Robert Mugabe

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Robert Mugabe
A photograph of Robert Mugabe
Mugabe on a visit to Moscow in May 2015
2nd President of Zimbabwe
Assumed office
31 December 1987
Under house arrest since 14 November 2017
Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai (2009–2013)
Vice President Joshua Nkomo (1987–1999)
Simon Muzenda (1987–2003)
Joseph Msika (1999–2009)
Joice Mujuru (2004–2014)
John Nkomo (2009–2013)
Emmerson Mnangagwa
(2014–2016)
Phelekezela Mphoko
(2014–2017)
Preceded by Canaan Banana
1st Prime Minister of Zimbabwe
In office
18 April 1980 – 22 December 1987
President Canaan Banana
Deputy Simon Muzenda
Preceded by Abel Muzorewa
(Zimbabwe Rhodesia)
Succeeded by Morgan Tsvangirai (2009)
13th Chairperson of the African Union
In office
30 January 2015 – 30 January 2016
Preceded by Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Succeeded by Idriss Déby
Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement
In office
6 September 1986 – 7 September 1989
Preceded by Zail Singh
Succeeded by Janez Drnovšek
Personal details
Born Robert Gabriel Mugabe
21 February 1924 (1924-02-21) (age 93)
Kutama, Southern Rhodesia
(now Zimbabwe)
Political party Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (1987–present)
Other political
affiliations
National Democratic Party (1960–1961)
Zimbabwe African People's Union (1961–1963)
Zimbabwe African National Union (1963–1987)
Spouse(s) Sally Hayfron (1961–1992; her death)
Grace Marufu (1996–present)
Children Nhamodzenyika (deceased)
Bona
Robert Peter
Bellarmine Chatunga
Education Kutama College
Alma mater University of Fort Hare
University of South Africa
University of London
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature

Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is the 2nd President of Zimbabwe since 1987. Before that, he was Prime Minister, the head of government, after being elected in 1980.[1] Especially in the last few years, Mugabe has ruled his country in the style of a dictator.

His first years as leader were prosperous. He introduced land reforms, which were supposed to give the land claimed by white people back to the (original) black owners.[2] This has had a serious impact on how the country is seen from outside. In recent years, Mugabe has allowed violence against the white citizens of the country as well as to opposition leaders of all races. The reforms were done in 1998. In 2001, the United Nations imposed sanctions against Zimbabwe. This was done because human rights abuses came to the attention of the United Nations.

Now, people are unsure how the country can tackle its problems. Also, it is unclear what will happen after Mugabe dies. Mugabe has become increasingly unpopular in Zimbabwe and many in the country are now calling for his regime to end. He is currently the world's oldest head of state.

On November 15, 2017, he was placed under house arrest[3] as Zimbabwe's military took control in a coup.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Chan, Stephen (2003). Robert Mugabe: A Life of Power and Violence. p. 123. 
  2. Africa Recovery, United Nations (1998). "Zimbabwe presses land distribution". 
  3. "Robert Mugabe 'under house arrest'" (in en-GB). BBC News. 2017-11-15. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-41997982.
  4. "Robert Mugabe 'under house arrest'" (in en-GB). BBC News. 2017-11-15. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-41997982.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Robert Mugabe at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Robert Mugabe at Wikiquote