Haute-Garonne

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Haute-Garonne
Department
Prefecture building of the Haute-Garonne department, in Toulouse
Prefecture building of the Haute-Garonne department, in Toulouse
Flag of Haute-Garonne
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Haute-Garonne in France
Coordinates: 43°25′N 1°30′E / 43.417°N 1.5°E / 43.417; 1.5Coordinates: 43°25′N 1°30′E / 43.417°N 1.5°E / 43.417; 1.5
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Toulouse
Subprefectures Saint-Gaudens
Muret
Government
 • President of the General Council Pierre Izard
Area[1]
 • Total 6,309.3 km2 (2,436.0 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total 1,279,349
 • Rank 13th
 • Density 202.7719/km2 (525.177/sq mi)
Demonym Haut-Garonnais, Haut-Garonnaise
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-31
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 53
Communes 589

Haute-Garonne ("Upper Garonne"; Occitan: Nauta Garona) is a department in the southwest of France named after the Garonne river. Its main city is Toulouse.

History[change | change source]

Haute-Garonne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Languedoc.

The department was originally larger than now because it included the district of Castelsarrasin which was transferred to the department of Tarn-et-Garonne when it was created in 1808.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Haute-Garonne has an area of 6,309.3 km2 (2,436 sq mi).[1] It is part of the Midi-Pyrénées region. The department is not a historical region of France; this is an administrative division made from various pieces of Languedoc and Gascogne.

The department is surrounded by the departments:

and by Spain (provinces of Lleida and Huesca) to the south.

The department is crossed by the upper course of the Garonne river (hence the name) for nearly 200 km (120 mi). The borders of the department follow the river. The Garonne enters France from Spain at the town of Fos, goes through Toulouse and leaves the department. Two big canals cross the department from east to west: the Canal du Midi and the Canal de Garonne.

There are three distinct geographical areas in the department:

  1. The extreme south of the department lies in the Pyrenees mountain range and there are many mountains. The highest mountain is Peak of Perdiguère (42°41′31″N 00°31′07″E / 42.69194°N 0.51861°E / 42.69194; 0.51861 (Peak of Perdiguère)) that is 3,221 m (10,568 ft) above sea level.[4]
  2. A first plain, to the north of the Pyrenees, that extends from Montréjeau to Saint-Martory
  3. A second plain, the vast plain of Toulouse, that extends from Saint-Martory to the northern border of the department.

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of the department is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb in the Köppen climate classification.[5]

Climate data for Toulouse, Haut-Garonne, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
16
(61)
20
(68)
25
(77)
27
(81)
27
(81)
24
(75)
18
(64)
12
(54)
9
(48)
17.5
(63.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4
(39)
6
(43)
8
(46)
11
(52)
14
(57)
18
(64)
21
(70)
21
(70)
18
(64)
13
(55)
8
(46)
5
(41)
12.3
(54.1)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(34)
2
(36)
3
(37)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
15
(59)
15
(59)
12
(54)
8
(46)
5
(41)
2
(36)
7.5
(45.5)
Rainfall mm (inches) 40
(1.57)
40
(1.57)
50
(1.97)
60
(2.36)
70
(2.76)
60
(2.36)
30
(1.18)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
50
(1.97)
60
(2.36)
50
(1.97)
610
(24.02)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of the Haute-Garonne in Toulouse. The Haute-Garonne is part of the region of Midi-Pyrénées.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 53 cantons and 589 communes (municipalities) in the Haute-Garonne.

Arrondissement Capital Population[6]
(2012)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Cantons Communes
Muret Muret 209,710   1,639   127.9 11 126
Saint-Gaudens Saint-Gaudens 77,638   2,140   36.3 11 237
Toulouse Toulouse 992,001   2,531   391.9 31 226
Waterfall in the Pyrenees
Waterfall in the Lac d'Oô
  • Arrondissement of Muret with 11 cantons, subprefecture in Muret:
    • Auterive
    • Carbonne
    • Cazères
    • Cintegabelle
    • Le Fousseret
    • Montesquieu-Volvestre
    • Muret
    • Portet-sur-Garonne
    • Rieumes
    • Rieux
    • Saint-Lys
  • Arrondissement of Saint-Gaudens with 11 cantons, subprefecture in Saint-Gaudens:
    • Aspet
    • Aurignac
    • Bagnères-de-Luchon
    • Barbazan
    • Boulogne-sur-Gesse
    • L'Isle-en-Dodon
    • Montréjeau
    • Saint-Béat
    • Saint-Gaudens
    • Saint-Martory
    • Salies-du-Salat
  • Arrondissement of Toulouse with 31 cantons, prefecture in Toulouse:
    • Blagnac
    • Cadours
    • Caraman
    • Castanet-Tolosan
    • Fronton
    • Grenade
    • Lanta
    • Léguevin
    • Montastruc-la-Conseillère
    • Montgiscard
    • Nailloux
    • Revel
    • Cantons of Toulouse, numbered 1-15:
      Toulouse-1, Toulouse-2, Toulouse-3, Toulouse-4, Toulouse-5
      Toulouse-6, Toulouse-7, Toulouse-8, Toulouse-9, Toulouse-10
      Toulouse-11, Toulouse-12, Toulouse-13, Toulouse-14, Toulouse-15
    • Tournefeuille
    • Verfeil
    • Villefranche-de-Lauragais
    • Villemur-sur-Tarn

Population[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Haute-Garonne are known, in French, as Haut-Garonnais (women: Haut-Garonnaises).[7]

Haute-Garonne has a population, in 2012, of 1,279,349,[2] for a population density of 202.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Toulouse, with 992,001 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Muret and Saint-Gaudens, have respectively 209,710 and 77,638 inhabitants.[6]

The 20 cities with more people living in them, in 2012, were:[6]

Commune Population Commune Population
Toulouse 453,317 L'Union 11,702
Colomiers 36,699 Castanet-Tolosan 11,440
Tournefeuille 26,342 Saint-Gaudens 11,199
Muret 24,492 Saint-Orens-de-Gameville 11,122
Blagnac 22,983 Saint-Jean 10,319
Plaisance-du-Touch 16,616 Portet-sur-Garonne 9,406
Cugnaux 16,314 Castelginest 9,369
Balma 14,245 Revel 9,341
Ramonville-Saint-Agne 12,610 Auterive 9,275
Fonsorbes 11,828 Villeneuve-Tolosane 8,854

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Département de la Haute-Garonne (31) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-31. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  3. "Création du département de Tarn-et-Garonne". Archives de France. http://www.archivesdefrance.culture.gouv.fr/action-culturelle/celebrations-nationales/2008/vie-politique-et-institutions/creation-du-departement-de-tarn-et-garonne/. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  4. "Perdiguero, France/Spain". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9789. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  5. "Le département de la Haut-Garonne" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/departement-haute-garonne.html. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Populations lègales 2012 - 31-Haute-Garonne" (in French). Populations légales 2012 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/departement.asp?dep=31&annee=2012. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  7. "Habitants du départment: Haute-Garonne (31)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_haute-garonne_31.html. Retrieved 15 June 2014.

Related pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]