1986 Formula One season

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1986 FIA Formula One World Championship season
Alain Prost in 2008.
Champion driver Alain Prost
Second driver Nigel Mansell
Third driver Nelson Piquet
Champion constructor Williams-Honda

Previous season: 1985   Next season: 1987

The 1986 Formula One season was the 37th of the championship. The champion was Alain Prost in a close battle. It started on March 23, and ended on October 26 with sixteen races.

This was the first year that turbocharged were required. Formula One had baned naturally aspirated (atmospheric) engines. Until the planed engine change in 2014[1], this was the only year turbos were required. The ban on atmospheric engines was lifted in 1987. In 1989, all forced induction engines (turbochargers or supercharge) were banned.[2]


Drivers and constructors[change | edit source]

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyres No Driver Rounds Test driver(s)
United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren McLaren MP4/2C TAG TTE PO1 1.5 L V6t G 1 France Alain Prost All n/a
2 Finland Keke Rosberg All
United Kingdom Data General Team Tyrrell Tyrrell Tyrrell 014

Tyrrell 015
Renault EF4B 1.5 L V6t G 3 United Kingdom Martin Brundle All n/a
4 France Philippe Streiff All
United Kingdom Canon Williams Honda Team Williams Williams FW11 Honda RA166E 1.5 L V6t G 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell All n/a
6 Brazil Nelson Piquet All
United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Brabham Brabham BT55 BMW M12/13/1 1.5 L L4t P 7 Italy Riccardo Patrese All Mexico Josele Garza
8 Italy Elio de Angelis 1-4
United Kingdom Derek Warwick 6-16
United Kingdom John Player Special Team Lotus Lotus Lotus 98T Renault EF15B 1.5 L V6t G 11 United Kingdom Johnny Dumfries All United Kingdom Derek Warwick
12 Brazil Ayrton Senna All
Germany West Zakspeed Racing Zakspeed Zakspeed 861 Zakspeed 1500/4 1.5 L L4t G 14 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer All Spain Luis Perez-Sala
29 Netherlands Huub Rothengatter 3-16
United States Team Haas (USA) Ltd Lola Lola THL1

Lola THL2
Hart 415T 1.5 L L4t

Ford Cosworth GBA 1.5 L V6t
G 15 Australia Alan Jones All n/a
16 France Patrick Tambay 1-6, 8-16
United States Eddie Cheever 7
United Kingdom Barclay Arrows BMW Arrows Arrows A8

Arrows A9
BMW M12/13 1.5 L L4t G 17 Switzerland Marc Surer 1-5 Finland Jari Nurminen
Germany Christian Danner 7-16
18 Belgium Thierry Boutsen All
United Kingdom Benetton Formula Ltd Benetton Benetton B186 BMW M12/13 1.5 L L4t P 19 Italy Teo Fabi All United Kingdom Andy Wallace
Italy Giovanna Amati
Italy Paolo Barilla
20 Austria Gerhard Berger All
Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella Osella FA1G

Osella FA1F

Osella FA1H
Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 L V8t P 21 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani All n/a
22 Germany Christian Danner 1-6
Canada Allen Berg 7-12, 14-16
Italy Alex Caffi 13
Italy Minardi Team SpA Minardi Minardi M185B

Minardi M186
Motori Moderni Tipo 615-90 1.5 L V6t P 23 Italy Andrea de Cesaris All n/a
24 Italy Alessandro Nannini All
France Equipe Ligier Ligier Ligier JS27 Renault EF4B 1.5 L V6t P 25 France René Arnoux All n/a
26 France Jacques Laffite 1-9
France Philippe Alliot 10-16
Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari Ferrari F1/86 Ferrari 032 1.5 L V6t G 27 Italy Michele Alboreto All n/a
28 Sweden Stefan Johansson All
France Team El Charro AGS AGS AGS JH21C Motori Moderni Tipo 615-90 1.5 L V6t G 31 Italy Ivan Capelli 13-14 n/a

Race schedule[change | edit source]

Round Official Race Title Grand Prix Circuit City / Location Date
1 Brazil Grande Prêmio do Brasil Jacarepaguá Brazilian Grand Prix Jacarepaguá March 23
2 Spain Gran Premio Tio Pepe de España Jerez Spanish Grand Prix Jerez April 13
3 San Marino Gran Premio di San Marino Imola San Marino Grand Prix Imola April 27
4 Monaco Grand Prix Automobile de Monaco Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Monte Carlo May 11
5 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps May 25
6 Canada Grand Prix du Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve Canadian Grand Prix Montreal June 15
7 United States Detroit Grand Prix Detroit Detroit Grand Prix Detroit June 22
8 France French Grand Prix Paul Ricard French Grand Prix Le Castellet July 6
9 United Kingdom Shell Oils British Grand Prix Brands Hatch British Grand Prix Kent July 13
10 Germany Großer Preis von Deutschland Hockenheimring German Grand Prix Hockenheim July 27
11 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix Hungaroring Hungarian Grand Prix Budapest August 10
12 Austria Holiday Großer Preis von Osterreich Österreichring Austrian Grand Prix Spielberg August 17
13 Italy Gran Premio d'Italia Monza Italian Grand Prix Monza September 7
14 Portugal Grande Prémio de Portugal Estoril Portuguese Grand Prix Estoril September 21
15 Mexico Gran Premio de Mexico Hermanos Rodríguez Mexican Grand Prix Mexico City October 12
16 Australia Foster's Australian Grand Prix Adelaide Australian Grand Prix Adelaide October 26

Results and standings[change | edit source]

Race results[change | edit source]

Round Grand Prix Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Winning constructor
1 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Nelson Piquet Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Williams-Honda
2 Spain Spanish Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Lotus-Renault
3 San Marino San Marino Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Nelson Piquet France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-TAG
4 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix France Alain Prost France Alain Prost France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-TAG
5 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Brazil Nelson Piquet France Alain Prost United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Honda
6 Canada Canadian Grand Prix United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Honda
7 United States Detroit Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Nelson Piquet Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Lotus-Renault
8 France French Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Honda
9 United Kingdom British Grand Prix Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Honda
10 Germany German Grand Prix Finland Keke Rosberg Austria Gerhard Berger Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Williams-Honda
11 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Nelson Piquet Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Williams-Honda
12 Austria Austrian Grand Prix Italy Teo Fabi Austria Gerhard Berger France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-TAG
13 Italy Italian Grand Prix Italy Teo Fabi Italy Teo Fabi Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Williams-Honda
14 Portugal Portuguese Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Honda
15 Mexico Mexican Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Nelson Piquet Austria Gerhard Berger United Kingdom Benetton-BMW
16 Australia Australian Grand Prix United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Brazil Nelson Piquet France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-TAG

Scoring system[change | edit source]

Position  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th 
Points 9 6 4 3 2 1
  • Points are awarded to the top 6 finishers.
  • The best 11 results count for the Drivers' Championship.
  • Half points are awarded if the race is stopped with less than 75% of distance finished.
  • When a team officially enters only one car, the second driver for that team cannot earn any points.
  • All races count for the Constructors' Championship.


Drivers standings[change | edit source]

Pos Driver BRA
Brazil
ESP
Spain
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
CAN
Canada
DET
United States
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
AUT
Austria
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
MEX
Mexico
AUS
Australia
Points
1 France Alain Prost Ret 3 1 1 6 2 3 2 3 6 Ret 1 DSQ 2 2 1 72 (74)
2 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Ret 2 Ret 4 1 1 5 1 1 3 3 Ret 2 1 5 Ret 70 (72)
3 Brazil Nelson Piquet 1 Ret 2 7 Ret 3 Ret 3 2 1 1 Ret 1 3 4 2 69
4 Brazil Ayrton Senna 2 1 Ret 3 2 5 1 Ret Ret 2 2 Ret Ret 4 3 Ret 55
5 Sweden Stefan Johansson Ret Ret 4 10 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 4 3 3 6 12 3 23
6 Finland Keke Rosberg Ret 4 5 2 Ret 4 Ret 4 Ret 5 Ret 9 4 Ret Ret Ret 22
7 Austria Gerhard Berger 6 6 3 Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 Ret 7 5 Ret 1 Ret 17
8 France Jacques Laffite 3 Ret Ret 6 5 7 2 6 Ret 14
9 Italy Michele Alboreto Ret Ret 10 Ret 4 8 4 8 Ret Ret Ret 2 Ret 5 Ret Ret 14
10 France René Arnoux 4 Ret Ret 5 Ret 6 Ret 5 4 4 Ret 10 Ret 7 15 7 14
11 United Kingdom Martin Brundle 5 Ret 8 Ret Ret 9 Ret 10 5 Ret 6 Ret 10 Ret 11 4 8
12 Australia Alan Jones Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 10 Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 4 6 Ret Ret Ret 4
13 United Kingdom Johnny Dumfries 9 Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret 7 Ret 7 Ret 5 Ret Ret 9 Ret 6 3
14 France Philippe Streiff 7 Ret Ret 11 12 11 9 Ret 6 Ret 8 Ret 9 Ret Ret 5 3
15 France Patrick Tambay Ret 8 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 7 5 Ret NC Ret NC 2
16 Italy Teo Fabi 10 5 Ret Ret 7 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret 10 2
17 Italy Riccardo Patrese Ret Ret 6 Ret 8 Ret 6 7 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 Ret 2
18 Germany Christian Danner Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret 6 8 11 9 Ret 1
19 France Philippe Alliot Ret 9 Ret Ret Ret 6 8 1
20 Belgium Thierry Boutsen Ret 7 7 8 Ret Ret Ret NC NC Ret Ret Ret 7 10 7 Ret 0
21 United Kingdom Derek Warwick Ret 10 9 8 7 Ret DNS Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
22 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer Ret Ret Ret 12 13 Ret 8 Ret 9 Ret 10 Ret Ret 12 10 9 0
23 Netherlands Huub Rothengatter Ret DNQ Ret 12 DNS Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret Ret DNS Ret 0
24 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret 0
25 Italy Elio de Angelis 8 Ret Ret Ret 0
26 Switzerland Marc Surer Ret Ret 9 9 9 0
27 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
28 Canada Allen Berg Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret 13 16 NC 0
29 Italy Alessandro Nannini Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret NC 14 Ret 0
30 Italy Alex Caffi NC 0
31 Italy Ivan Capelli Ret Ret 0
32 United States Eddie Cheever Ret 0
Pos Driver BRA
Brazil
ESP
Spain
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
CAN
Canada
DET
United States
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
AUT
Austria
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
MEX
Mexico
AUS
Australia
Points
  • Pole position in Bold.
  • Fastest lap in Italics.
  • Drivers did not finish the Grand Prix, but were classified as they completed over 90% of the race distance.
  • Numbers without parentheses are Championship points. Numbers in parentheses are total points scored from the best 11 finishes.
Key
Colour Gold Silver Bronze Green Blue Purple Red Black White Light blue
Result Winner 2nd place 3rd place Points finish Non-points finish Did not finish (Ret) Did not qualify (DNQ) Disqualified (DSQ) Did not start (DNS) Practiced only (PO)
Non-classified finish (NC) Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ) Race cancelled (C) Friday test driver (TD)
(starting in 2003)
Blank Did not practice (DNP) Excluded (EX) Did not arrive (DNA) Withdrew entry before the event (WD)


Championship standings[change | edit source]

Pos Constructor Car
no.
BRA
Brazil
ESP
Spain
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
CAN
Canada
DET
United States
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
AUT
Austria
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
MEX
Mexico
AUS
Australia
Pts
1 United Kingdom Williams-Honda 5 Ret 2 Ret 4 1 1 5 1 1 3 3 Ret 2 1 5 Ret 141
6 1 Ret 2 7 Ret 3 Ret 3 2 1 1 Ret 1 3 4 2
2 United Kingdom McLaren-TAG 1 Ret 3 1 1 6 2 3 2 3 6 Ret 1 DSQ 2 2 1 96
2 Ret 4 5 2 Ret 4 Ret 4 Ret 5 Ret 9 4 Ret Ret Ret
3 United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 11 9 Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret 7 Ret 7 Ret 5 Ret Ret 9 Ret 6 58
12 2 1 Ret 3 2 5 1 Ret Ret 2 2 Ret Ret 4 3 Ret
4 Italy Ferrari 27 Ret Ret 10 Ret 4 8 4 8 Ret Ret Ret 2 Ret 5 Ret Ret 37
28 Ret Ret 5 10 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 4 3 3 6 12 3
5 France Ligier-Renault 25 4 Ret Ret 5 Ret 6 Ret 5 4 4 Ret 10 Ret 7 15 7 29
26 3 Ret Ret 6 5 7 2 6 Ret Ret 9 Ret Ret Ret 6 8
6 United Kingdom Benetton-BMW 19 10 5 Ret Ret 7 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret 10 19
20 6 6 3 Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 Ret 7 5 Ret 1 Ret
7 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Renault 3 5 Ret 8 Ret Ret 9 Ret 10 5 Ret 6 Ret 10 Ret 11 4 11
4 7 Ret Ret 11 12 11 9 Ret 6 Ret 8 Ret 9 Ret Ret 5
8 United Kingdom Haas Lola-Ford 15 Ret Ret 11 10 Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret 4 6 Ret Ret Ret 6
16 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 7 5 Ret NC Ret NC
9 United Kingdom Brabham-BMW 7 Ret Ret 6 Ret 8 Ret 6 7 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 Ret 2
8 8 Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 9 8 7 Ret DNS Ret Ret Ret Ret
10 United Kingdom Arrows-BMW 17 Ret Ret 9 9 9 Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret 6 8 11 9 Ret 1
18 Ret 7 7 8 Ret Ret Ret NC NC Ret Ret Ret 7 10 7 Ret
11 Germany Zakspeed 14 Ret Ret Ret 12 13 Ret 8 Ret 9 Ret 10 Ret Ret 12 10 9 0
29 Ret DNQ Ret 12 DNS Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret Ret DNS Ret
12 Italy Minardi-Motori Moderni 23 Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret 0
24 Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret NC 14 Ret
13 United Kingdom Haas Lola-Hart 15 Ret Ret 0
16 Ret 8 Ret
14 Italy Osella-Alfa Romeo 21 Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
22 Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret NC 13 16 NC
15 France AGS-Motori Moderni 31 Ret Ret 0
Pos Constructor Car
no.
BRA
Brazil
ESP
Spain
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
CAN
Canada
DET
United States
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
AUT
Austria
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
MEX
Mexico
AUS
Australia
Pts
  • Pole position in Bold.
  • Fastest lap in Italics.
  • Car did not finish the Grand Prix. Car was classified (ranked) because it finished over 90% of the race distance.
Key
Colour Gold Silver Bronze Green Blue Purple Red Black White Light blue
Result Winner 2nd place 3rd place Points finish Non-points finish Did not finish (Ret) Did not qualify (DNQ) Disqualified (DSQ) Did not start (DNS) Practiced only (PO)
Non-classified finish (NC) Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ) Race cancelled (C) Friday test driver (TD)
(starting in 2003)
Blank Did not practice (DNP) Excluded (EX) Did not arrive (DNA) Withdrew entry before the event (WD)


References[change | edit source]

  1. Constant, Brad (2011-08-01). "Formula One: Cosworth excited for turbo V6s". autoweek.com. Crain Communications, Inc. http://www.autoweek.com/article/20110801/F1/110809987. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  2. Knowling, Michael (2008-10-07). "The Early Days of Turbo - Part One". autospeed.com. Web Publications Pty Limited. http://autospeed.com/cms/title_The-Early-Days-of-Turbo-Part-One/A_110779/article.html. Retrieved 2011-08-06.

Other websites[change | edit source]