Nièvre

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Nièvre
Department
Prefecture building of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, in Montauban
Prefecture building of the Nièvre department, in Nevers
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Nièvre in France
Coordinates: 47°05′N 3°30′E / 47.083°N 3.5°E / 47.083; 3.5Coordinates: 47°05′N 3°30′E / 47.083°N 3.5°E / 47.083; 3.5
Country France
Region Burgundy
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Nevers
Subprefecture Château-Chinon
Clamecy
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Government
 • President of the General Council Patrice Joly
Area[1]
 • Total 6,817 km2 (2,632 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 218,341
 • Rank 87th
 • Density 32.0289/km2 (82.954/sq mi)
Demonym Nivernais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-58
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 32
Communes 312

Nièvre is a department in the centre of France, in the Burgundy region. It is named after the Nièvre river, a tributary of the Loire. Its prefecture and largest city is Nevers.

History[change | change source]

Nièvre is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with Nevers as its capital. It was formed from part of the old province of Nivernais and its name was written at first as Nyèvre.[3]

It was divided in nine districts: Nevers, Saint-Pierre-le-Moutier, Decize, Moulins-Engilbert, Château-Chinon, Corbigny, Clamecy, Cosne and La Charité.

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the nine districts were changed into four arrondissements: Nevers, Château-Chinon, Clamecy and Cosne.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Cosne was eliminated but in 1943 it became again an arrondissement of the department.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

Map of Nièvre.

Nièvre is part of the Burgundy region. It has an area of 6,817 km2 (2,632 sq mi).[1]

The department borders with 3 regions and 6 departments:

There are three main geographical zones in the department:[5]

  1. Eastern zone, with small hills covered with forests; here is the Parc Naturel Régional du Morvan ("Morvan regional natural park").
  2. Central zone, an agricultural zone.
  3. Western zone, a zone organised along a north-south line formed by the valley of the Loire river; it is the zone of the department with higher population.

The main rivers in the department are the Loire, that makes most of the western border, with its tributaries Allier and Aron; and the Yonne, with its tributary Cure.

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Nevers is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[6]

It rains in all seasons but precipitations are more important in the eastern zone, in the Morvan, and weaker in the Loire valley. [1]

Administration[change | change source]

Nièvre is managed by the General Council of Nièvre in Nevers. The department is part of the Burgundy region.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 4 arrondissements (districts), 32 cantons and 312 communes (municipalities) in Nièvre.

Arrondissement Capital Population
(2011)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Cantons Communes
Château-Chinon (Ville) Château-Chinon (Ville) 26,568   1,929   13.8 6 72
Clamecy Clamecy 25,927   1,464   17.7 6 93
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 45,020   1,403   32.1 7 64
Nevers Nevers 120,826   2,020   59.8 13 83

Cantons of the arrondissement of Château-Chinon (Ville)

Cantons of the arrondissement of Clamecy

Cantons of the arrondissement of Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire

Bridge over the Loire, at Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire.

Cantons of the arrondissement of Nevers

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Nièvre are known, in French, as Nivernais (women: Nivernaises).[7]

Nièvre had a population, in 2011, of 218,341,[2] for a population density of 32.0 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Nevers, with 120,826 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.[8]

The cities with more than 5,000 inhabitants in the department are:[8]

City Population
(2011)[8]
Arrondissement
Nevers 36,210 Nevers
Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire 10,484 Cosne-Cours-sur-Loire
Varennes-Vauzelles 9,567 Nevers
Decize 5,733 Nevers
La Charité-sur-Loire 5,118 Nevers

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Chiffres-Clés". CG58.fr. Conseil Général de la Nièvre. http://www.cg58.fr/la-nievre/chiffres-cles/chiffres-cles.html. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  3. "Description de la Nièvre" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/58des.html. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique de la Nièvre" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/58his.html. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  5. "Situation géographique de la Nièvre". CG58.fr. Conseil Général de la Nièvre. http://www.cg58.fr/la-nievre/situation-geographie/situation-geographique-de-la-nievre.html. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  6. "Nevers, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598834&cityname=Nevers%2C+Bourgogne%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  7. "Nièvre (58)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_nievre_58.html. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Nièvre" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep58.pdf. Retrieved 6 October 2014.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]