Mâcon

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Mâcon

Mairie de Mâcon.JPG
Mâcon Town Hall.
Coat of arms of Mâcon
Coat of arms
Mâcon is located in France
Mâcon
Administration
Country France
Region Burgundy
Department Saône-et-Loire
Arrondissement Mâcon
Canton Chief town of 3 cantons
Intercommunality Mâconnais–Val de Saône
Mayor Jean-Patrick Courtois
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 167–347 m (548–1,138 ft)
(avg. 175 m/574 ft)
Land area1 27.04 km2 (10.44 sq mi)
Population2 33,730  (2011)
 - Density 1,247 /km2 (3,230 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 71270/ 71000
Website www.macon.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 46°18′23″N 4°49′53″E / 46.30630°N 4.8313°E / 46.30630; 4.8313

Mâcon is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the Burgundy region in east-central France. It is the préfecture (capital) of the department.

Even if Mâcon is the capital of the department, it is only the second largest city in population after Chalon-sur-Saône.

History[change | change source]

The Celts from the Aedui (people that lived between the Saône and Loire rivers) had an oppidum and a river port in the present place of Mâcon. This settlement was called Matisco by Julius Caesar.[1]

Geography[change | change source]

Mâcon is the southernmost city in the region of Burgundy. It is at 65 kilometres (40 miles) north of Lyon and 400 kilometres (249 miles) from Paris.

The city lies on the western (left) side of the Saône river; on the right side is Saint-Laurent-sur-Saône, a commune in the Ain department.

It has an area of 27.04 km2 (10.44 sq mi).[2] Its average altitude is 257 m (843 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 190 m (620 ft).[3]

Mâcon and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Mâcon

Climate[change | change source]

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Charnay-lès-Mâcon, less than 1 km (0.62 mi) to the west of Mâcon and where is the local airport, is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[4]

The average temperature for the year in Charnay-lès-Mâcon is 11.7 °C (53.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 21.1 °C (70.0 °F). The coolest month, on average is January, with an average temperature of 2.8 °C (37.0 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Charnay-lès-Mâcon is 866.1 mm (34.10 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is October with 96.5 mm (3.80 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is August with an average of 50.8 mm (2.00 in).[4]

Climate data for Charnay-lès-Mâcon, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
7.6
(45.7)
12.3
(54.1)
15.7
(60.3)
20.1
(68.2)
23.9
(75)
26.6
(79.9)
26.2
(79.2)
21.9
(71.4)
16.5
(61.7)
9.9
(49.8)
6.1
(43)
16.03
(60.85)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.8
(37)
4.1
(39.4)
7.9
(46.2)
10.8
(51.4)
15.1
(59.2)
18.7
(65.7)
21.1
(70)
20.6
(69.1)
16.7
(62.1)
12.4
(54.3)
6.8
(44.2)
3.6
(38.5)
11.72
(53.09)
Average low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
3.4
(38.1)
5.9
(42.6)
10.1
(50.2)
13.4
(56.1)
15.5
(59.9)
14.9
(58.8)
11.5
(52.7)
8.3
(46.9)
3.6
(38.5)
1.0
(33.8)
7.4
(45.3)
Rainfall mm (inches) 84.4
(3.323)
66.1
(2.602)
63.8
(2.512)
71.3
(2.807)
69.9
(2.752)
59.2
(2.331)
55.5
(2.185)
50.3
(1.98)
60.5
(2.382)
96.8
(3.811)
93.2
(3.669)
96.2
(3.787)
867.2
(34.142)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population[change | change source]

With a population of 33,730,[5] Mâcon has a population density of 1,946 inhabitants/km2.

The inhabitants of Mâcon are known, in French, as Mâconnais (women: Mâconnaises ).[6]

Administration[change | change source]

Mâcon is the préfecture of the Saône-et-Loire department since 1800. It is also the capital of three Cantons:[7]

  1. Mâcon-Centre, formed with part of Mâcon and the commune Charnay-lès-Mâcon.
  2. Mâcon-Nord, formed with part of Mâcon and several other communes.
  3. Mâcon-Mâcon, formed with part of Mâcon and several other communes.

Places of interest[change | change source]

Some interesting places in Mâcon are:

  • The Mâcon Cathedral (Cathédrale Saint-Vincent de Mâcon) in the town centre
  • The Saint-Pierre Church (Èglise Saint-Pierre) in the Place Saint-Pierre
  • The Museum of Fine Arts (former Ursuline Convent)
  • Hôtel Senecé (Lamartine museum)

People from or related to Mâcon[change | change source]

Gallery[change | change source]

Photograph of the city of Mâcon taken from Saint-Laurent-sur-Saône (Ain), on the other side of the Saône river

Sister cities[change | change source]

Mâcon is twinned with:[8]

Related pages[change | change source]

Arrondissements of the Saône-et-Loire department

References[change | change source]

  1. Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico, Book 7, 90. There is an English translation in Wikisource.
  2. "Commune de Mâcon (71270) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=COM-71270. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  3. "Mâcon". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Macon-71870/. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Charnay-lès-Mâcon, France - Climate Summary". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598844&cityname=Charnay-l%E8s-M%E2con%2C+Bourgogne%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
  5. "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Saône-et-Loire" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep71.pdf. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  6. "Mâcon (71000)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_macon_71270.html. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  7. "Liste des cantons de l'arrondissement de Mâcon" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/methodes/nomenclatures/cog/canarr.asp?codedep=71&codearr=5. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  8. "Villes jumelées à Mâcon" (in French). Ville de Mâcon. http://www.macon.fr/Votre-mairie/Villes-jumelees-a-Macon2. Retrieved 15 November 2014.

Other websites[change | change source]