List of countries where Tamil is an official language
The Tamil language is one of the oldest living languages of the earth and which gives birth to the new languages such as Kannada and Malayalam in 15th Century and it is the first language to be declare as the classical language of India. Tamil was one of the dominant language of trade during the pre-colonial era by people like Ainnurruvar and such as Tamil inscriptions and coins found on many parts of Asia and Africa such as on China, Cambodia, Egypt and Indonesia. 
During 18th Century, the British and French rules brought the Tamils to the many parts of Asia and Africa which makes many countries with significant Tamil speakers and cultural impact such as there are more than 2,100,000 speakers of Tamil language in the Malaysia itself.
- 1 Sovereign states
- 2 Dependent entities where Tamil is an official language
- 3 Recognized as minority language
- 4 Partially recognized and unrecognized territories
- 5 Former territories where Tamil was an official language
- 6 Countries where Tamil is used and has cultural impact but not official
- 7 References
- 8 Other websites
Sovereign states[change | change source]
|Sri Lanka||Asia||5,007,003||Sovereign State|
Dependent entities where Tamil is an official language[change | change source]
|1||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Asia||379,944||Union Territory of India|
|2||Pondicherry||Asia||1,244,464||Union Territory of India|
|3||Tamil Nadu||Asia||72,138,958||State of India|
Recognized as minority language[change | change source]
|South Africa||250,000||Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 - Chapter 1: Founding Provisions states "A Pan South African Language Board established by national legislation must promote and ensure respect for Tamil" along with other minority languages.|
|Malaysia||1,800,000||Malaysian government recognize Tamil as a minority language along with Chinese. The "national-type" school's medium of instruction is either in Tamil or Chinese.|
|Mauritius||72,089||Tamils are the first immigrants to Mauritius who were brought by French. Later British brought Tamils to fight with French and as a recognition, Tamil is being used on the currency of Mauritius.|
Partially recognized and unrecognized territories[change | change source]
|Tamil Eelam (Eelam)||Claiming sovereignty over the North and Eastern Sri Lanka and Puttalam district as|
|Karaikal||Claiming for a separate union territory in India.|
Former territories where Tamil was an official language[change | change source]
|Haryana||Tamil was an official language of the Indian state of Haryana until it was replaced by the Punjabi.|
|Chandigarh||Tamil was an official language of the Indian Union Territory of Chandigarh until it was replaced by the Punjabi.|
Countries where Tamil is used and has cultural impact but not official[change | change source]
There are also claims for to make Tamil as official language of India and UN.
References[change | change source]
- [archaeologyindia.com "Tamil Inscriptions"]. archaeologyindia. archaeologyindia.com. "Tamil Inscriptions of Egypt and Thailand"
- Wong, Aline (2000-11-24). "Education in a Multicultural Setting - The Singapore Experience". Ministry of Education, Government of Singapore. http://www.moe.gov.sg/media/speeches/2000/sp24112000_print.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-18. "There are four official languages: English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil."
- "Department of Statistics, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Republic of Singapore". Census of population 2010. Department of statistics Singapore. http://www.singstat.gov.sg/docs/default-source/default-document-library/publications/publications_and_papers/cop2010/census_2010_release1/cop2010sr1.pdf.
- "Language Dept Sri Lanka". http://www.languagesdept.gov.lk/. "Tamil and Sinhala official language of Sri Lanka"
- "Census of Population and Housing of Sri Lanka, 2012". Census of Population and Housing of Sri Lanka, 2012. Department of Census and Statistics-Sri Lanka. http://www.statistics.gov.lk/PopHouSat/CPH2011/Pages/Activities/Reports/FinalReport/Population/Table%20A3.pdf.
- Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 - Chapter 1: Founding Provisions - South African Government
- National Identity and Minority Languages
- A Brief History of the Tamils of Mauritius
- "Reunion Culture". http://www.reunionisland.fr/culture.html.
- "Seychelles National Culture". http://www.nation.sc/index.php?art=8258.
- "Make Tamil as Official Language". http://m.indianexpress.com/news/%22-make-tamil-an-official-language-%22/949043/.