Turing Award

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The Turing Award

The ACM A.M. Turing Award is an annual prize given by the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) to "an individual selected for contributions of a technical nature made to the computing community".[1] It is named after Alan Turing and is given each year in New York City. It is the highest award that could be given to a computer scientist.[2] and the "Nobel Prize of computing".[3]

History[change | change source]

The first Turing Award was given in 1966 to Alan Perlis, a teacher at Carnegie Mellon University. It has been given every year since.

The first recipient, in 1966, was Alan Perlis, of Carnegie Mellon University. Frances E. Allen of IBM, in 2006, was the first female recipient in the award's forty-year history.[4][5][6]

Recipients[change | change source]

Year Recipient Photo Rationale
1966 Alan Perlis For his influence in the area of advanced computer programming techniques and compiler construction.[7]
1967 Maurice Wilkes Maurice Vincent Wilkes 1980 (3, cropped).jpg Wilkes is best known as the builder and designer of the EDSAC, the first computer with an internally stored program. Built in 1949, the EDSAC used a mercury delay line memory. He is also known as the author, with Wheeler and Gill, of a volume on "Preparation of Programs for Electronic Digital Computers" in 1951, in which program libraries were effectively introduced.[8]
1968 Richard Hamming For his work on numerical methods, automatic coding systems, and error-detecting and error-correcting codes.[9]
1969 Marvin Minsky Marvin Minsky at OLPCc.jpg For his central role in creating, shaping, promoting, and advancing the field of artificial intelligence.[10]
1970 James H. Wilkinson For his research in numerical analysis to facilitate the use of the high-speed digital computer, having received special recognition for his work in computations in linear algebra and "backward" error analysis.[11]
1971 John McCarthy John McCarthy Stanford.jpg McCarthy's lecture "The Present State of Research on Artificial Intelligence" is a topic that covers the area in which he has achieved considerable recognition for his work.[12]
1972 Edsger W. Dijkstra Edsger Wybe Dijkstra.jpg Edsger Dijkstra was a principal contributor in the late 1950s to the development of the ALGOL, a high level programming language which has become a model of clarity and mathematical rigor. He is one of the principal proponents of the science and art of programming languages in general, and has greatly contributed to our understanding of their structure, representation, and implementation. His fifteen years of publications extend from theoretical articles on graph theory to basic manuals, expository texts, and philosophical contemplations in the field of programming languages.[13]
1973 Charles Bachman Charles Bachman 2012.jpg For his outstanding contributions to database technology.[14]
1974 Donald Knuth KnuthAtOpenContentAlliance.jpg For his major contributions to the analysis of algorithms and the design of programming languages, and in particular for his contributions to "The Art of Computer Programming" through his well-known books in a continuous series by this title.[15]
1975 Allen Newell In joint scientific efforts extending over twenty years, initially in collaboration with J. C. Shaw at the RAND Corporation, and subsequently with numerous faculty and student colleagues at Carnegie Mellon University, they have made basic contributions to artificial intelligence, the psychology of human cognition, and list processing.[16]
Herbert A. Simon Herbert simon red cropped.jpg
1976 Michael O. Rabin M O Rabin.jpg For their joint paper "Finite Automata and Their Decision Problem,"[17] which introduced the idea of nondeterministic machines, which has proved to be an enormously valuable concept. Their (Scott & Rabin) classic paper has been a continuous source of inspiration for subsequent work in this field.[18][19]
Dana Scott Scott Dana small.jpg
1977 John Backus John Backus 2.jpg For profound, influential, and lasting contributions to the design of practical high-level programming systems, notably through his work on FORTRAN, and for seminal publication of formal procedures for the specification of programming languages.[20]
1978 Robert W. Floyd For having a clear influence on methodologies for the creation of efficient and reliable software, and for helping to found the following important subfields of computer science: the theory of parsing, the semantics of programming languages, automatic program verification, automatic program synthesis, and analysis of algorithms.[21]
1979 Kenneth E. Iverson For his pioneering effort in programming languages and mathematical notation resulting in what the computing field now knows as APL, for his contributions to the implementation of interactive systems, to educational uses of APL, and to programming language theory and practice.[22]
1980 Tony Hoare Sir Tony Hoare IMG 5125.jpg For his fundamental contributions to the definition and design of programming languages.[23]
1981 Edgar F. Codd For his fundamental and continuing contributions to the theory and practice of database management systems, esp. relational databases.[24]
1982 Stephen Cook Prof.Cook (cropped).jpg For his advancement of our understanding of the complexity of computation in a significant and profound way.[25]
1983 Ken Thompson Ken Thompson 02.jpg For their development of generic operating systems theory and specifically for the implementation of the UNIX operating system.[26][27]
Dennis Ritchie Dennis Ritchie 2011.jpg
1984 Niklaus Wirth Niklaus Wirth, UrGU (cropped).jpg For developing a sequence of innovative computer languages, EULER, ALGOL-W, MODULA and Pascal.
1985 Richard M. Karp Karp mg 7725-b.cr2.jpg For his continuing contributions to the theory of algorithms including the development of efficient algorithms for network flow and other combinatorial optimization problems, the identification of polynomial-time computability with the intuitive notion of algorithmic efficiency, and, most notably, contributions to the theory of NP-completeness.
1986 John Hopcroft Hopcrofg (cropped).jpg For fundamental achievements in the design and analysis of algorithms and data structures.
Robert Tarjan Bob Tarjan.jpg
1987 John Cocke For significant contributions in the design and theory of compilers, the architecture of large systems and the development of reduced instruction set computers (RISC).
1988 Ivan Sutherland Ivan Sutherland at CHM.jpg For his pioneering and visionary contributions to computer graphics, starting with Sketchpad, and continuing after.
1989 William Kahan William Kahan 2008 (cropped).jpg For his fundamental contributions to numerical analysis. One of the foremost experts on floating-point computations. Kahan has dedicated himself to "making the world safe for numerical computations."
1990 Fernando J. Corbató Fernando Corbato.jpg For his pioneering work organizing the concepts and leading the development of the general-purpose, large-scale, time-sharing and resource-sharing computer systems, CTSS and Multics.
1991 Robin Milner For three distinct and complete achievements: 1) LCF, the mechanization of Scott's Logic of Computable Functions, probably the first theoretically based yet practical tool for machine assisted proof construction; 2) ML, the first language to include polymorphic type inference together with a type-safe exception-handling mechanism; 3) CCS, a general theory of concurrency. In addition, he formulated and strongly advanced full abstraction, the study of the relationship between operational and denotational semantics.[28]
1992 Butler W. Lampson Professional Developers Conference 2009 Technical Leaders Panel 6 (cropped).jpg For contributions to the development of distributed, personal computing environments and the technology for their implementation: workstations, networks, operating systems, programming systems, displays, security and document publishing.
1993 Juris Hartmanis Juris Hartmanis(2002).jpg In recognition of their seminal paper which established the foundations for the field of computational complexity theory.[29]
Richard E. Stearns Dick Stearns (cropped).jpg
1994 Edward Feigenbaum 27. Dr. Edward A. Feigenbaum 1994-1997.jpg For pioneering the design and construction of large scale artificial intelligence systems, demonstrating the practical importance and potential commercial impact of artificial intelligence technology.[30]
Raj Reddy ProfReddys Photo Cropped.jpg
1995 Manuel Blum Blum manuel (cropped).jpg In recognition of his contributions to the foundations of computational complexity theory and its application to cryptography and program checking.[31]
1996 Amir Pnueli Amir Pnueli.jpg For seminal work introducing temporal logic into computing science and for outstanding contributions to program and systems verification.[32]
1997 Douglas Engelbart Douglas Engelbart in 2008.jpg For an inspiring vision of the future of interactive computing and the invention of key technologies to help realize this vision.[33]
1998 Jim Gray Jim Gray Computing in the 21st Century 2006 (cropped).jpg For seminal contributions to database and transaction processing research and technical leadership in system implementation.
1999 Frederick P. Brooks Fred Brooks (cropped).jpg For landmark contributions to computer architecture, operating systems, and software engineering.
2000 Andrew Yao Andrew Yao MFO (cropped).jpg In recognition of his fundamental contributions to the theory of computation, including the complexity-based theory of pseudorandom number generation, cryptography, and communication complexity.
2001 Ole-Johan Dahl For ideas fundamental to the emergence of object-oriented programming, through their design of the programming languages Simula I and Simula 67.
Kristen Nygaard Kristen-Nygaard-SBLP-1997-head.png
2002 Ron Rivest Ronald L Rivest photo.jpg For their ingenious contribution for making public-key cryptography useful in practice.
Adi Shamir Adi Shamir at TU Darmstadt (2013).jpg
Leonard Adleman Len-mankin-pic.jpg
2003 Alan Kay Alan Kay (3097597186) (cropped).jpg For pioneering many of the ideas at the root of contemporary object-oriented programming languages, leading the team that developed Smalltalk, and for fundamental contributions to personal computing.
2004 Vint Cerf Dr Vint Cerf ForMemRS (cropped).jpg For pioneering work on internetworking, including the design and implementation of the Internet's basic communications protocols, TCP/IP, and for inspired leadership in networking.
Bob Kahn Bob Kahn.jpg
2005 Peter Naur Peternaur.JPG For fundamental contributions to programming language design and the definition of ALGOL 60, to compiler design, and to the art and practice of computer programming.
2006 Frances E. Allen Allen mg 2528-3750K-b.jpg For pioneering contributions to the theory and practice of optimizing compiler techniques that laid the foundation for modern optimizing compilers and automatic parallel execution.
2007 Edmund M. Clarke Edmund Clarke FLoC 2006 (cropped).jpg For their roles in developing model checking into a highly effective verification technology, widely adopted in the hardware and software industries.[34]
E. Allen Emerson
Joseph Sifakis Joseph Sifakis img 0966.jpg
2008 Barbara Liskov Barbara Liskov MIT computer scientist 2010.jpg For contributions to practical and theoretical foundations of programming language and system design, especially related to data abstraction, fault tolerance, and distributed computing.
2009 Charles P. Thacker Chuckthacker (cropped).jpg For his pioneering design and realization of the Xerox Alto, the first modern personal computer, and in addition for his contributions to the Ethernet and the Tablet PC.
2010 Leslie Valiant Leslie Valiant (cropped).jpg For transformative contributions to the theory of computation, including the theory of probably approximately correct (PAC) learning, the complexity of enumeration and of algebraic computation, and the theory of parallel and distributed computing.
2011 Judea Pearl[35] Judea Pearl at NIPS 2013 (11781981594) (cropped).jpg For fundamental contributions to artificial intelligence through the development of a calculus for probabilistic and causal reasoning.[36]
2012 Silvio Micali Silvio Micali (cropped).jpg For transformative work that laid the complexity-theoretic foundations for the science of cryptography and in the process pioneered new methods for efficient verification of mathematical proofs in complexity theory.[37]
Shafi Goldwasser Shafi Goldwasser.JPG
2013 Leslie Lamport Leslie Lamport.jpg For fundamental contributions to the theory and practice of distributed and concurrent systems, notably the invention of concepts such as causality and logical clocks, safety and liveness, replicated state machines, and sequential consistency.[38][39]
2014 Michael Stonebraker Michael Stonebraker P1120062.jpg For fundamental contributions to the concepts and practices underlying modern database systems.[40]
2015 Whitfield Diffie Whitfield Diffie Royal Society (cropped).jpg For fundamental contributions to modern cryptography. Diffie and Hellman's groundbreaking 1976 paper, "New Directions in Cryptography,"[41] introduced the ideas of public-key cryptography and digital signatures, which are the foundation for most regularly-used security protocols on the Internet today.[42]
Martin Hellman Martin-Hellman.jpg
2016 Tim Berners-Lee Sir Tim Berners-Lee (cropped).jpg For inventing the World Wide Web, the first web browser, and the fundamental protocols and algorithms allowing the Web to scale.[43]
2017 John L. Hennessy John L Hennessy (cropped).jpg For pioneering a systematic, quantitative approach to the design and evaluation of computer architectures with enduring impact on the microprocessor industry.[44]
David Patterson David A Patterson.jpg
2018 Yoshua Bengio Yoshua Bengio - 2017.jpg For conceptual and engineering breakthroughs that have made deep neural networks a critical component of computing.[45]
Geoffrey Hinton Geoffrey Hinton at UBC (cropped).jpg
Yann LeCun Yann LeCun - 2018 (cropped).jpg
2019 Edwin Catmull VES Awards 89 cropped.jpg For fundamental contributions to 3-D computer graphics, and the revolutionary impact of these techniques on computer-generated imagery (CGI) in filmmaking and other applications.[46]
Pat Hanrahan Pat Hanrahan Tableau Customer Conference 2009.jpg
2020 Alfred Aho For fundamental algorithms and theory underlying programming language implementation and for synthesizing these results and those of others in their highly influential books, which educated generations of computer scientists.[47]
Jeffrey Ullman
2022 Jack Dongarra JackDongarra.jpg For pioneering contributions to numerical algorithms and libraries that enabled high performance computational software to keep pace with exponential hardware improvements for over four decades.[48]

References[change | change source]

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Other websites[change | change source]