A new town, planned community, or planned city is a kind of city that is designed by architects and engineers before it is built. Most cities and towns just develop over the years, without a clear plan, and urban planning is used only for later expansion.
Planned communities are designed with separate districts of the city for parks, stores, homes, and offices. Many planned communities have a transportation system for commuters.
There are many examples of capital cities being planned throughout history like Baghdad, Iraq; Washington D.C., United States; New Delhi, India; Canberra, Australia; Brasília, Brazil; and Naypyidaw, Myanmar.
Pictures[change | change source]
The idea of planning a city is not new. This map shows that the ancient Greek city of Miletus (in Turkey today) had a grid plan, arranging its buildings in regular square blocks with streets in between.
Baghdad, the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate (758 CE–1258 CE) had a circular shape. Today, nothing survives of the "round city".
Canberra was designed by the architect Walter Burley Griffin in the early 20th century, to be a new capital for Australia.
Brasília was designed by architects Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer to be a new capital for Brazil. It was completed in 1960, and is shaped like an airplane or a bird.
In contrast, London was not planned. This map dates from around 1560.
It is easy to see the grid plan in Manhattan, in New York City. Central Park is the large rectangular green space. The plan was put into place in 1811.
When Barcelona, Spain expanded in the late 19th century, the architect Ildefons Cerdà created a plan. Older parts of the city do not follow the plan.