Persian Inscriptions on Indian Monuments

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
persian epigraphical
Cover page for
AuthorAli-Asghar Hekmat
Dr. Ajam
Original titleنقش پارسی بر احجار هند
IllustratorDr.Mohammad Ajam
Cover artistDr.Ajam
LanguagePersian -English
SubjectPersian Inscriptions on the Indian Monuments
PublisherTehran University . New Delhi, Tehran university
Publication date
1956- 1958 - 2013
Akbar's Tomb inscribed with Persian poems

Persian Inscriptions on Indian Monuments is a book written by Dr. Ali-Asghar Hekmat. It was published in 1956, 1958 and 2013. New print has the Persian texts of more than 200 stone inscriptions found on historical places in India, many of which are now listed as national heritage or UNESCO world heritage sites.[2][3]

Third edition[change | change source]

After being lost for over 50 years, a third edition of the book has been printed by Dr. Mohammad Ajam with 200 pictures. the book is important for students of Persian language and teachers.

Book contents[change | change source]

In India, Persian inscriptions are usually found on buildings such as mosques , tombs,forts, palaces, gateways, water tanks, wells, gardens and bridges. Certain movable objects such as seals, signets, vases and eating pot. Most pre-Mughal Indian quranic and Persian inscriptions in India date from the last decade of the 12th century AD, when Muhammad Ghori (Guri) conquered Delhi and established his ruling there. However, a small number of inscriptions have been found in Haryana, Gujarat and Kerala which bear earlier dates. the persian language was official language of courts in India for 600 years . .[4]

Palaces, citadels[change | change source]

The book explain Persian Inscriptions on many palaces and fort in India including:

  1. Red castle or The Red Fort is a historic fort in the city of Delhi that served as the main residence of the Mughal Emperors. Emperor Shah Jahan commissioned construction of the Red Fort on 12 May 1638, when he decided to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi. Originally red and white, Shah Jahan's favourite colours, its design is credited to architect Ustad Ahmad Lahori, who also constructed the Taj Mahal. It was constructed between May 1639 and April was conquered by Nader shah of Persia.
  2. in the Rashtrapati Bhavan and the buildings in this complex there are many persian inscriptions especialy in the hall of Ashoka (former Persika). is the official residence of the President of India in New Delhi, Rashtrapati Bhavan may refer to only the 340-room main building that has the president's official residence, including reception halls, guest rooms and offices, also called the mansion; it may also refer to the entire 130-hectare (320 acre) Presidential Estate that additionally includes huge presidential gardens (Mughal Gardens), large open spaces, residences of bodyguards and staff, stables, other offices and utilities within its perimeter walls.
    Short Film about Rashtrapati Bhavan
    In terms of area, it is the largest residence of any head of state in the world.[5]


Mausoleums[change | change source]

The book describes 47 Mausoleum and tombs in India inscribed with Persian Inscriptions.

  1. Mausoleum of Akbar or Akbar's tomb is the tomb of the Mughal emperor Akbar. This tomb is an important heritage . It was built in 1605–1613 by his son Jahangir and is located in 119 acres of grounds in Sikandra, in Agra, the best marble stone inscribed with Persian Inscriptions and poem.
Akbar's Tomb of external entrance from the road, built to imitate the Buland Darwaza at Fatehpur Sikri, the city, Akbar founded

Persian inscription in the mosques[change | change source]

The book had described Persian inscription in the 14 mosques in India including:

  1. The Jama Masjid, Delhi of Delhi, is one of the largest mosques in India. It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan between 1650 and 1656 The mosque was completed in 1656 AD with three great gates and two 40 metres high minarets constructed with strips of red sandstone and white marble. The courtyard can accommodate more than 25000 people. There are three domes on the terrace which are surrounded by the two minarets. The architectural plan of Badshahi Masjid, built by Shah Jahan's son Aurangzeb at Lahore, is similar to the Jama Masjid, Delhi.

.[9] Shah Jahan also built the Taj Mahal, at Agra and the Red Fort in Old Delhi, which stands opposite the Jama remained the royal mosque of the emperors until the end of the Mughal period.[10]


References[change | change source]

  1. "کتاب نقش پارسی بر بناهای فاخر هند | پژوهشهای ایرانی.دریای پارس". Archived from the original on 2020-11-12.
  2. Iran, India relations span centuries marked by meaningful interactions Dr.Mohammad Ajam
  3. Persian Inscriptions on Indian Monuments Dr.Mohammad Ajam
  4. Ajam, Mohammad (29 April 2013). "Persian Inscriptions on the Indian Monuments". parssea. Archived from the original on 2020-11-12. Retrieved 15 June 2020. Text was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  5. Ajam, Mohammad (29 April 2013). "Persian Inscriptions on the Indian Monuments". parssea. Archived from the original on 2020-11-12. Retrieved 15 June 2020. Text was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
  6. "Making of Rashtrapati Bhavan". Retrieved 2019-05-26.
  7. "Iran, India relations span centuries marked by meaningful interactions". IRNA English. 22 January 2014.
  8. "رايزني ج.ا.ا در ژاپن - ژاپني - News > インドの遺跡におけるペルシア語の碑文". Archived from the original on 2020-06-23. Retrieved 2021-09-07.
  9. "Jama Masjid, Delhi". Cultural India website. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  10. Persian Inscriptions on Jamamasjid by Dr.Mohammad Ajam

Gallery[change | change source]

some Pictures of the Indian important places which have Persian inscriptions and have been explained in the book: more pictures in flicker 3d pan white

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]