Robert Mugabe

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Robert Mugabe
A photograph of Robert Mugabe
Mugabe on a visit to Moscow in May 2015
2nd President of Zimbabwe
In office
31 December 1987 – 21 November 2017
Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai (2009–2013)
Vice President Joshua Nkomo (1987–1999)
Simon Muzenda (1987–2003)
Joseph Msika (1999–2009)
Joice Mujuru (2004–2014)
John Nkomo (2009–2013)
Emmerson Mnangagwa
Phelekezela Mphoko
Preceded by Canaan Banana
Succeeded by Emmerson Mnangagwa
1st Prime Minister of Zimbabwe
In office
18 April 1980 – 22 December 1987
President Canaan Banana
Deputy Simon Muzenda
Preceded by Abel Muzorewa
(Zimbabwe Rhodesia)
Succeeded by Morgan Tsvangirai (2009)
13th Chairperson of the African Union
In office
30 January 2015 – 30 January 2016
Preceded by Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Succeeded by Idriss Déby
Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement
In office
6 September 1986 – 7 September 1989
Preceded by Zail Singh
Succeeded by Janez Drnovšek
Personal details
Born Robert Gabriel Mugabe
(1924-02-21) 21 February 1924 (age 94)
Kutama, Southern Rhodesia
(now Zimbabwe)
Political party Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (1987–2017)
Other political
National Democratic Party (1960–1961)
Zimbabwe African People's Union (1961–1963)
Zimbabwe African National Union (1963–1987)
Spouse(s) Sally Hayfron (1961–1992; her death)
Grace Marufu (1996–present)
Children Nhamodzenyika (deceased)
Robert Peter
Bellarmine Chatunga
Education Kutama College
Alma mater University of Fort Hare
University of South Africa
University of London
Religion Roman Catholicism

Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is a Zimbabwean politician. He was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 to 2017. Before that, he was Prime Minister, the head of government, after being elected in 1980.[1] For many years before he resigned, Mugabe ruled his country in the style of a dictator.

His first years as leader were prosperous. He introduced land reforms, which were supposed to give the land owned by white people back to the (original) black owners.[2] This has had a serious impact on how the country is seen from outside. In recent years, Mugabe has allowed violence against the white citizens of the country as well as to opposition leaders of all races. The reforms were done in 1998. In 2001, the United Nations imposed sanctions against Zimbabwe. This was done because human rights abuses came to the attention of the United Nations.

On November 15, 2017, he was placed under house arrest[3] as Zimbabwe's military took control in a coup.[4] On November 21, 2017, Mugabe resigned as President of Zimbabwe.[5] It ended his rule of 37 years.

References[change | change source]

  1. Chan, Stephen (2003). Robert Mugabe: A Life of Power and Violence. p. 123. 
  2. Africa Recovery, United Nations (1998). "Zimbabwe presses land distribution". 
  3. "Robert Mugabe 'under house arrest'". BBC News. 2017-11-15. Retrieved 2017-11-15. 
  4. "Robert Mugabe 'under house arrest'". BBC News. 2017-11-15. Retrieved 2017-11-15. 
  5. "Zimbabwe's President Mugabe 'resigns'". BBC News. 2017-11-21. Retrieved 2017-11-21. 

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Robert Mugabe at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Robert Mugabe at Wikiquote