Gabriel García Márquez

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Gabriel García Márquez

García Márquez in February 2002
Born March 6, 1927(1927-03-06)
Aracataca, Colombia
Died April 17, 2014(2014-04-17) (aged 87)
Mexico City, Mexico
Occupation novelist, short-story writer, and journalist.
Nationality Colombian
Literary movement Magical Realism



Signature
This person was awarded a Nobel Prize

Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez, also known as Gabo (March 6, 1927[1]April 17, 2014) was a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter, and journalist.

Márquez was born in a small town in Columbia, Aracataca. He originally studied to become a journalist. He began writing at the age of eighteen. His first books were based on his life.

Today, he was known for his novels One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975) and Love in the Time of Cholera (1985). His books were mainly about satire, solitude, magic realism, realism, and violence.

He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in December 1982. The reason was "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts".

Márquez wrote his last book in 2004. He retired in May 2008 because of his age and health.

Márquez was suffering Alzheimer's disease since 2012. He lived with his wife, Mercedes Barcha in Mexico City. Márquez died in Mexico City from pneumonia. He was 87 years old.[2]

Early life[change | edit source]

Márquez in 1984

Márquez was born in Aracataca, Columbia. His parents were Gabriel Eligio García and Luisa Santiaga Márquez. His father was a pharmacist. His mother left him at a young age and he was raised by his grandparents and father. He studied at the University of Cartagena.

Career[change | edit source]

He started as a journalist, and has written many famous non-fiction works and short stories. Márquez began writing at the age of eighteen. His began writing about living in a old house with grandparents.

He is best known for his novels, such as One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975) and Love in the Time of Cholera (1985).

Most of his books are based or set in his birth place, Aracataca. He mostly wrote books about realism or magical realism. His motifs included solitude and violence.

Nobel Prize[change | edit source]

García Márquez signing a copy of One Hundred Years of Solitude in Havana, Cuba.

In 1982 he received the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts".[3][4] When he was accepting the award, Márquez gave a speech called "The Solitude of Latin America".

Recent Work[change | edit source]

In 2002, he published the memoir Vivir para contarla, the first of a projected three-volume autobiography. In 2004, he published another book called Memories of My Melancholy Whores. It caused many problems and controversies in Iran. This book is banned in Iran.

Movies[change | edit source]

Several of his stories have inspired other writers and directors. In 1987, the Italian director Francesco Rosi directed the movie Cronaca di una morte annunciata based on Chronicle of a Death Foretold written by Márquez.

A number of movies have been made of García Márquez's work. He also wrote some scripts for movies. He often worked with Carlos Fuentes writing scripts. His famous book, Love in the Time of Cholera was also made in a movie in 2007.

Personal life[change | edit source]

Márquez in 2005

Márquez met his wife, Mercedes Barcha, when they were in college. They wanted to get married when they both finish college. Márquez was sent to Europe. When he returned, Márquez married Barcha in 1958.

Márquez has two sons with Barcha. His first son, Rodrigo García, was born in 1959, one year after Márquez and Barcha were married. His second son, Gonzalo, was born in 1962 in Mexico. Rodrigo is a movie director and Gonzalo is a graphic designer.

Márquez in 2009

Márquez and his family traveled by bus to Mexico. They settled in Mexico City. Márquez had always wanted to see the Southern United States because it inspired the writings of William Faulkner.

Márquez lived with his family in Mexico City.

Health[change | edit source]

In 1999, García Márquez was diagnosed with lymphatic cancer. He went through chemotherapy and made a quick recovery. Márquez began developing side effects of old age which drove to his retirement in May 2008.

Since 2012, Márquez was suffering from Alzheimer's disease.[5] On April 3, 2014, Márquez was hospitalized in Mexico. He had infections in his lungs and his urinary tract and was suffering from dehydration. Márquez later had pneumonia.

Death[change | edit source]

Márquez died of pneumonia at age 87 in Mexico City, Mexico.[6] His remains were cremated the next day.

Bibliography[change | edit source]

Novels[change | edit source]

A plaque of Márquez in Paris

Short Story Collections[change | edit source]

Non-fiction[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

Further reading[change | edit source]

  • Bhalla, Alok (1987). Garcia Marquez and Latin America.
  • Bell, Michael (1993). Gabriel García Márquez: Solitude and Solidarity.
  • Bloom, Harold (2007). Gabriel García Márquez (Modern Critical Views).
  • Bloom, Harold (2006). Gabriel García Márquez (Bloom's BioCritiques).
  • Bloom, Harold (2006). One Hundred Years of Solitude (Modern Critical Interpretations).
  • Bloom, Harold (2005). Love in the time of cholera (Modern Critical Interpretations).
  • Darraj, Susan (2006). Gabriel García Márquez(The great Hispanic heritage).
  • Fahy, Thomas (2003). Gabriel García Márquez's Love in the time of cholera : a reader's guide.
  • Fiddian, Robin W. (1995). García Márquez.
  • Fuentes, Carlos (1987). Gabriel García Márquez and the Invention of America.
  • Janes, Regina (1981). Gabriel García Márquez: Revolutions in Wonderland.
  • McGuirk, Bernard (1987). Gabriel García Márquez: New Readings.
  • McMurray, George R. (1977). Gabriel García Márquez.
  • McMurray, George R. (1987). Critical essays on Gabriel García Márquez.
  • McMurray, George R. (1987). Gabriel García Márquez: Life, Work, and Criticism.
  • McNerney, Kathleen (1989). Understanding Gabriel García Márquez.
  • Mellen, Joan (2000). Gabriel Garcia Márquez.
  • Miller, Yvette E. (1985). Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
  • Oberhelman, Harley D. (1991). Gabriel García Márquez: A Study of the Short Fiction.
  • Ortega, Julio (1988). Gabriel García Márquez and the Powers of Fiction.
  • Oyarzún, Kemy (1984). Essays on Gabriel García Márquez.
  • Penuel, Arnold M. (1994). Intertextuality in García Márquez.
  • Pelayo, Rubén (2001). Gabriel García Márquez: A Critical Companion.
  • Shaw, Bradley A. (1986). Critical Perspectives on Gabriel García Márquez.
  • Vergara, Isabel (1998). Haunting demons : critical essays on the works of Gabriel García Márquez.
  • Villada, Gene (2002). Gabriel García Márquez's One hundred years of solitude : a casebook.
  • Williams, Raymond L. (1984). Gabriel García Márquez (Twayne's World Authors Series).

Other websites[change | edit source]