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Robert Mugabe

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Robert Mugabe
A photograph of Robert Mugabe
2nd President of Zimbabwe
In office
31 December 1987 – 21 November 2017
Prime MinisterMorgan Tsvangirai (2009–2013)
First Vice President
Second Vice President
Preceded byCanaan Banana
Succeeded byEmmerson Mnangagwa
1st Prime Minister of Zimbabwe
In office
18 April 1980 – 31 December 1987
PresidentCanaan Banana
DeputySimon Muzenda
Preceded byAbel Muzorewa (Zimbabwe Rhodesia)
Succeeded byMorgan Tsvangirai (2009)
Leader and First Secretary of ZANU–PF
Zimbabwe African National Union (1975–1987)
In office
18 March 1975 – 19 November 2017
Second Secretary
Preceded byHerbert Chitepo
Succeeded byEmmerson Mnangagwa
13th Chairperson of the African Union
In office
30 January 2015 – 30 January 2016
LeaderNkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
Preceded byMohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Succeeded byIdriss Déby
10th Secretary General of the
Non-Aligned Movement
In office
6 September 1986 – 7 September 1989
DeputyJanez Drnovšek
Preceded byZail Singh
Succeeded byJanez Drnovšek
Personal details
Robert Gabriel Mugabe

(1924-02-21)21 February 1924
Kutama, Southern Rhodesia
Died6 September 2019(2019-09-06) (aged 95)
Political partyNational Democratic Party (1960–1961)
Zimbabwe African People's Union (1961–1963)
Zimbabwe African National Union (1963–1987)
Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (1987–2017)
(m. 1961; died 1992)

(m. 1996)
Children4, including Bona
Alma materUniversity of Fort Hare
University of South Africa
University of London International Programmes

Robert Gabriel Mugabe (21 February 1924 – 6 September 2019) was a Zimbabwean politician. He was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 to 2017. Before that, he was Prime Minister, the head of government, after being elected in 1980.[1] For many years before he resigned, Mugabe ruled his country in the style of a dictator.

Presidency[change | change source]

His first years as leader were prosperous. He introduced land reforms, which were supposed to give the land owned by white people back to the "original" black owners.[2] This has had a serious impact on how the country is seen from outside. In recent years, Mugabe has allowed violence against the white citizens of the country as well as to opposition leaders of all races. The reforms were done in 1998. In 2001, the United Nations imposed sanctions against Zimbabwe. This was done because human rights abuses came to the attention of the United Nations. Mugabe was known to be close with former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad.[3]

On November 15, 2017, he was placed under house arrest[4] as Zimbabwe's military took control in a coup.[5] On November 21, 2017, Mugabe resigned as President of Zimbabwe.[6] It ended his rule of 40 years.

Death[change | change source]

Mugabe was hospitalized in April 2019, making the last of several trips to Singapore for medical treatment.[7][8] He died on 6 September 2019 at a Singapore hospital, at the age of 95.[9] The cause of death was prostate cancer.[10]

References[change | change source]

  1. Chan, Stephen (2003). Robert Mugabe: A Life of Power and Violence. University of Michigan Press. p. 123. ISBN 9780472113361.
  2. Africa Recovery, United Nations (1998). "Zimbabwe presses land distribution".
  3. "Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe In Surprise Visit To Malaysia". NDTV.com. 2016-10-07.
  4. "Robert Mugabe 'under house arrest'". BBC News. 2017-11-15. Retrieved 2017-11-15.
  5. "Robert Mugabe 'under house arrest'". BBC News. 2017-11-15. Retrieved 2017-11-15.
  6. "Zimbabwe's President Mugabe 'resigns'". BBC News. 2017-11-21. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  7. Burke, Jason; Smith, David (6 September 2019). "Robert Mugabe: former Zimbabwean president dies aged 95". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  8. "Zimbabwe's former president Robert Mugabe dies in Singapore". Reuters. 6 September 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  9. "Zimbabwe ex-President Robert Mugabe dies aged 95". BBC News. 6 September 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  10. "Former President Mugabe cause of death revealed". The Herald. Retrieved 23 September 2019.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Robert Mugabe at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Robert Mugabe at Wikiquote