Aude

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Aude
Department

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Aude in France
Coordinates: 43°5′N 2°25′E / 43.083°N 2.417°E / 43.083; 2.417Coordinates: 43°5′N 2°25′E / 43.083°N 2.417°E / 43.083; 2.417
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon
Prefecture Carcassonne
Subprefectures Limoux
Narbonne
Government
 • President of the General Council Marcel Rainaud (PS)
Area1
 • Total 6,139 km2 (2,370 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 345,779
 • Rank 71st
 • Density 56.325/km2 (145.881/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 11
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 35
Communes 438

^1  French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Aude is a department in south-central France named after the Aude River. The local council also calls the department "Cathar Country". It is in Languedoc-Rousillon. Its prefecture is Carcassonne. Sous-prefectures are in Limoux and Narbonne. France numbers its departements (according to the alphabet mostly). Aude has the number 11.

Today, slightly over 309,000 people live in the department. The most important econnmic activity is wine growing (called viticulture). There is also some industry, and tourism.

Early forms of habitation[change | change source]

A skull was found, and named Homme de Tautavel (Tautavel Man). It was found in a cave on the site called Caune de l'Arago, near Tautavel. The fossils are between 300.000 and 450.000 years old. There are over 80 fragments; the skull belonged to a man in his twenties. He was about 1.65 m, and weighed around 45–55 kg. Other remains are two mandibles, belonging to a woman in her fifties, and to a man, about 20 to 25 years old. It looks like they did not know how to use fire yet. It also looks like they might have been cannibals, or that they preferred to scavenge for food, rather than hunt. Some bones of rhinoceros, horses, wild sheep (called Mouflon), Tahrs (resemble wild goats), Muskox (a type of bovine), deer, and reindeer were found in the cave. There is an ongoing debate if this hominian is directly related to the Neanderthal. If they are not they would be Homines erecti (currently they are classified as H. erectus Tautavelensis). If they are direct predecessors of the Neanderthals, they would be Homo heidelbergensis.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Aude at Wikimedia Commons