Mujaddid

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Mujaddid (Arabic: مجدد‎) in Islam is a reformer who is given the task of removing errors that have occurred among Muslims. Their job is to show people the great religious truths which the Muslim community will be asked to face.[1]

The Arabic word mujaddid means "reformer", "renewer" or "regenerator". It is someone who revives and changes the religion. The concept of tajdid (renewal or revival) and the term mujaddid come rather from a hadith, a statement of the Prophet Muhammad. This hadith was written down by Abu Dawood in his Sunan, one of the six authoritative Sunni collections of the Prophet's statements. In this hadith, the Prophet says:

"Allah will raise for this community at the end of every hundred years the one who will renovate its religion for it."[2]

This means reform is in the essential nature of Islam and Muslims are called all the time to work hard to make new ideas cope with tradition. It also means that not everything in the Muslim tradition is useful and good for this modern age; there are certain things that were possible in the past but are no longer relevant today. Slavery would be a prime example.[3]

The concept of tajdid in Islamic thought[change | change source]

Tajdid (renewal) in Islamic thought means renewing the ideology representing the intellectual product of Muslims in the fields of science, knowledge and ijtihad to interpret Islam and understand and explicate its rulings.

Al-Suyuti mentioned in his book Al-Jami' al-Sagheer, "Renewing religion means renewing its guidance, clarifying its truth and precedence, refuting the innovations and extremism presented to its followers or their reluctance in upholding it, and following its rules in managing the interests of the people and the law of society and civilization."[4]

Among the most manifest aspects of tajdid (renewal) in Islamic thought is the renewal of Islamic sciences as follows:[5]

  1. The science of Islamic doctrine.
  2. The Principles of Islamic jurisprudence.
  3. The science of Jurisprudence.
  4. The science of the sunnah.
  5. The science of Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir).
  6. The science of Purification and Code of Conduct (Sufism).
  7. The biography of the Prophet and Islamic history.

The reformers in Islam[change | change source]

There is no formal mechanism for designating a mujaddid. The persons of this list are claimed to be Mujaddid.

1th Century AH[change | change source]

2th Century AH[change | change source]

3th Century AH[change | change source]

4th Century AH[change | change source]

5th Century AH[change | change source]

6th Century AH[change | change source]

7th Century AH[change | change source]

8th Century AH[change | change source]

9th Century AH[change | change source]

10th Century AH[change | change source]

11th Century AH[change | change source]

12th Century AH[change | change source]

13th Century AH[change | change source]

14th Century AH[change | change source]

Controversial figures[change | change source]

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  • Tuhfat al-Muhtadin bi Akhbar al-Mujaddidin (Arabic: تحفة المهتدين بأخبار المجددين‎) by Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti.
  • Mausu'at A'lam al-Mujaddidin fi al-Islam (Arabic: موسوعة أعلام المجددين في الإسلام‎) by Samih Kurayyim.
  • Mujaddid - Islamic Encyclopedia
  1. Ali, Maulana Muhammad (2011). The Religion of Islam by Muhammad Ali. Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat Islam Lahore USA. p. 190. ISBN 978-1-934271-18-6.
  2. "Hadith - Book of Battles (Kitab Al-Malahim) - Sunan Abi Dawud - Sunnah.com - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)". sunnah.com.
  3. Islam and modernity: Islamist movements and the politics of position by Said Mentak.
  4. "Reform (Islah) and Renewal (Tajdid) in Islamic Thought". Dar al-Ifta al-Misriyyah.
  5. "Renewal (Tajdid) in Islamic sciences". Dar al-Ifta al-Misriyyah.

Other websites[change | change source]