|This article is about a current event.|
Mugabe on a visit to Moscow in May 2015
|2nd President of Zimbabwe|
31 December 1987
Under house arrest since 14 November 2017
|Prime Minister||Morgan Tsvangirai (2009–2013)|
|Vice President||Joshua Nkomo (1987–1999)
Simon Muzenda (1987–2003)
Joseph Msika (1999–2009)
Joice Mujuru (2004–2014)
John Nkomo (2009–2013)
|Preceded by||Canaan Banana|
|1st Prime Minister of Zimbabwe|
18 April 1980 – 22 December 1987
|Preceded by||Abel Muzorewa
|Succeeded by||Morgan Tsvangirai (2009)|
|13th Chairperson of the African Union|
30 January 2015 – 30 January 2016
|Preceded by||Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz|
|Succeeded by||Idriss Déby|
|Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement|
6 September 1986 – 7 September 1989
|Preceded by||Zail Singh|
|Succeeded by||Janez Drnovšek|
|Born||Robert Gabriel Mugabe
21 February 1924
Kutama, Southern Rhodesia
|Political party||Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (1987–present)|
|National Democratic Party (1960–1961)
Zimbabwe African People's Union (1961–1963)
Zimbabwe African National Union (1963–1987)
|Spouse(s)||Sally Hayfron (1961–1992; her death)
Grace Marufu (1996–present)
|Alma mater||University of Fort Hare
University of South Africa
University of London
Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is the 2nd President of Zimbabwe since 1987. Before that, he was Prime Minister, the head of government, after being elected in 1980. Especially in the last few years, Mugabe has ruled his country in the style of a dictator.
His first years as leader were prosperous. He introduced land reforms, which were supposed to give the land claimed by white people back to the (original) black owners. This has had a serious impact on how the country is seen from outside. In recent years, Mugabe has allowed violence against the white citizens of the country as well as to opposition leaders of all races. The reforms were done in 1998. In 2001, the United Nations imposed sanctions against Zimbabwe. This was done because human rights abuses came to the attention of the United Nations.
Now, people are unsure how the country can tackle its problems. Also, it is unclear what will happen after Mugabe dies. Mugabe has become increasingly unpopular in Zimbabwe and many in the country are now calling for his regime to end. He is currently the world's oldest head of state.
References[change | change source]
- Chan, Stephen (2003). Robert Mugabe: A Life of Power and Violence. p. 123.
- Africa Recovery, United Nations (1998). "Zimbabwe presses land distribution".
- "Robert Mugabe 'under house arrest'" (in en-GB). BBC News. 2017-11-15. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-41997982.
- "Robert Mugabe 'under house arrest'" (in en-GB). BBC News. 2017-11-15. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-41997982.