Suleiman the Magnificent

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Suleiman the Magnificent
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Suleiman I attributed to Titian c.1530
Reign 1520–1566 (46 years)
Coronation 1520
Full name Sultan Suleiman Khan
Titles Sultan of Sultans,
The Shadow of God on Earth (Caliph),
Caesar of all the lands of Rome
Born (1494-11-06)November 6, 1494
Birthplace Trabzon
Died September 7, 1566(1566-09-07) (aged 71)
Place of death Szigetvar, Hungary
Buried Süleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul
Predecessor Selim I
Successor Selim II
Consort Roxelana
Children Mahmud
Selim II
Royal House House of Osman
Father Selim I
Mother Hafsa Sultan

Suleiman I [1] (6 November 1494 – 5/6 September 1566), was the tenth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He became sultan when he was 26 years old. He reigned for 46 years, from 1520 to 1566, which was longer than any other Ottoman sultan. He is known in the West as Suleiman the Magnificent[2] and in the Islamic world, as the Lawgiver (in Turkish Kanuni; Arabic: القانونى‎, al‐Qānūnī), because he reconstructed the Ottoman legal system. He also led many wars in Europe, including wars in Hungary, the Mediterranean, and parts of North Africa.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. سليمان Sulaymān, Süleyman; almost always Kanuni Sultan Süleyman in Turkish
  2. Merriman.

Sources[change | change source]

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Bridge, Anthony (1983). Suleiman the Magnificent, Scourge of Heaven. New York: F. Watts. OCLC 9853956. 
  • Downey, Fairfax Davis. The Grand Turke, Suleyman the Magnificent, sultan of the Ottomans. New York: Minton, Balch & Company. OCLC 25776191. 
  • Hooker, Richard. "The Ottomans: Suleyman". Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  • Lybyer, Albert Howe (1913). The government of the Ottoman empire in the time of Suleiman the Magnificent. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. OCLC 1562148. 

Other websites[change | change source]