Robert Mugabe

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Robert Gabriel Mugabe
Robert Mugabe at the African Union summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on 31 January 2008.
2nd President of Zimbabwe
Incumbent
Assumed office
31 December 1987
Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai
Vice President Joseph Msika
Joice Mujuru
Vice PM Arthur Mutambara
Thokozani Khuphe
Preceded by Canaan Banana
1st Prime Minister of Zimbabwe
In office
18 April 1980 – 31 December 1987
President Canaan Banana
Preceded by Abel Muzorewa (Zimbabwe Rhodesia)
Succeeded by Morgan Tsvangirai
Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement
In office
6 September 1986 – 7 September 1989
Preceded by Zail Singh
Succeeded by Janez Drnovsek
Personal details
Born 21 February 1924 (1924-02-21) (age 90)
Kutama, Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia
Political party ZANU-PF
Spouse(s) Sally Hayfron (dead)
Grace Marufu
Alma mater University of Fort Hare
University of London
University of South Africa
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature

Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is the President of Zimbabwe. He has been the president since 1987. Before that, he was Prime Minister, the head of government, after being elected in 1980.[1] Especially in the last few years, Mugabe has ruled his country in the style of a dictator.

His first years as leader were prosperous. He introduced land reforms, which were supposed to give the land claimed by white people back to the (original) black owners.[2] This has had a serious impact on how the country is seen from outside. In recent years, Mugabe has allowed violence against the white citizens of the country as well as to opposition leaders of all races. The reforms were done in 1998. In 2001, the United Nations imposed sanctions against Zimbabwe. This was done because human rights abuses came to the attention of the United Nations.

Now, people are unsure how the country can tackle its problems. Also, it is unclear what will happen after Mugabe dies. Mugabe has become increasingly unpopular in Zimbabwe and many in the country are now calling for his regime to end.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Chan, Stephen (2003). Robert Mugabe: A Life of Power and Violence. p. 123.
  2. Africa Recovery, United Nations (1998). "Zimbabwe presses land distribution". http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec/subjindx/123land.htm.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Robert Mugabe at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Robert Mugabe at Wikiquote