Albi

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Albi

Albi2007a.jpg
Albi: the Sainte-Cécile cathedral and the Pont Vieux.
Coat of arms of Albi
Coat of arms
Albi is located in France
Albi
Administration
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Tarn
Arrondissement Albi
Canton Chief town of 6 cantons
Intercommunality Albigeois
Mayor Stéphanie Guiraud-Chaumeil (UDI)
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 130–308 m (427–1,010 ft)
(avg. 169 m/554 ft)
Land area1 44.26 km2 (17.09 sq mi)
Population2 49,179  (2011)
 - Density 1,111 /km2 (2,880 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 81004/ 81000
Website www.mairie-albi.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 43°55′44″N 2°08′47″E / 43.9289°N 2.1464°E / 43.9289; 2.1464

Albi (Occitan: Albi) is a commune in southern France. It is the prefecture of the Tarn department, in the Midi-Pyrénées region. It is on the Tarn river, about 85 km (53 mi) to the northeast of Toulouse.

Its inhabitants are called Albigensians (French: Albigeois, Albigeoise(s), Occitan: albigés -esa(s)).

It is the seat of the Archbishop of Albi. The cathedral and the part of the city around it (the Episcopal City) was made a World Heritage Sites in 2010.[1]

History[change | change source]

Close-up of the cathedral's bell tower

The first human settlement in Albi was in the Bronze Age (3000-600 BC). After the Roman conquest of Gaul in 51 BC, the town became Civitas Albigensium, the city of the Albigeois.

The Cathars had their main centre at Albi and so they were known also as Albigens after the city. The Cathar movement was a branch of Christianity which was persecuted in the Middle Ages. Because of this, the city was almost completely destroyed in a crusade between 1209 and 1229. Since 1678, the city is the seat of an archbishop. Since 1790, it is the capital city of the Tarn department.

Geography[change | change source]

Albi is in southern France, in the centre of the Tarn department. The Tarn flows through the city and splits it in two; the historical city is on the left side of the river. Several small rivers, tributaries of the Tarn, flows also through the city.

It has an area of 44.26 km2 (17.09 sq mi) and its average altitude is 169 m (554 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 174 m (571 ft).[2]

With a population of 49,179,[3] its population density is of 1,111 inhabitants/km2.

The commune is at 85 km (53 mi) northeast of Toulouse and the closest cities are Castres, Toulouse, Mazamet, Graulhet, Lavaur, Gaillac, Montauban, Rodez et Carmaux. It is surrounded by the communes Lescure-d'Albigeois to the north; Saint-Juéry to the northeast; Cunac and Cambon to the east; Fréjairolles to the southeast; Puygouzon to the south; Le Sequestre, Carlus and Saliès to the southwest; Terssac, Marssac-sur-Tarn, Florentin, Rouffiac, Cagnac-les-Mines, Castelnau-de-Lévis

Climate[change | change source]

The climate of Albi is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.[4]

The average temperature for the year in Albi is 13.4 °C (56.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 22.3 °C (72.1 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.4 °C (41.7 °F).

The highest recorded temperature in Albi is 41.4 °C (106.5 °F), which was recorded in August. The lowest recorded temperature in Albi is −20.4 °C (−4.7 °F), which was recorded in January.

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Albi is 1,023.6 mm (40.3 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is November with 101.6 mm (4.0 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 66 mm (2.6 in).

Climate data for Albi, Tarn, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
11.2
(52.2)
14.7
(58.5)
17.4
(63.3)
21.6
(70.9)
25.5
(77.9)
28.7
(83.7)
28.4
(83.1)
24.7
(76.5)
19.7
(67.5)
13.2
(55.8)
9.8
(49.6)
18.69
(65.65)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.4
(41.7)
6.5
(43.7)
9.3
(48.7)
11.8
(53.2)
15.9
(60.6)
19.6
(67.3)
22.3
(72.1)
22.0
(71.6)
18.5
(65.3)
14.6
(58.3)
9.1
(48.4)
6.0
(42.8)
13.42
(56.15)
Average low °C (°F) 1.4
(34.5)
1.7
(35.1)
3.8
(38.8)
6.2
(43.2)
10.2
(50.4)
13.6
(56.5)
15.8
(60.4)
15.6
(60.1)
12.3
(54.1)
9.5
(49.1)
4.9
(40.8)
2.1
(35.8)
8.09
(46.57)
Rainfall mm (inches) 91.9
(3.618)
79.8
(3.142)
78.7
(3.098)
90.8
(3.575)
95.7
(3.768)
77.5
(3.051)
65.6
(2.583)
75.0
(2.953)
74.1
(2.917)
93.4
(3.677)
101.3
(3.988)
99.1
(3.902)
1,022.9
(40.272)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration[change | change source]

Albi is the prefecture of the Tarn department since 1797. It is also the capital of six Cantons:[5]

  1. Albi-Centre, formed with a part of Albi (11,744 inhabitants)
  2. Albi-Est, formed with a part of Albi and of the commune Fréjairolles (11,734 inhabitants)
  3. Albi-Nord-Est, formed with a part of Albi and of the communes Arthès, Le Garric and Lescure-d'Albigeois (12,923 habitants)
  4. Albi-Nord-Ouest, formed with a part of Albi and of the communes Cagnac-les-Mines, Castelnau-de-Lévis, Mailhoc, Milhavet, Sainte-Croix and Villeneuve-sur-Vère (13,199 inhabitants)
  5. Albi-Ouest, formed with a part of Albi and of the communes Marssac-sur-Tarn and Terssac (10,641 inhabitants)
  6. Albi-Sud, formed with a part of Albi and of the communes Carlus, Puygouzon, Rouffiac, Saliès and Le Sequestre (13,857 inhabitants).

Cathedral[change | change source]

Episcopal City of Albi *
Albi01.jpg
Sainte-Cécile cathedral in Albi
Country France
Type Cultural
Criteria (iv)(v)
Reference 1337
Region ** Europe
Inscription history
Inscription 2010 (34th Session)

There is the cathedral Ste-Cécile (St. Cecile´s cathedral) worth seeing. It is built like a fortress, in a gothic style. The cathedral is built in a very special style. Inside, there are frescoes from the Renaissance, worth a visit.

The cathedral has walls which are up to 6 metres thick. This makes it the biggest brick building in the world.

Museum[change | change source]

There is a museum dedicated to Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec in the city. De Touluose-Lautrec was born in the city. There are also paintings of other people in the museum.

People from Albi[change | change source]

Sister cities[change | change source]

Albi is twinned with:

References[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

Arrondissements of the Tarn department

Other websites[change | change source]