Tarn-et-Garonne

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Tarn-et-Garonne
Department
Prefecture building of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, in Montauban
Prefecture building of the Tarn-et-Garonne department, in Montauban
Flag of Tarn-et-Garonne
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Tarn-et-Garonne in France
Coordinates: 44°0′N 1°20′E / 44°N 1.333°E / 44; 1.333Coordinates: 44°0′N 1°20′E / 44°N 1.333°E / 44; 1.333
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Département 4 November 1808
Prefecture Montauban
Subprefecture Castelsarrasin
Government
 • President of the General Council Jean-Michel Baylet
Area[1]
 • Total 3,718 km2 (1,436 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 244,545
 • Rank 85th
 • Density 65.773/km2 (170.352/sq mi)
Demonym Tarn-et-Garonais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-82
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 30
Communes 195

Tarn-et-Garonne is a department in the southwest of France, in the Midi-Pyrénées region. It is named after the Garonne river and its tributary Tarn. Its prefecture and largest city is Montauban.

History[change | change source]

Tarn-et-Garonne is not one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created on 4 November 1808 during the First French Empire by Napoleon I.

It was formed out of territories belonging to neighboring areas. More than half of the territory was taken from the Lot (including Montauban and Moissac), over one-third was taken from Haute-Garonne (including Castelsarrasin), and the rest from the departments of Lot-et-Garonne, Gers, and Aveyron.

The new department had three arrondissements: Montauban, Castelsarrasin and Moissac. The prefecture was Montauban. On 10 September 1926, the arrondissement of Moissac was eliminated.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Tarn-et-Garonne

Tarn-et-Garonne is part of the Midi-Pyrénées region. It has an area of 3,718 km2 (1,436 sq mi).

The department borders with 2 regions and 6 departments:

The highest point in the department, at 510 m (1,673 ft), is the Pech Maurel, in the commune of Castanet.

Even if Tarn-et-Garonne is one of the smallest departments of Metropolitan France, there is a great diversity of landscapes in the department; for example, the plains between the Tarn and Garonne rivers and in the valley of the Aveyron river, the hills of the Lomagne region (southwest of the department) and in the north, including the Causse (a limestone plateau) of the northeast.

The main rivers in the department are the Garonne and its tributaries Tarn and Aveyron.

Administration[change | change source]

Tarn-et-Garonne is managed by the General Council of Tarn-et-Garonne in Montauban. The department is part of the region of Midi-Pyrénées.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 30 cantons and 195 communes (municipalities) in Tarn-et-Garonne.

Arrondissement Capital Population
(2011)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Cantons Communes
Castelsarrasin Castelsarrasin 75,438   1,602   47.1 12 103
Montauban Montauban 169,107   2,117   79.9 18 92
Moissac, seen over the Tarn river.
Église de l'Assomption Caussade

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Tarn-et-Garonne are known, in French, as Tarn-et-Garonnais (women: Tarn-et-Garonnaises).[4]

Tarn-et-Garonne had a population, in 2011, of 244,545,[2] for a population density of 65.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Montauban, with 169,107 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants. The arrondissement of Castelsarrasin has 75,438 inhabitants.[5]

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Montauban (56,536). The subprefecture of Castelsarrasin has 13,054 inhabitants.[5]

The cities with more than 5,000 inhabitants in the department are:[5]

City Population
(2011)[5]
Arrondissement
Montauban 56,536 Montauban
Castelsarrasin 13,054 Castelsarrasin
Moissac 12,365 Castelsarrasin
Caussade 6,638 Montauban
Montech 5,793 Montauban
Nègrepelisse 5,246 Montauban

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "France Departments". Statoids. http://www.statoids.com/ufr.html. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  3. "Historique de Tarn-et-Garonne" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/82his.html. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  4. "Tarn-et-Garonne (82)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_tarn-et-garonne_82.html. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Tarn-et-Garonne" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep82.pdf. Retrieved 2 June 2014.

Related pages[change | change source]

Arrondissements of the Tarn-et-Garonne department

Other websites[change | change source]