Suleiman the Magnificent

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Suleiman the Magnificent
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
EmperorSuleiman.jpg
Suleiman I attributed to Titian c.1530
Reign 1520–1566 (46 years)
Coronation 1520
Full name Sultan Suleiman Khan
Titles Sultan of Sultans,
The Shadow of God on Earth (Caliph),
Caesar of all the lands of Rome
Born (1494-11-06)November 6, 1494
Birthplace Trabzon
Died September 7, 1566(1566-09-07) (aged 71)
Place of death Szigetvar, Hungary
Buried Süleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul
Predecessor Selim I
Successor Selim II
Consort Roxelana
Mahidevran
Gülfem
Children Mahmud
Mustafa
Murad
Mehmed
Mihrimah
Abdullah
Selim II
Bayezid
Raziye
Cihangir
Royal House House of Osman
Father Selim I
Mother Hafsa Sultan

Suleiman I [1] (6 November 1453 – 5/6 September 1566), was the tenth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He became sultan when he was 26 years old. He reigned for 46 years, from 1520 to 1566, which was longer than any other Ottoman sultan. He is known in the West as Suleiman the Magnificent[2] and in the Islamic world, as the Lawgiver (in Turkish Kanuni; Arabic: القانونى‎, al‐Qānūnī), because he reconstructed the Ottoman legal system. He also led many wars in Europe, including wars in Hungary, the Mediterranean, and parts of North Africa.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. سليمان Sulaymān, Süleyman; almost always Kanuni Sultan Süleyman in Turkish
  2. Merriman.

Sources[change | change source]

  • "1548-49". The Encyclopedia of World History. 2001. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  • "1553-55". The Encyclopedia of World History. 2001. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  • "A 400 Year Old Love Poem". Women in World History Curriculum Showcase. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  • Embree, Mark (2004). "Suleiman The Magnificent". Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  • Halman, Talat (1988). "Suleyman the Magnificent Poet". Archived from the original on 2006-03-09. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  • "The History of Malta". 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-27.
  • Hope, Maggie. "Suleiman The Magnificent". Retrieved 2007-04-18.
  • "Muhibbî (Kanunî Sultan Süleyman)". Türkçe Bilgi—Kim kimdir? (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-01-13.
  • Russell, John (2007-01-26). "The Age of Sultan Suleyman". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-08-09. Check date values in: |date= (help)

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Bridge, Anthony (1983). Suleiman the Magnificent, Scourge of Heaven. New York: F. Watts. OCLC 9853956.
  • Downey, Fairfax Davis. The Grand Turke, Suleyman the Magnificent, sultan of the Ottomans. New York: Minton, Balch & Company. OCLC 25776191.
  • Hooker, Richard. "The Ottomans: Suleyman". Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  • Lybyer, Albert Howe (1913). The government of the Ottoman empire in the time of Suleiman the Magnificent. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. OCLC 1562148.

Other websites[change | change source]