtual, meaning the child is not real.[9][10][11]

Child pornography can be made by setting up a camera or other recording device and molesting a child. Child molestation is when an adult touches a child in the genital area (between the legs), or a child is made to touch an adult in the genital area. An adult touching any part of a child's body without consent (permission) from the child is also sometimes called molestation. Molestation is very harmful to children and can traumatize them for years or for the rest of their lives.[12] An adult recording an instance of molestation as child pornography also harms the child. This harm from the recording is added to the harm from the molestation itself. Knowing that the molestation was recorded can slow down the child's healing from the abuse. The adult who has the recording can sell the recording, or threaten to share it with other adults to scare the child in the recording and make them obey the adult.[13][14]

The Internet is a common place for people to share child pornography.[15][16] When police officers find child pornography on the Internet, it is difficult for them to track down the molester and the other people who have looked at the recording.[15] Between 2016 and 2018, many countries made their child pornography laws more similar, which let police from different countries work together more easily. In particular, the word "child" in the new child pornography laws is used as a synonym for legal minors under the age of 18.[2] This can be confusing because "child" usually means a person who has not yet reached puberty. However, in 2007, the United States already had laws forbidding pornography with models under 18, and most people who were arrested for owning child pornography around that time had images of children who have not started puberty.[17]

There are several possible reasons for a person to look at child pornography. The most common is that the viewer is a pedophile, hebephile, or ephebophile who finds minors sexually attractive and uses pornography featuring minors to induce arousal.[18] Viewers may be curious about the subject.[19] Or a person who plans to commit statutory rape may plan to show the pornography to a minor as a form of grooming to convince the minor that minors having sex with adults is normal.[20]

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References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Sanderson, Christiane (2004). The seduction of children: empowering parents and teachers to protect children from child sexual abuse (1st American pbk. ed ed.). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. ISBN 184310248X. OCLC 567962554.CS1 maint: Extra text (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Child Sexual Abuse Material: Model Legislation & Global Review". 2018. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  3. Yaman., Akdeniz, (2008). Internet child pornography and the law: national and international responses. Burlington, VT: Ashgate. ISBN 0754622975. OCLC 560604650.
  4. "163.1 Definition of "Child Pornography"". www.efc.ca. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  5. "Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition". Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  6. "Sharpe sentenced in B.C. child pornography case". CBC News. May 2002. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  7. "Ohio Appeals Court Overturns First-Ever Conviction for Writings in Private Diary". American Civil Liberties Union. 17 July 2003. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  8. "18 U.S. Code § 2252A - Certain activities relating to material constituting or containing child pornography". LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Battle over simulated child porn". CNET. 8 August 1997. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Al-Alosi, Hadeel (5 September 2017). "Virtual child pornography could both help and hinder law enforcement". The Conversation. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  11. Al-Alosi, Hadeel (2018). The Criminalisation of Fantasy Material: Law and Sexually Explicit Representations of Fictional Children. Routledge. ISBN 9781138572812.
  12. Widom, C. S. (August 1999). "Posttraumatic stress disorder in abused and neglected children grown up". The American Journal of Psychiatry 156 (8): 1223–1229. doi:10.1176/ajp.156.8.1223. ISSN 0002-953X. PMID 10450264. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10450264. 
  13. Sheldon, Kerry; Howitt, Dennis (2007). Sex offenders and the Internet. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0470028009. OCLC 124960029.
  14. Richard Wortley, Stephen Smallbone. "Child Pornography on the Internet". Problem-Oriented Guides for Police No. 41: pp. 14–16. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 Lewis, Angela (2005). Law Enforcement Efforts Against Child Pornography Are Ineffective. San Diego: Greenhaven Press.
  16. "Child Porn among Fastest Growing Internet Businesses". National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, US. 2005-08-05. Retrieved 2008-03-13.
  17. Wells, Melissa; Finkelhor, David; Wolak, Janis; Mitchell, Kimberly J. (2007-07-01). "Defining Child Pornography: Law Enforcement Dilemmas in Investigations of Internet Child Pornography Possession". Police Practice and Research 8 (3): 269–282. doi:10.1080/15614260701450765. ISSN 1561-4263. https://doi.org/10.1080/15614260701450765. 
  18. Lanning, Kenneth V. (2001). "Child Molesters: A Behavioral Analysis 4th ed". National Center for Missing and Exploited Children.
  19. U.S. Sentencing Commission (2012). "Child Pornography Offender Behavior". Report to the Congress: Federal Child Pornography Offenses (PDF).
  20. R., Levesque, Roger J. (1999). Sexual abuse of children: a human rights perspective. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0253334713. OCLC 40255970.

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