French Grand Prix

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Flag of France.svg French Grand Prix
Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours
Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours.svg
Race information
Laps 70
Circuit length 4.411 km (2.741 mi)
Race length 308.586 km (191.755 mi)
Number of times held 86 (58 as F1)
First held 1906
Last held 2008
Most wins (drivers) Germany Michael Schumacher (8)
Most wins (constructors) Italy Ferrari (17)
Last race (2008):
Pole position Finland Kimi Räikkönen
Ferrari
1:16.449
Podium 1. Brazil Felipe Massa
Ferrari
1h 31m 50.245s
(201.608 km/h)
2. Finland Kimi Räikkönen
Ferrari
+17.984s
3. Italy Jarno Trulli
Toyota
+28.250s
Fastest lap Finland Kimi Räikkönen
Ferrari
1:16.630

The French Grand Prix (1906-1967: Grand Prix de l'ACF, 1968-2008: Grand Prix de France) was a race held as part of Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile's (FIA) annual Formula One (F1) automobile racing championships.

Grand Prix motor racing started in France. The French Grand Prix was open to international competition. It is the oldest Grand Prix race. It was first run on 26 June 1906, under the Automobile Club de France in Sarthe. The first race had a starting field of 32 automobiles.

History[change | change source]

Georges Boillot winning the 1912 French Grand Prix in Dieppe, France

The first World Championships were organized in 1925. It included the French Grand Prix, the Italian Grand Prix, the Belgian Grand Prix and the Indianapolis 500. The French Grand Prix was part of the Formula One championships from their start in 1950. The last F1 Grand Prix was held in 2008. It was called the European Grand Prix four times between 1924 and 1966. During this time, the title was an honorary name. It was given to one grand prix race held in Europe each year

The race has been held at several racetracks in France, such as the Autodrome de Montlhéry. Since 1991 its permanent home was the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours (often called just Magny-Cours). The move to Magny-Cours was an attempt to stimulate the economy of the area, but many within Formula One complained about the remote nature of the circuit.

On 29 March 2007 it was announced by the FFSA, the race promoter, that the 2008 French Grand Prix was put on an indefinite "pause". This suspension was due to the financial problems of the circuit. Many in F1 did not like the circuit because of the remote location.[1] On 31 May, Bernie Ecclestone confirmed that the 2007 French Grand Prix would be the last to be held at Magny-Cours.[2]

After negotiations, the future of the race improved. Ecclestone himself stating "We're going to maybe resurrect it for a year, or something like that".[3] On 24 July, Ecclestone and the Prime Minister of France met. They agreed to try to keep the race at Magny-Cours for 2008 and 2009.[4] On 27 July, when the FIA published the 2008 calendar with a French Grand Prix scheduled at Magny-Cours.[5] The 2009 race, however, was again cancelled on 15 October 2008, with the official website citing "economic reasons".[6]

The future[change | change source]

A major remodeling project of Magny-Cours ("2.0") was planned,[7][8] but canceled in the end. FFSA, the race's promoter, started looking for an another host circuit. There were five different proposals for a new circuit. One in Rouen with 3 possible layouts: a street circuit, in the dock area, or a permanent circuit near the airport.[9][10] A street circuit located near Disneyland Resort Paris.[11][12] A location in Versailles.[13][14] And one in Sarcelles (Val de France).[15] They were all were canceled. A final location in Flins-Les Mureaux, near the Flins Renault Factory was considered,[16] that was canceled as well on 1 December 2009.[17] In 2010 and 2011, there was no French Grand Prix on the Formula 1 calendar, although the Paul Ricard Circuit has proposed itself for 2012.[18] The French Grand Prix was not included in the released 2012 schedule.

Sponsors[change | change source]

  • Rhône-Poulenc Grand Prix de France 1988-1993
  • Mobil 1 Grand Prix de France 1998-2004
  • Allianz Grand Prix de France 2005-2007
  • RBS Grand Prix de France 2008

Winners of the French Grand Prix[change | change source]

Repeat winners (drivers)[change | change source]

Number of wins Driver Years
8 Germany Michael Schumacher 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006
6 France Alain Prost 1981, 1983, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1993
4 Monaco Louis Chiron 1931a, 1934, 1937, 1947
Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 1950, 1951b, 1954, 1957
United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 1986, 1987, 1991, 1992
3 Australia Jack Brabham 1960, 1966, 1967
United Kingdom Jackie Stewart 1969, 1971, 1972
2 Germany Christian Lautenschlager 1908, 1914
Italy Felice Nazzaro 1907, 1922
France Georges Boillot 1912, 1913
Italy Giuseppe Campari 1924, 1933
France Robert Benoist 1925, 1927
United Kingdom William Grover-Williams 1928, 1929
France Jean-Pierre Wimille 1936, 1948
United States Dan Gurney 1962, 1964
United Kingdom Jim Clark 1963, 1965
Sweden Ronnie Peterson 1973, 1974
United States Mario Andretti 1977, 1978
Austria Niki Lauda 1975, 1984

Active drivers are in bold.
Event that were not part of the Formula One World Championship have a pink background.
Event that were part of the pre-war European Championship have a cream background.

^a  Louis Chiron won the 1931 race, but shared the win in the Bugatti with Achille Varzi.
^b  Juan Manuel Fangio won the 1951 race, but shared the win in the Alfa Romeo 159-car with Luigi Fagioli.

Repeat winners (constructors)[change | change source]

# of wins Constructor Years won
17 Italy Ferrari 1952, 1953, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1968, 1975, 1990, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008
8 United Kingdom Williams 1980, 1986, 1987, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 2003
7 United Kingdom Lotus 1963, 1965, 1970, 1973, 1974, 1977, 1978
6 France Bugatti 1926, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1936
Italy Alfa Romeo 1924, 1932, 1934, 1948, 1950, 1951
France Renault 1906, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1983, 2005
5 United Kingdom McLaren 1976, 1984, 1988, 1989, 2000
4 United Kingdom Brabham 1964, 1966, 1967, 1985
2 France Peugeot 1912, 1913
Germany Mercedes 1908, 1914
Italy Fiat 1907, 1922
France Delage 1925, 1927
Germany Mercedes-Benz 1935, 1938
France Talbot-Lago 1947, 1949
Italy Maserati 1933, 1957
United Kingdom Tyrrell 1971, 1972
United Kingdom Benetton 1994, 1995

Active constructors are in bold.
Event that were not part of the Formula One World Championship have a pink background.
Event that were part of the pre-war European Championship have a cream background.

By year[change | change source]

Year Driver Constructor Location
2008 Brazil Felipe Massa Ferrari Magny-Cours
2007 Finland Kimi Räikkönen Ferrari Magny-Cours
2006 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Magny-Cours
2005 Spain Fernando Alonso Renault Magny-Cours
2004 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Magny-Cours
2003 Germany Ralf Schumacher Williams-BMW Magny-Cours
2002 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Magny-Cours
2001 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Magny-Cours
2000 United Kingdom David Coulthard McLaren-Mercedes Magny-Cours
1999 Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen Jordan-Mugen-Honda Magny-Cours
1998 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Magny-Cours
1997 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Magny-Cours
1996 United Kingdom Damon Hill Williams-Renault Magny-Cours
1995 Germany Michael Schumacher Benetton-Renault Magny-Cours
1994 Germany Michael Schumacher Benetton-Ford Magny-Cours
1993 France Alain Prost Williams-Renault Magny-Cours
1992 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Magny-Cours
1991 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Magny-Cours
1990 France Alain Prost Ferrari Paul Ricard Short Circuit
1989 France Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Paul Ricard Short Circuit
1988 France Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Paul Ricard Short Circuit
1987 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Paul Ricard Short Circuit
1986 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Paul Ricard Short Circuit
1985 Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1984 Austria Niki Lauda McLaren-TAG Dijon
1983 France Alain Prost Renault Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1982 France René Arnoux Renault Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1981 France Alain Prost Renault Dijon
1980 Australia Alan Jones Williams-Ford Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1979 France Jean-Pierre Jabouille Renault Dijon
1978 United States Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1977 United States Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Dijon
1976 United Kingdom James Hunt McLaren-Ford Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1975 Austria Niki Lauda Ferrari Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1974 Sweden Ronnie Peterson Lotus-Ford Dijon
1973 Sweden Ronnie Peterson Lotus-Ford Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1972 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Charade
1971 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Paul Ricard Full Circuit
1970 Austria Jochen Rindt Lotus-Ford Charade
1969 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Charade
1968 Belgium Jacky Ickx Ferrari Rouen-Les-Essarts
1967 Australia Jack Brabham Brabham-Repco Le Mans-Bugatti
1966 Australia Jack Brabham Brabham-Repco Reims
1965 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Climax Charade
1964 United States Dan Gurney Brabham-Climax Rouen-Les-Essarts
1963 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Climax Reims
1962 United States Dan Gurney Porsche Rouen-Les-Essarts
1961 Italy Giancarlo Baghetti Ferrari Reims
1960 Australia Jack Brabham Cooper-Climax Reims
1959 United Kingdom Tony Brooks Ferrari Reims
1958 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Ferrari Reims
1957 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Maserati Rouen-Les-Essarts
1956 United Kingdom Peter Collins Ferrari Reims
1955 Not held
1954 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Mercedes Reims
1953 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Ferrari Reims
1952 Italy Alberto Ascari Ferrari Rouen-Les-Essarts
1951 Italy Luigi Fagioli
Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
Alfa Romeo Reims
1950 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Alfa Romeo Reims
1949 Monaco Louis Chiron Talbot-Lago Reims
1948 France Jean-Pierre Wimille Alfa Romeo Reims
1947 Monaco Louis Chiron Talbot-Lago Lyon-Parilly
1946
-
1940
Not held
1939 Germany Hermann Paul Müller Auto Union Reims
1938 Germany Manfred von Brauchitsch Mercedes-Benz Reims
1937 Monaco Louis Chiron Talbot Montlhéry
1936 France Jean-Pierre Wimille
France Raymond Sommer
Bugatti Montlhéry
1935 Germany Rudolf Caracciola Mercedes-Benz Montlhéry
1934 Monaco Louis Chiron Alfa Romeo Montlhéry
1933 Italy Giuseppe Campari Maserati Montlhéry
1932 Italy Tazio Nuvolari Alfa Romeo Reims
1931 Monaco Louis Chiron
Italy Achille Varzi
Bugatti Montlhéry
1930 France Philippe Étancelin Bugatti Pau
1929 United Kingdom William Grover-Williams Bugatti Le Mans
1928 United Kingdom William Grover-Williams Bugatti Saint-Gaudens
1927 France Robert Benoist Delage Montlhéry
1926 France Jules Goux Bugatti Miramas
1925 France Robert Benoist
France Albert Divo
Delage Montlhéry
1924 Italy Giuseppe Campari Alfa Romeo Lyon
1923 United Kingdom Henry Segrave Sunbeam Tours
1922 Italy Felice Nazzaro Fiat Strasbourg
1921 United States Jimmy Murphy Duesenberg Le Mans
1920
-
1915
Not held
1914 Germany Christian Lautenschlager Mercedes Lyon
1913 France Georges Boillot Peugeot Amiens
1912 France Georges Boillot Peugeot Dieppe
1911
-
1909
Not held
1908 Germany Christian Lautenschlager Mercedes Dieppe
1907 Italy Felice Nazzaro Fiat Dieppe
1906 Hungary Ferenc Szisz Renault Le Mans

Event that were not part of the Formula One World Championship have a pink background.
Event that were part of the pre-war European Championship have a cream background.

References[change | change source]

  1. "French GP under threat for 2008". ITV-F1.com. 2007-03-29. Archived from the original on 2008-01-08. http://web.archive.org/web/20080111144431/http://www.itv-f1.com/News_Article.aspx?PO_ID=38802. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  2. "F1 will quit Magny-Cours after 2007". ITV-F1.com. 2007-05-31. Archived from the original on 2008-02-28. http://web.archive.org/web/20080228171141/http://www.itv-f1.com/News_Article.aspx?PO_ID=39446. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  3. "Magny-Cours set for reprieve". ITV-F1.com. 2007-01-01. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. http://web.archive.org/web/20070929120420/http://www.itv-f1.com/News_Article.aspx?PO_ID=40169. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  4. "Formula One hope for Magny-Cours". bbc.co.uk. BBC Sport. 2007-07-24. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/6913778.stm. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  5. "FIA reveals 18-race calendar for 2008". formula1.com. 2007-07-27. http://www.formula1.com/news/headlines/2007/7/6548.html. Retrieved 2007-07-27.
  6. "Grand Prix de France". gpfrancef1.com. 2009-07-28. http://www.gpfrancef1.com/. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  7. "Magny-Cours to get a facelift". grandprix.com. Inside F1, Inc. 2008-06-19. http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns20474.html. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  8. "Magny-Cours 2 Projet de modernisation-standardisation du Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours [Magny-Cours 2 Modernization Project: Standardization of the Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours]" (in French). automobilsport.com. 2008-06-20. http://www.automobilsport.com/race-categories--24,7855,Magny-Cours-2-Projet-de-modernisation-standardisation-du-Circuit-de-Nevers-Magny-Cours,news.htm. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  9. "La F1 de retour à Rouen ?" (in French). motorlegend.com. Moteurs & Légendes. 2008-06-20. http://www.motorlegend.com/actualite-automobile/la-f1-peut-etre-a-rouen/2675.html. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  10. "Rouen to bid for the French GP". grandprix.com. Inside F1, Inc. 2008-06-19. http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns20475.html. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  11. Ee, Samuel (2008-10-22). "Euro Disney the next venue for French GP?". asiaone.com. Singapore Press Holdings Ltd. Co. http://www.asiaone.com/Motoring/Motorworld/Story/A1Story20081022-95423.html. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  12. Joseph, Noah (2008-11-21). "Disney Grand Prix plans shelved". autoblog.com. AOL Inc. http://www.autoblog.com/2008/11/21/euro-disney-grand-prix-plans-shelved/. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  13. "Versailles possible for French GP". http://www.f1way.com/news/2007/June/6/versailles-possible-for-french-gp---report.
  14. "More about a race at Versailles". grandprix.com. Inside F1, Inc. 2007-12-11. http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns19929.html. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  15. "Sarcelles bidding for a Grand Prix". grandprix.com. Inside F1, Inc. 2008-09-17. http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns20785.html. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
  16. "More details emerge from Flins-Mureaux". GrandPrix.com (Inside F1, Inc). 2009-03-16. http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns21245.html. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
  17. Noble, Jonathan (2009-12-01). "French GP plans suffer fresh blow". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/80392. Retrieved 2009-12-01.
  18. "Paul Ricard Confirme sa Candidature pour 2011". http://www.autonewsinfo.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=4473&Itemid=226.

Other websites[change | change source]

Coordinates: 46°51′47″N 3°09′58″E / 46.863°N 3.166°E / 46.863; 3.166