General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon
|F-16 Fighting Falcon|
|A US Air Force F-16C over Iraq in 2008|
|Role||Multirole fighter, air superiority fighter|
|National origin||United States|
|Manufacturer||General Dynamics |
|First flight||20 January 1974 (unplanned) |
2 February 1974 (official)
|Introduction||17 August 1978|
|Primary users||United States Air Force|
25 other users
|Number built||4,604 (June 2018)|
|Developed into||Vought Model 1600 |
General Dynamics F-16XL
The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon is a one-engine multirole combat aircraft. It was originally designed and built by General Dynamics, which is now part of Lockheed Martin. The United States Air Force (USAF) ordered the F-16 in 1972. The airplane first flew four years later in 1976. Over 4,600 F-16s have been built since then. The airplane has been used by more than 25 air forces around the world. It is also used by the Thunderbirds, the USAF's aerobatics team. As of 2015, there are more F-16s in military use than any other fixed-wing aircraft.
The F-16 is able to fly at twice the speed of sound. It is armed with a M61 Vulcan cannon and has eleven places where weapons or other equipment can be attached. It was the first production combat airplane to be designed with relaxed stability and fly-by-wire controls to make it highly agile in the air. Its designers also used many other new ideas such as a bubble canopy to help the pilot see better and a control stick on the side of the cockpit to make it easier to steer during tight turns and high g-forces.
The F-16's official name is "Fighting Falcon", but it is often called the "Viper" by its pilots and crews. The nickname came from the fact that the viper snake is known for its deadly fangs and venom, and because the Colonial Viper spacecraft from Battlestar Galactica was popular when the airplane was introduced to the USAF.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
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- Aleshire 2005, p. xxii.
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- "F-16 Fighting Falcon". Lockheed Martin. Retrieved 14 October 2019.