Tarn

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Tarn
Department
Part of the old city of Albi
Old city and Tarn river, Albi
Flag of Tarn
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Tarn in France
Coordinates: 43°49′N 2°12′E / 43.817°N 2.2°E / 43.817; 2.2Coordinates: 43°49′N 2°12′E / 43.817°N 2.2°E / 43.817; 2.2
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Albi
Subprefecture Castres
Government
 • President of the General Council Thierry Carcenac
Area[1]
 • Total 5,758 km2 (2,223 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 377,675
 • Rank 65th
 • Density 65.591/km2 (169.881/sq mi)
Demonym Tarnais
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-81
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 46
Communes 323

Tarn (Occitan: Tarn) is a French department located in the Midi-Pyrénées region in the southwest of France named after the Tarn river. Its prefecture and largest city is Albi.

History[change | change source]

Tarn is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from a part of the old province of Languedoc.

The new department had five districts: Albi, Castres, Lavaur, Gaillac, Lacaune. The capitals (now prefectures) were, alternatively, Albi and Castres but, from 1790 to 1797, the capital was only Albi; in 1797, the capital was moved to Castres.[3]

In 1800, Albi became again the capital of the department and the arrondissements were created; the department had four arrondissements: Albi, Castres, Gaillac and Lavaur. In 1926, the arrondissements of Gaillac and Lavaur were eliminated.[3]

Geography[change | change source]

Tarn is part of the Midi-Pyrénées region and has an area of 5,758 km2 (2,223 sq mi).

The department borders with 2 regions and 5 departments:

While the valley of the Tarn river, the main river of the department, form a plain, the central part of the department is hilly. The main mountain ranges are the Monts de Lacaune, in the southeast, and the Montagne Noire in the south.

The Monts de Lacaune ("Mountains of Lacaune") mountain range is near the town of Lacaune; its highest point, and the highest of the Tarn department, is Puech Montgrand, 1,267 m (4,157 ft) high.

The Montagne Noire (Occitan: Montanha Negra, lit. "Black Mountain") is a mountain range in central southern France. It is located at the southwestern end of the Massif Central in the border area of the Tarn, Hérault and Aude departments. Its highest point is the Pic de Nore at 1,210 m (3,970 ft) high. The mountain is within the Parc naturel régional du Haut-Languedoc.

Administration[change | change source]

The department is managed by the General Council of the Tarn in Albi. Tarn is part of the region of Midi-Pyrénées.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 46 cantons and 323 communes (municipalities) in Tarn.

Arrondissement Subprefecture Population
(2011)
Area
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Cantons Communes
Albi Albi 185,350   2,732   67.8 23 170
Castres Castres 192,325   3,026   63.6 23 153
Vineyard at Cahuzac-sur-Vère
Saint Alain cathedral, Lavaur

Demographics[change | change source]

The inhabitants of Tarn are known, in French, as Tarnais (women: Tarnaises).[4]

Tarn has a population, in 2011, of 377,675,[2] for a population density of 65.6 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Castres, with 192,325 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants. The arrondissement of Albi has 185,350 inhabitants.[5]

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Albi (49,179). The subprefecture of Castres has 42,222 inhabitants.[5]

The cities with more than 6,000 inhabitants in the department are:

Lavaur: Garden in front of the Saint Alain cathedral.
City Population
(2011)[5]
Arrondissement
Albi 49,179 Albi
Castres 42,222 Castres
Gaillac 13,629 Albi
Graulhet 11,761 Castres
Lavaur 10,178 Castres
Mazamet 10,093 Castres
Saint-Sulpice 8,213 Castres
Saint-Juéry 6,758 Albi
Labruguière 6,320 Castres
Aussillon 6,313 Castres

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "France Departments". Statoids. http://www.statoids.com/ufr.html. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/france-departements.asp. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Historique du Tarn" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/81his.html. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  4. "Tarn (81)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_tarn_81.html. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Tarn" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep81.pdf. Retrieved 26 May 2014.

Related pages[change | change source]

Arrondissements of the Tarn department

Other websites[change | change source]