Burgundy

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Location of Burgundy in France

Burgundy (French: Bourgogne) is a Region of France. It was also a historic region in eastern France. The capital of Burgundy is Dijon.

The departments in Burgundy are:

It was named for the Germanic Burgundian tribe who moved there from an island in the Baltic Sea. They moved when the Roman Empire fell apart to set up a kingdom with its own laws. This included part of what is now Switzerland.

During the Middle Ages, Burgundy was ruled by dukes. In the 15th century it was very powerful and the dukes ruled lands as far north as the Netherlands. After duke Charles the Bold died when he wanted to conquer the city of Nancy in 1477, Burgundy was taken by France. It was a province until 1790.

The region is also famed for its wines: both red and white. Many well-known wines, such as Macon and Beaujolais, originated here. A few wines are also the 'Arbois'-type. Arbois wines are between red and white and almost yellow in colour.