Haute-Garonne

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Haute-Garonne
Department
Prefecture building of the Haute-Garonne department, in Toulouse
Prefecture building of the Haute-Garonne department, in Toulouse
Flag of Haute-Garonne
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Haute-Garonne in France
Coordinates: 43°25′N 1°30′E / 43.417°N 1.5°E / 43.417; 1.5Coordinates: 43°25′N 1°30′E / 43.417°N 1.5°E / 43.417; 1.5
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Toulouse
Subprefectures Saint-Gaudens
Muret
Government
 • President of the General Council Pierre Izard
Area[1]
 • Total 6,309 km2 (2,436 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 1,260,226
 • Rank 14th
 • Density 199.751/km2 (517.35/sq mi)
Demonym Haut-Garonnais, Haut-Garonnaise
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-31
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 53
Communes 589

Haute-Garonne ("Upper Garonne"; Occitan: Nauta Garona) is a department in the southwest of France named after the Garonne river. Its main city is Toulouse.

History[change | change source]

Haute-Garonne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Languedoc.

The department was originally larger than now because it included the district of Castelsarrasin which was transferred to the department of Tarn-et-Garonne when it was created in 1808.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Haute-Garonne has an area of 6,309 km2 (2,436 sq mi).[1] It is part of the Midi-Pyrénées region. The department is not a historical region of France; this is an administrative division made from various pieces of Languedoc and Gascogne.

The department is surrounded by the departments:

and by Spain (provinces of Lleida and Huesca) to the south.

The department is crossed by the upper course of the Garonne river (hence the name) for nearly 200 km (120 mi). The borders of the department follow the river. The Garonne enters France from Spain at the town of Fos, goes through Toulouse and leaves the department. Two big canals cross the department from east to west: the Canal du Midi and the Canal de Garonne.

There are three distinct geographical areas in the department:

  1. The extreme south of the department lies in the Pyrenees mountain range and there are many mountains. The highest mountain is Peak of Perdiguère (42°41′31″N 00°31′07″E / 42.69194°N 0.51861°E / 42.69194; 0.51861 (Peak of Perdiguère)) that is 3,221 m (10,568 ft) above sea level.[4]
  2. A first plain, to the north of the Pyrenees, that extends from Montréjeau to Saint-Martory
  3. A second plain, the vast plain of Toulouse, that extends from Saint-Martory to the northern border of the department.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of the department is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb in the Köppen climate classification.[5]

Climate data for Toulouse, Haut-Garonne, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
16
(61)
20
(68)
25
(77)
27
(81)
27
(81)
24
(75)
18
(64)
12
(54)
9
(48)
17.5
(63.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4
(39)
6
(43)
8
(46)
11
(52)
14
(57)
18
(64)
21
(70)
21
(70)
18
(64)
13
(55)
8
(46)
5
(41)
12.3
(54.1)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(34)
2
(36)
3
(37)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
15
(59)
15
(59)
12
(54)
8
(46)
5
(41)
2
(36)
7.5
(45.5)
Rainfall mm (inches) 40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
50
(1.97)
60
(2.36)
70
(2.76)
60
(2.36)
30
(1.18)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
60
(2.36)
50
(1.97)
610
(24.02)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of the Haute-Garonne in Toulouse. The Haute-Garonne is part of the region of Midi-Pyrénées.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 53 cantons and 589 communes (municipalities) in the Haute-Garonne.[6]

Arrondissement Capital Population
(2011)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Cantons Communes
Muret Muret 206,114   1,639   125.8 11 126
Saint-Gaudens Saint-Gaudens 77,469   2,140   36.2 11 237
Toulouse Toulouse 976,643   2,531   385.9 31 226
Waterfall in the Pyrenees
Waterfall in the Lac d'Oô
  • Arrondissement of Muret with 11 cantons, subprefecture in Muret:
    • Auterive
    • Carbonne
    • Cazères
    • Cintegabelle
    • Le Fousseret
    • Montesquieu-Volvestre
    • Muret
    • Portet-sur-Garonne
    • Rieumes
    • Rieux
    • Saint-Lys
  • Arrondissement of Saint-Gaudens with 11 cantons, subprefecture in Saint-Gaudens:
    • Aspet
    • Aurignac
    • Bagnères-de-Luchon
    • Barbazan
    • Boulogne-sur-Gesse
    • L'Isle-en-Dodon
    • Montréjeau
    • Saint-Béat
    • Saint-Gaudens
    • Saint-Martory
    • Salies-du-Salat
  • Arrondissement of Toulouse with 31 cantons, prefecture in Toulouse:
    • Blagnac
    • Cadours
    • Caraman
    • Castanet-Tolosan
    • Fronton
    • Grenade
    • Lanta
    • Léguevin
    • Montastruc-la-Conseillère
    • Montgiscard
    • Nailloux
    • Revel
    • Cantons of Toulouse, numbered 1-15:
      Toulouse-1, Toulouse-2, Toulouse-3, Toulouse-4, Toulouse-5
      Toulouse-6, Toulouse-7, Toulouse-8, Toulouse-9, Toulouse-10
      Toulouse-11, Toulouse-12, Toulouse-13, Toulouse-14, Toulouse-15
    • Tournefeuille
    • Verfeil
    • Villefranche-de-Lauragais
    • Villemur-sur-Tarn

Population[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Haute-Garonne are known, in French, as Haut-Garonnais (women: Haut-Garonnaises).[7]

Haute-Garonne has a population, in 2011, of 1,243,641,[2] for a population density of 197.1 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Toulouse, with 976,643 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Muret and Saint-Gaudens, have respectively 206,114 and 77,469 inhabitants.[6]

The cities with more people living in them, in 2011, were:[6]

Commune Population Commune Population
Toulouse 447,340 Colomiers 35,784
Tournefeuille 25,763 Muret 24,085
Blagnac 22,217 Cugnaux 16,049
Plaisance-du-Touch 16,039 Balma 13,829
Ramonville-Saint-Agne 12,195 L'Union 11,792
Fonsorbes 11,536 Saint-Orens-de-Gameville 11,196
Saint-Gaudens 11,191 Castanet-Tolosan 11,090
Saint-Jean 10,281 Portet-sur-Garonne 9,510
Revel 9,352 Auterive 9,191
Castelginest 9,048 Villeneuve-Tolosane 8,748

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

Arrondissements of the Haute-Garonne department

Other websites[change | change source]