Pyrénées-Atlantiques

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Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Department
The Chateau above the Gave de Pau
The Chateau de Pau above the Gave de Pau
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Pyrénées-Atlantiques in France
Coordinates: 43°15′N 0°50′E / 43.25°N 0.833°E / 43.25; 0.833Coordinates: 43°15′N 0°50′E / 43.25°N 0.833°E / 43.25; 0.833
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Pau
Subprefectures Bayonne
Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Government
 • President of the General Council Georges Labazée
Area[1]
 • Total 7,645 km2 (2,952 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 656,608
 • Rank 37th
 • Density 85.887/km2 (222.447/sq mi)
Demonym Basques et Béarnais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-64
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 52
Communes 547

Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Basque: Pirinio-Atlantiarrak or Pirinio-Atlantikoak) is a department in the Aquitaine region of France. It takes its name from the Pyrenees mountains and the Atlantic Ocean.

History[change | change source]

Pyrénées-Atlantiques is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790, with the name of Basses-Pyrénées. It was created from parts of the old provinces of Guyenne, Béarn, and Gascony.

The new department had six districts: Mauléon, Oloron, Orthez, Pau, Saint- Palais and Ustaritz.

The first prefecture was Navarrenx but then it was moved to Pau; in 1795, the prefecture was moved to Saint-Palais but in 1796 it was returned to Pau.[3]

On 10 October 1969, the name of the department was changed from Basses-Pyrénées to Pyrénées-Atlantiques.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Map of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques

Pyrénées-Atlantiques is part of the Aquitaine region, southwestern France, and is the 10th French department in area with 7,645 km2 (2,952 sq mi).

There are two small territorial enclaves—a remnant from the Middle Ages— that are part of the neighboring Hautes-Pyrénées department.

The department is the southernmost department of Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments:

and by Spain to the south and the Bay of Biscay (Atlantic Ocean) to the west.

The Pyrenees mountain range is found in the southern part of the department and goes, east to west, from the Col d'Aubisque, a mountain pass 30 km (19 mi) south of Tarbes and Pau, to the mouth of the river Bidasoa.

The Pic Palas (42°50′58″N 0°18′48″E / 42.84944°N 0.31333°E / 42.84944; 0.31333 (Palas)), at 2,974 m (9,757 ft), is the highest point of the department and also the highest of the Aquitaine region; it is on the border with Spain.[4]

The main river of the department is the Adour and all rivers in the department, except for some coastal small rivers, flow into this river. Other important rivers are the Gaves réunis, formed by the rivers Gave d'Oloron and Gave de Pau, and the Nive.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of Pau is Marine West Coast Climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), with mild winters and warm summers.[5]

The average temperature for the year in Pau is 13.5°C (56.3°F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.7°C (69.3°F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 6.6°C (43.9°F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Pau is 1,051.6 mm (41.4 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is December with 104.1 mm (4.1 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 73.7 mm (2.9 in).[5]

Climate data for Uzein (Pau), Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
7.4
(45.3)
10.0
(50)
11.9
(53.4)
15.6
(60.1)
18.7
(65.7)
20.7
(69.3)
20.7
(69.3)
18.2
(64.8)
14.7
(58.5)
9.8
(49.6)
7.2
(45)
13.46
(56.23)
Rainfall mm (inches) 84.9
(3.343)
74.7
(2.941)
79.2
(3.118)
73.1
(2.878)
97.9
(3.854)
88.3
(3.476)
86.6
(3.409)
79.1
(3.114)
89
(3.5)
100.4
(3.953)
94.2
(3.709)
103.8
(4.087)
1,051.2
(41.386)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques in Pau. Pyrénées-Atlantiques is part of the region of Aquitaine.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 52 cantons and 547 communes (municipalities) in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques.

Arrondissement Subprefecture Population
(2011)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Cantons Communes
Bayonne Bayonne 287,225   2,270   126.5 19 123
Oloron-Sainte-Marie Oloron-Sainte-Marie 78,162   2,885   27.1 12 155
Pau Pau 678,174   2,490   272.4 21 269
Arrondissements and cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
  • Cantons of the arrondissement of Bayonne
    • Anglet-Nord
    • Anglet-Sud
    • La Bastide-Clairence
    • Bayonne-Est
    • Bayonne-Nord
    • Bayonne-Ouest
    • Biarritz-Est
    • Biarritz-Ouest
    • Bidache
    • Espelette
    • Hasparren
    • Hendaye
    • Iholdy
    • Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry
    • Saint-Jean-de-Luz
    • Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port
    • Saint-Palais
    • Saint-Pierre-d'Irube
    • Ustaritz
  • Cantons of the arrondissement of Oloron-Sainte-Marie
    • Accous
    • Aramits
    • Arudy
    • Laruns
    • Lasseube
    • Mauléon-Licharre
    • Monein
    • Navarrenx
    • Oloron-Sainte-Marie-Est
    • Oloron-Sainte-Marie-Ouest
    • Sauveterre-de-Béarn
    • Tardets-Sorholus
  • Cantons of the arrondissement of Pau
    • Arthez-de-Béarn
    • Arzacq-Arraziguet
    • Billère
    • Garlin
    • Jurançon
    • Lagor
    • Lembeye
    • Lescar
    • Montaner
    • Morlaàs
    • Nay-Est
    • Nay-Ouest
    • Orthez
    • Pau-Centre
    • Pau-Est
    • Pau-Nord
    • Pau-Ouest
    • Pau-Sud
    • Pontacq
    • Salies-de-Béarn
    • Thèze

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques are known as French: Basques et Béarnais (women: French: Basques et Béarnaises.[6] The Basques live mainly in the western part of the department and the Béarnais in the eastern part. From 1790 to 1969, before the change of the name of the department, the inhabitants of this departmente were known as Bas-Pyrénéens.

The Pyrénées-Atlantiques has a population, in 2011, of 656,608,[2] for a population density of 85.9 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Pau, with 678,174 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Bayonne and Oloron-Sainte-Marie, have respectively 287,225 and 78,162 inhabitants.[7]

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Pau (79,798). The subprefectures of Bayonne and Oloron-Sainte-Marie have, respectively, 44,331 and 10,854 inhabitants.[7]

The main cities in the department are:

Petit Bayonne, a view across the Nive River
City Population
(2011)[7]
Arrondissement
Pau 79,798 Pau
Bayonne (Basque: Baiona) 44,331 Bayonne
Anglet (Basque: Angelu) 38,581 Bayonne
Biarritz (Basque: Miarritze) 25,903 Bayonne
Hendaye (Basque: Hendaia) 15,976 Bayonne
Billère 13,343 Pau
Lons 12,304 Pau
Orthez 10,886 Pau
Oloron-Sainte-Marie 10,854 Oloron-Sainte-Marie

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Departments of France – Haute-Garonne". Statoids. http://www.statoids.com/ufr.html. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Historique des Pyrénées-Atlantiques" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/64his.html. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
  4. "Pic Palas, France/Spain". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9771. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Uzein, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598837&cityname=Uzein%2C+Aquitaine%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  6. "Pyrénées-Atlantiques (64)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_pyrenees-atlantiques_64.html. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Pyrénées-Atlantiques" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep64.pdf. Retrieved 29 March 2014.

Related pages[change | change source]

Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department

Other websites[change | change source]