Yunus Emre

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Yûnus Emre
يونس امره
Statue of Yûnus Emre in Karaman, Turkey
Yunusemre (formerly Saru), Ottoman Beylik, now Turkey
EraAnatolian Beyliks
Known forSufism, Diwan in Old Anatolian Turkish
Senior posting
Period in office13th and 14th century

Yunus Emre (Turkish pronunciation: [jūˈnus emˈɾe]) also known as Derviş Yûnus (Yûnus the Dervish) (1238–1320) was a Turkish folk poet and Sufi who was important to Turkish writing from his time to now. He was one of the first poets to write in Old Anatolian Turkish - after Sultan Walad (eldest son of Rumi).[3][4]

He was a popular poet who died at the age of eighty. Turkish researchers believe that he was born and lived in a village called Sarıköy near Sivrihisar. He used to write in Old Anatolian Turkish language.

Poems[change | change source]

Yunus Emre's poems, with their simplicity - to some level - are proof of his skill in describing difficult Sufi concepts in a clear way. His collection of poems, called the Divan, was compiled after his death. Yunus Emre's most important book is Risaletu’n Nushiyye.[5] He remains a well known figure in a number of countries, from Azerbaijan to the Balkans to Pakistan, with seven different nations or places talking about having the honor of his grave within their borders. His poems, written in the tradition of Anatolian folk poetry, were primarily focused on divine love as well as human destiny.[6] Some of the lines from his poem reads:

My name is Yunus Emre.

Every passing day fuels my fire (i.e.: my longing). What I want in both worlds is one thing (i.e.: the home of this world and the home of the hereafter).

You are the one I need.. (i.e.: Allah Almighty)[7]

Why are you afraid of death (Oh people)? Don’t be afraid! You will live forever (in afterlife)[6]

a poem about Prophet Muhammad, Ali, Hasan and Husayn:

Araya araya bulsam izini
İzinin tozuna sürsem yüzümü
Hak nasip eylese, görsem yüzünü
Ya Muhammed canım arzular seni

Bir mübarek sefer olsa da gitsem
Kâbe yollarında kumlara batsam
Mâh cemalin bir kez düşte seyretsem
Ya Muhammed canım pek sever seni

Ali ile Hasan-Hüseyin anda
Sevgisi gönülde, muhabbet canda
Yarın mahşer günü hak divanında
Ya Muhammed canım pek sever seni

"Yunus" senin medhin eder dillerde
Dillerde, dillerde, hem gönüllerde
Arayı arayı gurbet illerde
Ya Muhammed canım arzular seni

By constantly searching, I would find the trace of you
I would rub my face in the dust of your trace
If Allah would grant me, I would see your face
O Muhammad, my soul desires you

If there was a blessed journey I would go
Sink in the sand on the way to the Kaaba, I would
Watch your beauty once in a dream I would
O Muhammad, my soul loves you so

Ali, and Hasan and Husayn at the same time
Their love is in the heart, fondness in the soul
On the Day of judgment, in the Court of the Truth tomorrow
O Muhammad, my soul loves you so

"Yunus" praises you on tongues
On tongues, on tongues, and also in hearts
By constantly searching in foreign parts
O Muhammad, my soul desires you

Legacy[change | change source]

a street named Yunus Emre in Alanya, Antalya.
Yunus Emre mosque in Genk, Belgium
Yunus Emre mosque in Esslingen, Germany
  • Several mosques around the world are named after him.
  • The town where his tomb is located is named after him (Yunusemre (town)).[8]
  • The UNESCO General Conference passed a resolution without any one opposing it and declared year 1991 which was the 750th anniversary of the Emre's birth, as the International Yunus Emre Year.[9]

In Popular culture[change | change source]

Some of his life journey is shown in "Yunus Emre: Askin Yolculugu" which is a fictional drama that ran for two seasons and 44 episodes. It was Premiered in 2015 on Turkish National Television (TRT). The series goes deep into the life of Yunus Emre. It was created by Mehmet Bozdağ who is well known for his historical-fictional series. The series had Gökhan Atalay as Yunus Emre, The series was met with positive response from around the world.[10]

Apart from this television series, Yunus Emre's life has also been portrayed in few turkish movies and in a song.

References[change | change source]

  1. Güzel, Oğuz & Karatay 2002, p. 672.
  2. Ambros 2002, p. 349.
  3. "Yunus Emre Poems and Biography". Retrieved 1 February 2024.
  4. Hassan, Ammara (4 September 2023). "Yunus Emre: The Unsung Poet". Medium. Retrieved 1 February 2024.
  5. Editör (21 January 2018). "Yunus Emre'nin Eserleri" [Works of Yunus Emre]. (in Turkish). Retrieved 1 February 2024.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Siddiqui, Habib (16 January 2019). "The Relevance of Yunus Emre in Our Time". Retrieved 1 February 2024.
  7. Grace Martin Smith. The Poetry of Yūnus Emre, A Turkish Sufi Poet. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1993. ISBN 0-520-09781-5, p. 124; Retrieved on 1 February 2024
  8. "Yunusemre, Mihalıcçık/Eskişehir, Türkiye". Retrieved 1 February 2024.
  9. "Turkish cultural institute commemorates poet Yunus Emre". Anadolu Agency. 5 March 2022. Retrieved 1 February 2024.
  10. Yunus Emre: Askin Yolculugu, Gökhan Atalay, Payidar Tüfekçioglu, Baran Akbulut, IMDB, 2015-06-18, retrieved 2024-02-05{{citation}}: CS1 maint: others (link)