Besançon

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Besançon

Besancon boucle Doubs.jpg
Besançon is located in France
Besançon
Administration
Country France
Region Free County
Department Doubs
Intercommunality Communauté d'agglomération du Grand Besançon
Statistics
Population1 117,599  (2008)
INSEE/Postal code 25056/ 25000
1 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 47°14′35″N 6°01′19″E / 47.24306°N 6.02194°E / 47.24306; 6.02194

Besançon is a city in France. It is the capital of the Free County (Franche-Comté) region and the prefecture of the Doubs department. Its population is around 117,600 (2008).

History[change | change source]

Besançon is an old city. It is discovered in 58 BC and Julius Caesar writes about it in his book Commentarii de Bello Gallico where it is called Vesontio. The etymology (origin of the word) is not certain. It could have a Celtic origin. The Celtic word wes means mountain. In the 4th century, the letter B became V. The city name changed to Besontio or Bisontion. It became Besançon in 1243.

The city has a Renaissance citadel. It was later used by the Nazis during World War II.

The Doubs (river), the Tour de la Pelote and the Quai Vauban.
The citadelle in Besançon

Climate[change | change source]

Besançon has an oceanic climate and a continental climate. The average temperature is 10.2 °C (50 °F). The warmest month of the year is July (18.9 °C or 66 °F) and the coldest month is January (1.6 °C or 35 °F). Besançon receives about 1108 mm (44 inches) of precipitation per year. The wettest month is May (111.4 mm or 4.4 in); the driest is July (80.5 mm or 3.2 in). The highest temperature ever, recorded on 31 July 1983, was 38.8 °C (101.8 °F), and the lowest was a −20.7 °C (−5.3 °F) reached on 1 January 1985.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg temperature °C (°F) 1.6 (35) 3.3 (38) 6.1 (43) 9.4 (49) 13.3 (56) 16.5 (62) 18.9 (66) 18.3 (65) 15.7 (60) 11.3 (52) 5.6 (42) 2.1 (36) 10.2 (50)
Avg rainfall mm (in) 91.1 (3.6) 81.8 (3.2) 83.5 (3.3) 91.6 (3.6) 111.4 (4.4) 100.1 (3.9) 80.5 (3.2) 86.9 (3.4) 93.2 (3.7) 85.8 (3.4) 103.7 (4.1) 99.0 (3.9) 1108 (43.6)
Source: Météo France

Monuments[change | change source]

Sister cities[change | change source]

Besançon is twinned with: