Burgundy

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Coordinates: 47°19′N 5°03′E / 47.317°N 5.05°E / 47.317; 5.05
Burgundy (Bourgogne)
Region
Flag of Bourgogne.svg
Flag
Blason fr Bourgogne.svg
Symbol
Country  France
Préfecture Dijon
 - coordinates 47°19′N 5°03′E / 47.317°N 5.05°E / 47.317; 5.05
Area 31,582 km² (12,194 sq mi)
Population 1,643,931 (2013) [1]
Density 52 /km² (135 /sq mi)
Subdivisions 4 departments
174 cantons
2,046 communes
President François Patriat
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Location of Burgundy (in red)
Location of Burgundy (in red)
Website: Burgundy Region

Burgundy (French: Bourgogne) is a Region of France. It was also a historic region in eastern France. The French adjective and name of the inhabitants of the region is Bourguignon.

With over 31,500 km2, it is one of the largest region of France, with about 6% of the territory of the country.

The four departments in the region are Côte-d'Or, Nièvre, Saône-et-Loire and Yonne. Its capital is Dijon.

History[change | change source]

It was named for the Germanic Burgundian tribe who moved there from an island in the Baltic Sea. They moved when the Roman Empire fell apart to set up a kingdom with its own laws. This included part of what is now Switzerland.

During the Middle Ages, Burgundy was ruled by dukes. In the 15th century it was very powerful and the dukes ruled lands as far north as the Netherlands. After duke Charles the Bold died when he wanted to conquer the city of Nancy in 1477, Burgundy was taken by France. It was a province until 1790.

Geography[change | change source]

Map of Burgundy

The Burgundy region is one of the largest region of Metropolitan France with an area of 31,582 km2 (12,194 sq mi).[2][3] It borders with five other regions: Champagne-Ardenne to the north, Franche-Comté to the east, Rhône-Alpes to the southeast, Auvergne to the southwest, Centre to the west and Île-de-France to the north.

Most of the territory of Burgundy is occupied by a plateau of low hills (the Burgundy Hills) surrounded by valleys of the main rivers. The valley of the Yonne river and its tributaries is to the north of the region and to the southeast is the valley of the Saône river.

In the centre of the plateau (and of the region), there is a group of low mountains: the Morvan. The highest point in Burgundy is found in these mountains, in the Saône-et-Loire department: the Haut-Folin (46°59′46″N 4°02′13″E / 46.99611°N 4.03694°E / 46.99611; 4.03694 (Haut-Folin)), at 901 m (2,956 ft) high.[4]

The main rivers of the region are Yonne, Armançon, Loire, Seine and Saône.

The climate of Burgundy is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.

Departments[change | change source]

The Burgundy region is formed by four departments:

Département Préfecture ISO
3166-2
Population
(2011)[5]
Area
(km²)[2]
Density
(Inh./km²)
Côte-d'Or Dijon FR-21 525,931   8,763 60.0
Nièvre Nevers FR-58 218,341 6,817 32.0
Saône-et-Loire Mâcon FR-71 555,999 8,575 64.8
Yonne Auxerre FR-89 342,463 7,427 46.1

Demographics[change | change source]

The Burgundy region has a population, in 2013, of 1,643,931,[1] for a population density of 52.1 inhabitants/km2.

Seat of the regional council of Burgundy in Dijon.

The ten main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2011)[5]
Départment
Dijon 151,672 Côte-d'Or
Chalon-sur-Saône 44,847 Saône-et-Loire
Nevers 36,210 Nièvre
Auxerre 35,534 Yonne
Mâcon 33,730 Saône-et-Loire
Sens 25,146 Yonne
Le Creusot 22,620 Saône-et-Loire
Beaune 21,872 Côte-d'Or
Montceau-les-Mines 19,124 Saône-et-Loire
Autun 14,426 Saône-et-Loire

Economy[change | change source]

The region is known for its wines: both red and white. Many well-known wines, such as Macon and Beaujolais, originated here. A few wines are also the 'Arbois'-type. Arbois wines are between red and white and almost yellow in colour.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Évolution de la population totale au 1er janvier 2013" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/tableau.asp?reg_id=22&ref_id=poptc02101. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Departments of France". Statoids. http://www.statoids.com/ufr.html. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  3. "France: Bourgogne [Burgundy"]. City Population. http://www.citypopulation.de/France-Bourgogne.html. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  4. "Haut Folin, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9613. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 1 October 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]