Gironde

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Gironde
Department
Prefecture building of the Gironde department, in Bordeaux
Prefecture building of the Gironde department, in Bordeaux
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Gironde in France
Coordinates: 44°50′N 0°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°W / 44.833; -0.667Coordinates: 44°50′N 0°40′W / 44.833°N 0.667°W / 44.833; -0.667
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Bordeaux
Subprefectures Arcachon
Blaye
Langon
Lesparre-Médoc
Libourne
Government
 • President of the General Council Jean-Muc Gleyze
Area[1]
 • Total 9,975.6 km2 (3,851.6 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total 1,483,712
 • Rank 7th
 • Density 148.7341/km2 (385.2196/sq mi)
Demonym Girondins
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-33
Arrondissements 6
Cantons 33
Communes 542

Gironde (Occitan: Gironda) is a department in the southwest of France named after the Gironde estuary that starts after the confluence of the Garonne and Dordogne rivers in the bec d'Ambès ("beak of Ambès"),[Note 1] to the north of the city of Bordeaux.

The department is located in the region of Aquitaine with its prefecture in Bordeaux.

History[change | change source]

Gironde was formed during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790 with parts of the old provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.

From July 1793 to April 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the the Girondists, a French revolutionary group.

The department was divided into seven districts: Bordeaux, Libourne, La Réole, Bazas, Cadillac, Blaye and Lesparre. Its capital was the city of Bordeaux.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Gironde is part of the Aquitaine region, southwestern France, and is the largest department of Metropolitan France with an area of 9,975.6 km2 (3,852 sq mi).[1]

There four main zones in the Gironde; they are:

  1. the coastal zone, including part of the Côte d'Argent ("Silver coast");
  2. the forest that covers the western half of the department;
  3. the Bordelais, region around Bordeaux and where the different kinds of Bordeaux wines are produced; and
  4. the Bazadais, the region around the town of Bazas, in the soutwest of the department and where farming is very important.

The department is bordered by the departments: Charente-Maritime, Dordogne, Lot-et-Garonne, Landes and Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Biscay).

The main rivers in the department are the Dordogne river and the Garonne rivers; the two rivers form, after their confluence, the Gironde estuary, the largest estuary of France.

Administration[change | change source]

Gironde is part of the region of Aquitaine and is managed by the General Council of Gironde in Bordeaux.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 6 arrondissements (districts), 33 cantons and 542 communes (municipalities) in Gironde.[4]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[5]
(2012)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
331 Blaye Blaye 85,964   782.4   109.9 65
332 Bordeaux Bordeaux 893,005   1,521.9   586.8 82
333 Langon Langon 128,665   2,644.3   48.7 198
334 Lesparre-Médoc Lesparre-Médoc 84,539   2,274.3   37.2 51
335 Libourne Libourne 150,106   1,282.9   117.0 129
336 Arcachon Arcachon 141,433   1,469.9   96.2 17

The following is a list of the 33 cantons of the Gironde department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[6]

  1. Andernos-les-Bains (3301)
  2. Bordeaux-1 (3302)
  3. Bordeaux-2 (3303)
  4. Bordeaux-3 (3304)
  5. Bordeaux-4 (3305)
  6. Bordeaux-5 (3306)
  7. Le Bouscat (3307)
  8. La Brède (3308)
  9. Cenon (3309)
  10. Les Coteaux de Dordogne (3310)
  11. Créon (3311)
  12. L'Entre-Deux-Mers (3312)
  13. L'Estuaire (3313)
  14. Gujan-Mestras (3314)
  15. Les Landes des Graves (3315)
  16. Le Libournais-Fronsadais (3316)
  17. Lormont (3317)
  18. Mérignac-1 (3318)
  19. Mérignac-2 (3319)
  20. Le Nord-Gironde (3320)
  21. Le Nord-Libournais (3321)
  22. Le Nord-Médoc (3322)
  23. Pessac-1 (3323)
  24. Pessac-2 (3324)
  25. Les Portes du Médoc (3325)
  26. La Presqu'île (3326)
  27. Le Réolais et Les Bastides (3327)
  28. Saint-Médard-en-Jalles (3328)
  29. Le Sud-Gironde (3329)
  30. Le Sud-Médoc (3330)
  31. Talence (3331)
  32. La Teste-de-Buch (3332)
  33. Villenave-d'Ornon (3333)

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Gironde are known, in French, as Girondins (women: Girondines).[7]

The department of Gironde has a population, in 2012, of 1,483,712,[2] for a population density of 148.7 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Bordeaux, with 893,005 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The arrondissements of Blaye and Lesparre-Médoc are those with less people, with 85,964 and 84,539 inhabitants.[5]

The main cities in the department are:

City Population
(2012)[5]
Arrondissement
Bordeaux 241,287 Bordeaux
Mérignac 66,660 Bordeaux
Pessac 59,223 Bordeaux
Talence 41,358 Bordeaux
Villenave-d'Ornon 29,804 Bordeaux
Saint-Médard-en-Jalles 28,839 Bordeaux
Bègles 25,380 Bordeaux
La Teste-de-Buch 24,952 Arcachon
Libourne 23,736 Libourne
Le Bouscat 23,376 Bordeaux

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. The French word bec (beak or bill in English) means, in this and similar cases, the confluence of two rivers with the form of a beak.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Département de La Gironde (33) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-33. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  3. "Historique de la Gironde" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/33his.html. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  4. "Département de La Gironde (33)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/methodes/nomenclatures/cog/cog.asp?nivgeo=dep&codgeo=33. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Populations lègales 2012 - 33-Gironde" (in French). Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=33&annee=2012. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  6. "Décret n° 2014-192 du 20 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Gironde" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. 20 April 2014. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028638247. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  7. "Gironde (33)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_gironde_33.html. Retrieved 20 April 2015.

Other websites[change | change source]